African Knowledge Base(AKB) Platform
Integrated Essential Digital Resources on Africa

Public Employment and Governance in Middle East and North Africa

There are no files associated with this item.
Appears in Collections:
World Bank (WB)

Abstract: Government wage bills have been growing across the world, but are exceptionally high in the MENA region relative to countries’ state of development, whether measured as a share of GDP, or of government revenue and spending (World Bank, 2004). Across the region government wage bills threaten fiscal sustainability. There are many drivers behind the large wage bills, whether of central government alone or of general government. Government employment numbers also seem to grow inexorably, in many areas faster than required to deliver services in line with population growth. Other factors have been weak staff control systems, the authorization of new recruitment outside budget frameworks, and laxly applied staff performance assessment systems, in addition to absenteeism, and the difficulty under public service rules of disciplining and ultimately terminating poorly performing staff. This paper takes a look at government wage bill growth, alongside current approaches to recruitment, staff performance assessments and promotions, with particular emphasis on Egypt, Morocco and Tunisia. These country examples are complemented by a broader regional analysis to illustrate overarching trends in public sector employment.The objective is to identify the various forces at work, how they interact, and thereby document and understand better the dynamic of public sector wage bill expansion in the Middle East as well as potential linkages to public sector performance. The paper also looks at reform efforts, extracts lessons and identify potential reform options to better control wage bill growth and the unbalancing effects it has had on the efficiency and effectiveness of government spending generally. Furthermore, while the paper does not present a comprehensive overview of the nature of public employment in MENA, it aims to identify potential areas for further research in this domain.
Type: Report
Economic & Sector Work :: Public Expenditure Review
Economic & Sector Work
Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10986/25181
Subject: PUBLIC OFFICIALS
JOBS
EMPLOYMENT
PUBLIC SECTOR WAGE
ECONOMIC GROWTH
RETIREMENT
INFORMAL SECTOR
FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT
FISCAL DEFICITS
INCOME
PUBLIC SECTOR JOB
TOP MANAGEMENT
PUBLIC INVESTMENTS
PUBLIC SECTOR
GOVERNMENT SPENDING
SPENDING
LABOR FORCE
SERVICES
PRIVATE SECTOR JOB
PUBLIC EMPLOYMENT
PUBLIC SERVICES
REVENUES
JOB
EDUCATIONAL QUALIFICATIONS
SERVANTS
LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION
REAL WAGES
TEMPORARY WORKERS
INFLATION
EARLY RETIREMENT
PUBLIC FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT
PUBLIC SECTOR WAGE BILLS
PUBLIC HEALTH
YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT RATE
DRIVERS
JOB SEEKERS
POVERTY REDUCTION
SERVICE EMPLOYMENT
HUMAN RESOURCE
PUBLIC POLICY
TOTAL FACTOR PRODUCTIVITY
WAGE BILL
ADMINISTRATIVE REFORM
PUBLIC SECTORS
EMPLOYMENT POLICIES
REGULAR JOBS
EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT
PUBLIC SECTOR JOBS
PUBLIC SECTOR EMPLOYEES
UNEMPLOYED
PUBLIC WAGE
DEBT
OPERATING EXPENSES
LOCAL GOVERNMENT
DEFICITS
LABOR
TOTAL EMPLOYMENT
FINANCE
PUBLIC
PUBLIC INVESTMENT
FEMALE LABOR
FIRST- TIME JOB SEEKERS
UNEMPLOYMENT
PUBLIC SERVANTS
PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH
PUBLIC SECTOR WAGE BILL
WORKERS
TRANSPARENCY
UNEMPLOYMENT RATE
PROVISIONS
PUBLIC PAY
PARTICIPATION
HIGH EMPLOYMENT
BUDGETS
GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEES
WAGE PREMIUM
OCCUPATION
PUBLIC SERVICE EMPLOYMENT
PUBLIC SECTOR REFORM
JOB CREATION
EMPLOYMENT GROWTH
PRIVATE SECTOR
PUBLIC SECTOR PAY
REGULATION
PUBLIC DEBT
SECRETARIES
SKILLED LABOR
MANAGEMENT
ROADS
GOVERNANCE
PUBLIC SECTOR EMPLOYMENT
PUBLIC RESOURCES
LICENSES
DISMISSAL
REFORM PROGRAMS
PUBLIC SECTOR PRODUCTIVITY
WORKING CONDITIONS
WORKFORCE PLANNING
HUMAN RESOURCES
PUBLIC SECTOR PERFORMANCE
PUBLIC CONSULTATION
CREATING JOBS
MINISTRIES OF FINANCE
FEMALE LABOR FORCE
LABORERS
PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
EMPLOYEE
FISCAL BALANCE
WAGE NEGOTIATIONS
REVENUE
PUBLIC SERVICE REFORM
BORROWING
JOB SECURITY
PUBLIC SERVICE MANAGEMENT
YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT
LABOR MARKETS
PUBLIC EMPLOYEES
PUBLIC SECTOR MANAGEMENT
GOVERNMENTS
PUBLIC SERVICE
PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT
POLITICAL LEADERS
ABSENTEEISM
EMPLOYEES




Country City Visitors