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Tourism in Middle East and North Africa : A Strategy to Promote Recovery, Economic Diversification and Job Creation

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World Bank (WB)

Abstract: Often described as the cradle of civilization, the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region boasts rich cultural assets, and is the historical origin of major religions including Christianity, Judaism, and Islam. This cultural heritage, coupled with the region s rich natural wonders, has made tourism a critical sector for economic and social development in the region. Tourism is a vital source of foreign exchange earnings, infrastructure investment, and cross-sectoral linkages. Even more importantly, the sector is a key source of job creation that can help MENA countries move from low value manufacturing into higher value-added service oriented activities. As many countries in the region transition to new governments, economic reforms can be undertaken to liberalize the sector, breaking down monopolistic market structures that prevent new entrants and stifle innovation. Similarly, there are new opportunities to develop a full-suite of tourism services (ecological, cultural, and religious tourism). Effective reform in the sector will require structural and regulatory changes that promote competition, strategic investment in infrastructure, targeted marketing, and a focus on training to address labor-skill mismatches, particularly for women and youth.
Type: Publications & Research :: Brief
Publications & Research
Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10986/20572
Subject: ARCHEOLOGICAL SITES
ART
BEACHES
BOTTLENECKS
CITIES
CITY MANAGERS
CONSERVATION
CONSERVATION OF NATURE
CULTURAL ASSETS
CULTURAL HERITAGE
CULTURAL TOURISM
CUSTOMER SERVICE
DIRECT TRAVEL
DOMESTIC TRAVEL
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
ECONOMIC GROWTH
FORMS OF TOURISM
HISTORICAL SITES
INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT
INTERNATIONAL TOURISM
INTERNATIONAL TOURIST
INTERNATIONAL TOURIST ARRIVALS
INTERNATIONAL TOURISTS
LEARNING
LEISURE
LITERACY
NATURAL RESOURCES
NATURAL WONDERS
PARKS
PATRONAGE
REGIONAL TOURISM
REGULATORY FRAMEWORK
SCHOOLS
SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT
SOCIAL TOURISM
TEXTILES
TOUR OPERATORS
TOURISM
TOURISM COUNCIL
TOURISM DESTINATIONS
TOURISM GROWTH
TOURISM REVENUES
TOURISM SECTOR
TOURISM SERVICES
TOURIST
TOURIST SITES
TOURISTS
TRANSPORT
TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE
TRAVEL & TOURISM
TRAVELERS
TRIPS
VISITOR
VISITORS
VOCATIONAL TRAINING
WILD PLACES
WORLD TOURISM
WORLD TOURISM ORGANIZATION
WORLD TRAVEL




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