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Distortions to Agricultural Incentives in Africa

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World Bank (WB)

Abstract: One of every two people in Sub-Saharan Africa survives on less than $1.25 a day. That proportion has changed little over the past three decades, unlike in Asia and elsewhere, so the region's share of global poverty has risen from one-tenth to almost one-third since 1980. About 70 percent of today's 400 million poor Africans live in rural areas and depend directly or indirectly on farming for their livelihoods. While that rural share was even higher in the past, it means policies affecting the incentives for farmers to produce and sell farm products remain a major influence on the extent of Africa's poverty. The case studies help address questions such as the following: where is there still a policy bias against agricultural production? To what extent are some farmers now being protected from import competition? What are the political economic forces behind the more-successful reformers, and how do they compare with those in less-successful countries where major distortions in agricultural incentives remain? How important have domestic political forces been in bringing about reform, as compared with international forces? What explains the cross commodity pattern of distortions within the agricultural sector of each country? What policy lessons and trade implications can be drawn from these differing experiences with a view to ensuring better growth-enhancing and poverty-reducing outcomes in the study's focus countries and in the region's other economies?
Type: Publications & Research :: Publication
Publications & Research :: Publication
Link: 978-0-8213-7652-2
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/2607
Subject: AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT BANK
AFRICAN FARMERS
AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS
AGRICULTURAL EXPORT
AGRICULTURAL EXPORTS
AGRICULTURAL GROWTH
AGRICULTURAL INDUSTRIES
AGRICULTURAL LAND
AGRICULTURAL MARKETS
AGRICULTURAL OUTPUT
AGRICULTURAL POLICIES
AGRICULTURAL POLICY
AGRICULTURAL POLICY ISSUES
AGRICULTURAL PRICE
AGRICULTURAL PRICES
AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY
AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS
AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH
AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH CENTER
AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH CENTERS
AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH ORGANIZATION
AGRICULTURAL TRADE
AGRICULTURE
AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION
ANIMAL DISEASE
BALANCE SHEET
BEAN
BEEF
BIOTECHNOLOGY
BORDER PRICES
CA
CASH CROPS
CASSAVA
CENTRAL PLANNING
COCOA
COFFEE
COMMODITIES
COMMODITY
COMMODITY PRICES
COMMON MARKET
COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGE
COMPETITIVENESS
CONSUMER ECONOMICS
CONSUMER FOOD SUBSIDIES
CONSUMERS
COPYRIGHT CLEARANCE
COPYRIGHT CLEARANCE CENTER
COTTON
COUNTRY TO COUNTRY
CROP
CROPS
DATES
DEPOSITS
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE
DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS
DEVELOPMENT RESEARCH
DISEASE CONTROL
DOLLAR VALUE
DOLLAR VALUES
DOMESTIC MARKET
DOMESTIC MARKETS
DOMESTIC PRICE
DOMESTIC PRICES
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
ECONOMIC GROWTH
ECONOMICS
ECONOMICS RESEARCH
EMERGING ECONOMIES
EUROPEAN COMMISSION
EXCHANGE RATE
EXCHANGE RATE REGIMES
EXCHANGE RATES
EXPORT SECTOR
EXPORTS
EXTENSION
EXTREME POVERTY
FAO
FARM PRODUCTS
FARMERS
FARMING
FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS
FOOD AVAILABILITY
FOOD CONSUMPTION
FOOD POLICY
FOOD POLICY RESEARCH
FOOD PRICES
FOOD PRODUCERS
FOOD PRODUCTS
FOOD STAPLES
FOOD SUPPLIES
FOREIGN CURRENCY
FOREIGN EXCHANGE
GA
GATT
GDP PER CAPITA
GLOBAL EXPORTS
GLOBAL GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT
GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT
GROSS VALUE
GROUNDNUT
GROWTH RATE
HUNGER
IMPERFECT COMPETITION
INSURANCE
INTEGRATION
INTERNATIONAL CENTER FOR AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH IN THE DRY AREAS
INTERNATIONAL FOOD POLICY RESEARCH INSTITUTE
INTERNATIONAL TRADE
LAND REFORM
LIVELIHOODS
LIVESTOCK
LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS
MAIZE
MARKET PRICES
MARKET STRUCTURE
MEAL
MEAT
MILK
MILLET
MULTILATERAL TRADE
NASH
NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH
NET EXPORTS
OILSEEDS
OUTPUTS
PALM OIL
PER CAPITA INCOME
PER CAPITA INCOMES
PLANTAIN
POLITICAL ECONOMY
POLITICAL REGIME
POULTRY
POVERTY ALLEVIATION
POVERTY INCIDENCE
POWER PARITY
PRICE DISTORTIONS
PROCESSED FOODS
PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH
PULSES
PURCHASING POWER
REAL GDP
REGIONAL INTEGRATION
RURAL DEVELOPMENT
RURAL INFRASTRUCTURE
SHEEP
SHEEP MEAT
SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT
SORGHUM
SOYBEAN
STAPLE FOODS
STRUCTURAL ADJUSTMENT
STRUCTURAL CHANGE
SUGAR
SUGAR SORGHUM
SUPERMARKET
TAX
TAXATION
TEA
TRADE LIBERALIZATION
TRADE NEGOTIATIONS
TRADE POLICIES
TRADE POLICY
TRANSITION ECONOMIES
UNITED NATIONS
UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS
UNIVERSITY OF SUSSEX
URBAN POVERTY
VALUE ADDED
VANILLA
WHEAT
WORLD DEVELOPMENT INDICATORS
WORLD TRADE
WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION
WTO
YAM




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