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The Distribution of Consumption Expenditure in Sub-Saharan Africa : The Inequality among All Africans

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World Bank (WB)

Abstract: This paper uses a set of national household surveys to study the regional Sub-Saharan Africa distribution of consumption expenditure among individuals during 1993 to 2008. The analysis puts the disparities in living standards that exist among persons in Africa into context with the disparities that exist within and between African countries. Regional interpersonal inequality has increased (from a Gini index of 52 percent in 1993 to 56 percent in 2008), driven by increasing disparities in living standards across countries, while there has been no systematic increase in within-country inequality. For the African distribution as a whole, growth of consumption expenditure (from household surveys) has been low (around 1 percent per year). This growth has been uneven and as a result the richest 5 percent of Africans received around 40 percent of the total gains, while the bottom third stagnated.
Type: Working Paper
Publications & Research
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10986/23913
Subject: LIVING STANDARDS
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTION
GROWTH RATES
INCOME SHARE
POVERTY LINE
ECONOMIC GROWTH
COUNTRY CLASSIFICATIONS
DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE
PRICE LEVELS
LAGS
INCOME
INCREASING INEQUALITY
POVERTY ESTIMATES
REAL GDP
EXCHANGE
GDP PER CAPITA
ECONOMIC REVIEW
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
POVERTY HEADCOUNT
AVERAGE INCOMES
WELFARE
REAL GROWTH
ECONOMIC POLICY
DISTRIBUTION
POLICY DISCUSSIONS
POOR PEOPLE
GROWTH SPELLS
DISTRIBUTION FUNCTIONS
CONSUMPTION GROWTH
AVERAGE INEQUALITY
WEALTH
DECREASING INEQUALITY
ECONOMIC OUTLOOK
INEQUALITY RESULTS
PER CAPITA INCOMES
BETWEEN-GROUP INEQUALITY
MEASURING POVERTY
PER CAPITA INCOME
DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS
POPULATION GROWTH
INEQUALITY MEASURES
INCOME INEQUALITY
AVERAGE INCOME
SIGNIFICANCE LEVEL
EXCHANGE RATES
BASE YEAR
ECONOMETRICS
HOUSEHOLD INCOME
INFLATION RATE
HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS
LAND OWNERSHIP
RELATIVE PRICES
PRODUCT
POOR GROWTH
NATURAL RESOURCES
INCOME CONVERGENCE
INEQUALITY COMPONENT
ECONOMIC RESEARCH
LOGARITHMIC SCALE
POWER PARITY
REGIONAL MEDIAN
CONSUMPTION
INEQUALITY ESTIMATES
ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE
POPULATION SHARE
LORENZ CURVE
VALUE
DEPENDENT VARIABLE
DISTRIBUTION FUNCTION
INCOME DISTRIBUTIONS
PURCHASING POWER
DEVELOPING WORLD
INCREASING SHARE
MEAN INCOME
NATIONAL INCOME
INCOME DISTRIBUTION
INCOMES
INEQUALITY DECOMPOSITION
MEASUREMENT
BENCHMARK
MACRO-ECONOMIC POLICY
ECONOMIC THEORY
MEAN CONSUMPTION
INEQUALITY MEASURE
CUMULATIVE DISTRIBUTION FUNCTION
ECONOMIC INEQUALITY
FALLING POVERTY
TRADE
LOW INCOME
RESIDUAL INEQUALITY
GROUP INEQUALITY
GDP
DATA SET
THEORY
ECONOMIES OF SCALE
GROWTH RATE
EXTREME POVERTY
GROWTH PERFORMANCE
AVERAGE ANNUAL
EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE
PRIVATE CONSUMPTION
DISTRIBUTION OF WEALTH
POSITIVE GROWTH
POLICY RESEARCH
POVERTY RATE
ANNUAL RATE
MEASURING INEQUALITY
MARGINAL PROPENSITY TO CONSUME
MIDDLE INCOME COUNTRIES
POSITIVE EFFECTS
GROWTH PROCESS
INCOME LEVEL
DEVELOPMENT POLICY
INCOME GROUPS
INEQUALITY
REGIONAL INEQUALITY




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