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Investing in Trees and Landscape Restoration in Africa : What, Where, and How

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World Bank (WB)

Abstract: Reforestation measures for degraded lands, strategies for the sustainable management of forest resources, and agroforestry practices that incorporate trees into farming systems are increasingly demonstrating their promise for producing commercialized tree products. Although the level of investment so far has remained modest, the challenge is to find ways to scale up promising investments in a way that will have a clear impact at the landscape level. These types of investments can help achieve the triple wins of climate-smart agriculture: increased incomes and yields, climate change adaptation and greenhouse gas mitigation.Market trends are promising for a wide range of tree-based technologies, including tropical fruits, cashews, honey, timber and wood products, lipids, gums and resins, tree crops, and agroforestry systems. In many cases, African entrepreneurs, farmers, civil society, and governments have responded dynamically to the widespread challenge of land degradation. The continent is dotted with landscapes where production of trees on farms and in managed forests has grown dramatically to meet market and subsistence needs; sustainable agricultural practices and revegetation have restored soils and watersheds; and key conservation areas are being protected. However, this is not happening at the scale required by societal needs in Africa. In part, this is due to a lack of strategic cooperation and coordination between private sector investors and land managers (who are focused on realizing profitable opportunities and meeting their own needs) and public and civil society actors (who are focused on restoring forest cover and ecosystem services). Such coordination is only possible when the biophysical potential for landscape restoration, private sector investment opportunity and incentives, and societal demand for multiple benefits converge. Much can be learned from examples of large-scale landscape restoration in Ethiopia, Kenya, Niger, Tanzania, and Zambia, and the variable roles of the private sector, farmers, government, and civil society in supporting and undertaking investment.
Type: Working Paper
Publications & Research :: Working Paper
Publications & Research
Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10986/26871
Subject: ACACIA
ADB
AFFORESTATION
AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT BANK
AFRICAN FARMERS
AGRIBUSINESS
AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES
AGRICULTURAL FIELDS
AGRICULTURAL GROWTH
AGRICULTURAL INTENSIFICATION
AGRICULTURAL INVESTMENT
AGRICULTURAL LAND
AGRICULTURAL PRACTICES
AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY
AGRICULTURAL SYSTEMS
AGRICULTURAL YIELDS
AGRICULTURE
AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION
AGROCHEMICAL
AGROFORESTRY
ANIMALS
ANNUAL CROPS
AVERAGE YIELDS
AVOCADOS
BANANAS
BIODIVERSITY
BIOMASS ENERGY
BUTTER
CAPITA CONSUMPTION
CARBON
CARBON DIOXIDE
CARBON SEQUESTRATION
CASSAVA
CASTOR BEANS
CENTER FOR INTERNATIONAL FORESTRY RESEARCH
CEREAL CROP
CERTIFICATION STANDARDS
CGIAR
CHEMICAL INPUTS
CHOCOLATE
CIFOR
CINNAMON
