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Creating Jobs in Africa's Fragile States : Are Value Chains an Answer?

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World Bank (WB)

Abstract: What is the relationship between employment and conflict in fragile states? Although this question cannot be definitively answered, a large body of research suggests that in countries emerging from conflict, peace is likelier to endure if growth can be rapidly restored and translated into economic opportunities for large segments of the population. With a focus on Sub-Saharan Africa, this report attempts to address the challenge of employment and conflict in fragile states. First, it reviews employment- creation activities in fragile and conflict-affected environments to see which approaches appear most promising. Second, it presents specific recommendations for an employment-generation strategy over the medium term. The report argues that in Sub-Saharan Africa, where almost three-quarters of the labor force still works in agriculture, agricultural value chains may have the greatest potential to diversify rural economies, raise household incomes, and thereby contribute to stability. The core of value chain development involves strengthening relationships a critical task in fragile and post- conflict environments, where trust and social cohesion have been shattered. The argument made by this report is developed as follows: the remainder of this chapter briefly defines fragility and summarizes current thinking about its relationship to economic development. It then concludes with a brief discussion of the historical roots of fragility in Sub-Saharan Africa and the implications of this trajectory for the region's current and future development. The second chapter reviews prevailing approaches to employment in fragile and conflict-affected environments. The third chapter examines current and emerging practice directed at restoring private sector activity. It briefly reviews the World Bank's approach to private sector development in four post- conflict countries and then introduces new arguments for earlier and bolder efforts to restore economies and generate employment. Chapter four concludes with recommendations for building on this emerging practice.
Type: Publications & Research :: Publication
Publications & Research :: Publication
Link: http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2013/01/17899865/creating-jobs-africas-fragile-states-value-chains-answer
978-0-8213-9793-0
10.1596/978-0-8213-9793-0
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/15807
Subject: ABATEMENT
ACCOUNTABILITY
ACCOUNTING
ADOLESCENT GIRLS
AGE GROUP
ANALYTICAL APPROACH
ARMED CONFLICTS
BALANCE OF PAYMENTS
BANKING SERVICES
BANKING SYSTEM
CAPACITY BUILDING
CAPITALS
CITIZENS
CIVIL CONFLICT
CIVIL WAR
CLIMATE CHANGE
CONSOLIDATION
CPI
CREATING JOBS
CROP LANDS
DECENTRALIZATION
DEFICITS
DEVELOPED COUNTRIES
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
DEVELOPMENT EFFORTS
DEVELOPMENT POLICY
DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES
DIRECT JOB CREATION
DISARMAMENT
DISCRIMINATION
DISPLACEMENT
DIVIDENDS
DOMESTIC MARKETS
DRIVERS
EARTHQUAKE
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
ECONOMIC FACTORS
ECONOMIC GROWTH
ECONOMIC INTEGRATION
ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITIES
ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITY
EDUCATIONAL LEVELS
EMERGENCY SITUATIONS
EMPLOYABILITY
EMPLOYMENT GENERATION
EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES
ENTITLEMENTS
ENTREPRENEURSHIP
ENVIRONMENTALLY SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
ENVIRONMENTS
ETHNIC GROUP
ETHNIC GROUPS
EX-COMBATANTS
EXPORT PROCESSING ZONES
FAST POPULATION GROWTH
FIRM PRODUCTIVITY
FISCAL POLICIES
FISHERIES
FOOD SECURITY
FORCED LABOR
FORESTRY
GLOBAL DEVELOPMENT
GLOBAL DEVELOPMENT FINANCE
GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT
HIV
HOUSEHOLD CONSUMPTION
HOUSEHOLD FOOD SECURITY
HOUSING
HUMAN CAPITAL
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS
HUMAN SECURITY
IMPACT OF CONFLICT
INDIGENOUS POPULATIONS
INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT
INFECTIOUS DISEASES
INFORMAL SECTOR
INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE
INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY
INTERNATIONAL TRADE
ISSUES OF POVERTY
JOB CREATION
JOB CREATION SCHEMES
JOB SEEKERS
LABOR FORCE
LABOR MARKET
LABOR MARKET CONDITIONS
LABOR MARKETS
LABORERS
LABOUR
LEGAL RIGHTS
LEGAL STATUS
LIFE EXPECTANCY
LOCAL DEVELOPMENT
LOCAL INFRASTRUCTURE
MACROECONOMICS
MALARIA
MANAGEMENT TECHNIQUES
MARKET VALUE
MICROFINANCE
MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOAL
MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS
MORTALITY
MULTILATERAL DEVELOPMENT BANKS
NATIONAL AUTHORITIES
NATIONAL BORDERS
NATIONAL GOVERNMENT
NATIONAL INCOME
NATURAL RESOURCE
NATURAL RESOURCES
NUTRITION
OIL
ORPHANS
PEACE
PEACEKEEPING
PERMANENT JOBS
POLICY ANALYSIS
POLICY BRIEF
POLICY GUIDANCE
POLICY IMPLICATIONS
POLICY MAKERS
POLICY RESEARCH
POLICY RESEARCH WORKING PAPER
POLITICAL ECONOMY
POLITICAL PARTICIPATION
POLITICAL SYSTEMS
POPULATION GROUPS
POPULATION STATISTICS
POST-CONFLICT RECONSTRUCTION
POSTCONFLICT SETTINGS
PREVIOUS SECTION
PRIVATE CONTRACTORS
PRIVATE SECTOR
PRIVATE SECTOR ACTIVITY
PRODUCERS
PRODUCTIVITY
PROPERTY RIGHTS
PUBLIC EMPLOYMENT
PUBLIC EMPLOYMENT SERVICES
PUBLIC FINANCE
PUBLIC POLICY
PUBLIC SECTOR EMPLOYMENT
PUBLIC SECTOR JOB
PUBLIC SECTOR JOBS
PUBLIC SERVICES
PUBLIC WORKS
PUBLIC WORKS PROGRAM
PUBLIC WORKS PROGRAMS
QUALITY STANDARDS
REGIONAL_STRATEGY
RESPECT
RURAL BANKS
RURAL WORKERS
SAFETY NET
SCARCE RESOURCES
SECONDARY EDUCATION
SERVICE PROVISION
SERVICE SECTORS
SHORT-TERM JOB CREATION
SKILLED LABOR
SKILLED WORKERS
SKILLS DEVELOPMENT
SMALL BUSINESS
SMALL BUSINESSES
SMALLHOLDERS
SOCIAL COHESION
SOCIAL GROUP
SOCIAL ISSUES
SOCIAL SAFETY NETS
SOCIAL SERVICE
SOCIAL TENSIONS
SPILLOVER
STATE-OWNED ENTERPRISE
STRUCTURAL ADJUSTMENT
SUITABLE EMPLOYMENT
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
SUSTAINABLE GROWTH
TAX REVENUE
TAXATION
TECHNICAL CAPACITY
TEMPORARY EMPLOYMENT
TEMPORARY JOB
TEMPORARY JOBS
TIMBER
TOTAL EMPLOYMENT
TOTAL FACTOR PRODUCTIVITY
TOTAL LABOR FORCE
TRADEOFFS
TRAINING COURSES
TRAINING PROGRAMS
TRANSACTION COSTS
TRANSPORT
TRANSPORTATION
UNEMPLOYED
UNEMPLOYED YOUTH
UNEMPLOYMENT
URBAN ENVIRONMENTS
URBAN POPULATION
URBANIZATION
VICIOUS CYCLE
VOCATIONAL EDUCATION
VOCATIONAL TRAINING
VULNERABLE GROUPS
WAGES
WAR
WARS
WASTE DISPOSAL
WASTE MANAGEMENT
WORK ACTIVITIES
WORK PROJECT
WORKER
WORKERS
WORKFORCE DEVELOPMENT
YOUNG MEN
YOUNG PEOPLE
YOUTH EMPLOYMENT
YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT




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