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African Poverty at the Millennium : Causes, Complexities, and Challenges

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World Bank (WB)

Abstract: The multifaceted nature of the poverty problem, and the widening gap between the levels of human well-being in Africa, compared with the other developing regions, are the central themes of this report. The key elements of poverty reduction strategies in the region are reviewed, pointing at the need for accelerated economic growth, if living standards are to improve in Africa. To this end, the report outlines the growth of African poverty, amid the variations between countries, which reflect regional differences, such as higher levels of infant/child mortality in West Africa, though this gap is narrowing, partly because of the higher HIV/AIDS prevalence in eastern, and southern Africa. It analyzes the causes of poverty, through the interaction of cause and effect, neglect, and policy implications, and examines economic stagnation as the cause of much poverty, through an overview of growth vs. distribution, the slow pace of growth in Africa, and the impact of growth as it affects poverty groups differently. However, it also points at the failure of both governments, and markets in reducing poverty, stating political systems do contribute to economic stagnation, whereas sustainable social indicators require not only growing incomes, but improved state service provision. The need for the donor community to redefine poverty reduction is imminent, and the report suggests more selective aid allocation, including debt relief, in accordance with government commitments to reducing poverty.
Type: Publications & Research :: Publication
Publications & Research :: Publication
Link: 0-8213-4867-1
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/13866
Subject: ACCESS TO SERVICES
CONFLICT
CONSUMPTION POVERTY
DATA AVAILABILITY
DATA SET
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
DEVELOPING COUNTRY
DISTRIBUTIONAL IMPACT
DROUGHT
ECONOMIC ACTIVITY
ECONOMIC DECLINE
ECONOMIC GROWTH
EDUCATION
EXTERNAL FACTORS
FAMILIES
FAMILY SUPPORT
FAMINE
FEMALE-HEADED HOUSEHOLDS
GENDER INEQUALITIES
HEALTH
HEALTH CARE
HEALTH SURVEY
HEALTH SURVEYS
HOUSEHOLD INCOME
HOUSEHOLD SIZE
HOUSEHOLD SURVEY
HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS
HUMAN CAPITAL
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
ILLITERACY
IMMUNIZATION
INEQUALITY
INFANTS
INFORMAL SECTOR
INTERVENTION
ISOLATION
LABOR MARKETS
LAWS
LIFE EXPECTANCY
LIVING STANDARDS
MACROECONOMIC STABILITY
MALNUTRITION
MARKET FAILURES
MARKETING
MEAN CONSUMPTION
MEDICAL TREATMENT
MORTALITY
NATIONAL AVERAGE
NATIONAL POLICIES
PARTNERSHIP
POLICY CHANGE
POLICY IMPLICATIONS
POLITICAL COMMITMENT
POLITICAL CONTEXT
POOR MEN
POOR PEOPLE
POVERTY ANALYSIS
POVERTY ASSESSMENT
POVERTY GAP
POVERTY GROUPS
POVERTY HEADCOUNT
POVERTY LINE
POVERTY MEASUREMENT
POVERTY REDUCTION
POVERTY REDUCTION POLICIES
POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGIES
POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY
POVERTY STATUS
POVERTY TRAP
POVERTY TRENDS
PRIMARY EDUCATION
PRIMARY SCHOOL
PROSTITUTES
REDUCING POVERTY
REFUGEES
RESOURCE ALLOCATION
RURAL AREAS
RURAL HOUSEHOLDS
RURAL POPULATION
RURAL POVERTY
SAFETY
SAFETY NETS
SERVICE DELIVERY
SERVICE PROVISION
SOCIAL CAPITAL
SOCIAL EXCLUSION
SOCIAL INDICATORS
SOCIAL SPENDING
STATISTICAL DATA
SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOODS
TARGETING
URBAN AREAS
URBAN POOR
URBAN POVERTY
VIOLENCE
WAR
WELFARE INDICATORS




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