CITRUS FRUITS
CLEAN DEVELOPMENT MECHANISM
CLIMATE CHANGE
CLIMATIC ZONES
COCOA
COCOA BUTTER
COCOA PRICES
COCONUT
COFFEE
COFFEE EXPORTS
COFFEE GROWERS
COFFEE PRODUCTION
COFFEE SYSTEMS
COMMODITIES
COMMODITY
COMMUNITY FORESTRY
CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK
CONSERVATION FARMING
CONSERVATION TILLAGE
CONSULTATIVE GROUP ON INTERNATIONAL AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH
CONSUMPTION PATTERNS
CONTINUOUS CROPPING
CROP
CROP DIVERSIFICATION
CROP PRODUCTION
CROP PRODUCTION SYSTEMS
CROP ROOT ZONE
CROP SYSTEMS
CROP YIELDS
CROPPING
CROPPING SYSTEMS
CROPS
CULTIVATION
CULTIVATION OF TREES
DECISION MAKING
DEFORESTATION
DEGRADED LANDS
DEVELOPED COUNTRIES
DIETARY FIBER
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
ECONOMIC GROWTH
ECONOMIC SUSTAINABILITY
ECONOMIES OF SCALE
ECOSYSTEMS
EFFECTS OF DROUGHT
ENVIRONMENTAL
ENVIRONMENTAL BENEFITS
FALLOWING
FAO
FARM
FARMER
FARMERS
FARMING
FARMING SYSTEMS
FARMLAND
FARMS
FEED
FERTILIZER
FOOD CROPS
FOOD PRODUCTS
FOOD SECURITY
FOOD YIELDS
FOREST
FOREST GOVERNANCE
FOREST MANAGEMENT
FOREST POLICY
FOREST PRODUCTS
FORESTRY RESEARCH
FORESTS
FOSSIL FUELS
FRESH FRUIT
FRUIT CROPS
FRUITS
FUELWOOD
GARDENS
GERMPLASM
GRAIN
GRAPES
GREENHOUSE GAS
GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS
GROUND LEVEL
GUAVAS
GUM ARABIC
GUMS
HARVEST
HARVESTING
HONEY
HONEY PRODUCTION
HORTICULTURE
HORTICULTURE DEVELOPMENT
ICRAF
IFAD
INTERCROP SYSTEM
INTERCROPPING
INTERNATIONAL FUND FOR AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
LAND DEGRADATION
LAND MANAGEMENT
LAND USE
LANDSCAPE RESTORATION
LEAF LITTER
LEGUMINOUS TREES
LEMONS
LIMES
LIVESTOCK
LOGGING
MAIZE
MAIZE PRODUCTION
MAIZE YIELDS
MANGOES
MILK
MILLET
MULCH
MULCH COVER
MULCHING
NARS
NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH SYSTEM
NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH SYSTEMS
NATURAL REGENERATION
NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT
NATURAL RESOURCES
OIL
OIL PALM
OIL PRICES
ORANGES
OUTGROWER SCHEMES
PAPAYA
PAPAYAS
PINEAPPLES
PLANT BIODIVERSITY
PLANT BIOMASS
PLANTATIONS
POLICY MAKERS
POPULATION GROWTH
POPULATION GROWTH RATES
PRODUCE
PRODUCER GROUPS
PRODUCER ORGANIZATIONS
PRODUCERS
PRODUCT LINES
PRODUCT QUALITY
PRODUCTION COSTS
PRUNING
RA
RANGELANDS
RAW MATERIALS
RENEWABLE RESOURCES
REPLANTING
RESINS
ROOTS
RURAL COMMUNITIES
RURAL DEVELOPMENT
RURAL INCOME
SAVANNAS
SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE
SEED
SEEDS
SHADE TREES
SHADE-GROWN SYSTEMS
SMALL FARMERS
SOIL CONSERVATION
SOIL DEGRADATION
SOIL DEPTH
SOIL EROSION
SOIL FERTILITY
SOIL HEALTH
SOIL MOISTURE
SOIL NITROGEN
SOILS
SORGHUM
SPACING
SPATIAL PATTERNS
STREAMS
SUGAR
SUGAR CONSUMPTION
SUSTAINABLE FOREST MANAGEMENT
SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOODS
SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENT
TEA
THE CONSULTATIVE GROUP
TIMBER
TIMBER TREE
TIMBER TREES
TOBACCO
TRANSACTION COSTS
TREE CROPS
TREE DENSITY
TREE PLANTING
TREE SPECIES
TREE SYSTEMS
TREES
TREES IN FARMING SYSTEMS
TROPICAL FRUITS
UNCTAD
UNDP
UNEP
UNITED NATIONS
UNITED NATIONS DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME
URBANIZATION
VEGETABLES
VEGETATION
VEGETATIVE PROPAGATION
WATER STORAGE
WATERSHED
WATERSHED MANAGEMENT
WEED GROWTH
WIND EROSION




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