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Harnessing Urbanization to End Poverty and Boost Prosperity in Africa

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World Bank (WB)

Abstract: Urbanization is the single most important transformation that the African continent will undergo this century. More than half of Africa's population will live in its cities by 2040. In the face of rapid urbanization, there is a narrow window of opportunity to harness the potential of cities as engines of economic growth, and use this as a powerful leverage to achieve sustainable development and poverty reduction. Despite its rapid urban growth, Africa is less than halfway through the urbanization process and in some countries, a large number of people reside in rural areas. Rapid urbanization, if well managed, can curb urban sprawl, deteriorating access to services, greater inequality, and increased crime. The concentration of people in cities also elevates the risks and costs associated with extreme weather and natural disasters resulting from climate change. The World Bank Group's (WBGs) support will focus on three key areas: metropolitan areas and large cities; secondary and tertiary cities; and informal settlements. This will include both multi-sectoral investment programs that integrate a basket of services (for example, upgrading of electricity, water, sanitation, roads, drains in unplanned settlements); and sector specific projects (for example, in urban water, solid waste, and transport) to improve the effectiveness of service delivery. This paper is organized in following chapters: chapter one discusses why is it urgent to get Africa's urbanization right?; chapter two gives the vision for efficient, inclusive, and sustainable urbanization; chapter three presents priorities for Africa's policymakers; and chapter four deals with working with Africa to support efficient, inclusive, and sustainable cities.
Type: Publications & Research :: Working Paper
Publications & Research
Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10986/16657
Subject: ACCESS TO SERVICES
ADEQUATE INFRASTRUCTURE
AFFORDABLE HOUSING
AGGLOMERATION ECONOMIES
AIR
AIR POLLUTION
BASIC INFRASTRUCTURE
BOTTLENECKS
BROWNFIELDS
BUS
BUS DEPOTS
BUSES
CAPACITY BUILDING
CAPITAL FORMATION
CAPITAL INVESTMENT
CAPITAL INVESTMENTS
CAPITAL MARKETS
CARS
CENTRAL BUSINESS DISTRICT
CITIZEN
CITY DEVELOPMENT
CITY DWELLERS
CITY GOVERNMENTS
CITY PLANNING
CITY SIZE
CLIMATE CHANGE
COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGE
COMPETITIVE MARKETS
COMPLEX TASK
CONGESTION
CREDITWORTHINESS
DEBT
DECISION MAKING
DEVELOPED COUNTRIES
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
DEVELOPMENT PLANS
DRAINAGE
DRINKING WATER
DRIVERS
DRIVING
ECONOMIC ACTIVITY
ECONOMIC CHANGE
ECONOMIC CONDITIONS
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
ECONOMIC GROWTH
ECONOMIC PRODUCTIVITY
ECONOMICS
ECONOMIES OF SCALE
EMISSIONS
ENVIRONMENTAL
ENVIRONMENTAL COSTS
ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION
ENVIRONMENTAL EXTERNALITIES
ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS
ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES
ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY
EXPENDITURES
FAMILY MEMBERS
FINANCING OF INFRASTRUCTURE
FISCAL POLICIES
FLOOR AREA
FLOOR AREA RATIO
FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT
FUTURE GENERATIONS
GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT
HIGH-SPEED RAIL
HIGHWAYS
HOUSEHOLD LEVEL
HOUSING DEVELOPMENT
HOUSING MARKETS
HUMAN SETTLEMENTS
ILLNESS
INDUSTRIALIZATION
INFORMAL HOUSING
INFORMAL SETTLEMENTS
INFORMATION SYSTEMS
INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT
INFRASTRUCTURE UPGRADING
INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY
INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY
JOB CREATION
LABOR FORCE
LAND USE
LARGE CITIES
LARGE NUMBER OF PEOPLE
LEGAL FRAMEWORK
LEVELS OF PRODUCTIVITY
LIVING STANDARDS
LOCAL DEVELOPMENT
LOCAL ECONOMY
LOCAL GOVERNMENTS
LOCAL TRANSPORT
MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS
MIGRATION
MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS
MOBILITY
MORTALITY
MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENTS
NATIONAL BORDERS
NATIONAL INCOME
NATIONAL LEVEL
NATURAL DISASTERS
NATURAL RESOURCE
NATURAL RESOURCES
NEIGHBORHOODS
OIL
OIL PRICES
POLICY DIALOGUE
POLICY INSTRUMENTS
POLICY MAKERS
POLICY RESEARCH
POLICY RESEARCH WORKING PAPER
POLLUTION
POPULATION DENSITIES
POPULATION DENSITY
POPULATION DIVISION
POPULATION GROWTH
POTENTIAL CONTRIBUTION
PRACTITIONERS
PRIVATE PROPERTY
PROGRESS
PROPERTY RIGHTS
PROVISION OF INFRASTRUCTURE
PUBLIC GOODS
PUBLIC HEALTH
PUBLIC SERVICES
PUBLIC TRANSPORT
PUBLIC WORKS
QUALITY OF LIFE
RAIL
RAIL NETWORK
RATES OF GROWTH
RECREATION
REGIONAL BANKS
REGIONAL TRANSPORT
REGULATORY REGIMES
REGULATORY SUPPORT
RESEARCH AGENDA
RESEARCH INSTITUTIONS
RISING DEMAND
RISK MANAGEMENT
ROAD
ROAD IMPROVEMENT
ROADS
RURAL AREAS
RURAL POPULATION
SANITATION
SEA LEVEL
SECONDARY CITIES
SERVICE DELIVERY
SERVICE PROVIDERS
SERVICE SECTORS
SEWERAGE
SLUMS
SOCIAL AFFAIRS
SOCIAL BENEFITS
SOCIAL EQUITY
SOCIAL IMPACT
SOCIAL INCLUSION
SOLID WASTE
SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT
STAKEHOLDERS
STRATEGIC PRIORITIES
SUSTAINABLE CITIES
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
SUSTAINABLE GROWTH
TAXIS
TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE
TOWN DEVELOPMENT
TRAFFIC
TRANSPORT
TRANSPORT AUTHORITY
TRANSPORT COSTS
TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE
TRANSPORT INVESTMENT
TRANSPORT MODES
TRANSPORT POLICY
TRANSPORT SECTOR
TRANSPORT SYSTEMS
TRANSPORTATION
TRAVEL TIME
TREATMENT SERVICES
TRUE
UNPLANNED SETTLEMENTS
URBAN AREAS
URBAN CENTER
URBAN DEVELOPMENT
URBAN DWELLERS
URBAN ENVIRONMENT
URBAN GROWTH
URBAN GROWTH RATE
URBAN INFRASTRUCTURE
URBAN INVESTMENTS
URBAN ISSUES
URBAN LAND
URBAN MANAGEMENT
URBAN MIGRATION
URBAN MOBILITY
URBAN POLICIES
URBAN POOR
URBAN POPULATION
URBAN POPULATIONS
URBAN POVERTY
URBAN ROAD
URBAN ROADS
URBAN SECTOR
URBAN SERVICES
URBAN SPRAWL
URBAN STAKEHOLDERS
URBAN TRANSFORMATION
URBAN TRANSPORT
URBAN TRANSPORT SYSTEMS
URBANIZATION
URBANIZATION PROCESS
URBANIZED COUNTRIES
UTILITIES
VEHICLE
VULNERABILITY
WASTE MANAGEMENT
WEALTH
WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION
WORLD POPULATION




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