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Africa Development Indicators 2010 : Silent and Lethal, How Quiet Corruption Undermines Africa's Development

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World Bank (WB)

Abstract: The corruption that often captures newspaper headlines and provokes worldwide public disapproval is dominated by loud 'big-time corruption,' notably administrative and political corruption at the highest government levels. In response to this notoriety, the bulk of anti-corruption measures have been tailored to address this type of corruption. However, recent examinations of the level and quality of service delivery in developing countries, including the World Development Report 2004, have highlighted the need to expand the scope of the standard definition of corruption, the abuse of public office for private gain. While acknowledging the importance of big-time corruption in reducing funding for service delivery, recent research has devoted increasing attention to identifying corrupt practices downstream at the frontline of public service provision. Given the complexity of the task, the fight against quiet corruption requires tailoring policies to country circumstances, recognizing that priorities and responses may vary depending on different country conditions. This essay outlines a research agenda to identify interventions to address quiet corruption. Experimenting with various ways to empower beneficiaries and continuing the ongoing efforts to tackle big-time corruption will go a long way toward achieving this goal. Indeed, although combating loud and visible forms of corruption is necessary, fighting quiet corruption is critical if governments want to reduce poverty and promote sustainable growth.
Type: Publications & Research :: Publication
Publications & Research :: Publication
Link: 978-0-8213-8202-8
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/2431
Subject: ABUSE
ACCOUNTABILITY
ANTENATAL CARE
ANTI-CORRUPTION
ANTICORRUPTION
ARSENIC
ASYMMETRIC INFORMATION
BALANCE OF PAYMENTS
BASIC NEEDS
BENCHMARKS
BENEFICIARIES
BRIBERY
BRIBERY SCANDALS
BRIBES
BUSINESSMEN
CAPITAL FORMATION
CERTIFICATION
CIVIL SERVANTS
CLINICS
COHORT STUDIES
COLLAPSE
COLLUSION
COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGIES
CORRUPT
CORRUPT PRACTICES
CORRUPTION
CORRUPTION ACTS
CORRUPTION COST
COUNTERFEIT DRUGS
DEBT
DEBT RELIEF
DELIVERY SYSTEMS
DEVELOPED COUNTRIES
DEVELOPMENT GOALS
DISCRETION
DRUGS
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
ECONOMIC GROWTH
EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT
EMISSIONS
EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE
ENVIRONMENTAL
FAMILIES
FARMS
FIGHT AGAINST CORRUPTION
FRAUD
GOOD GOVERNANCE
GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS
GRAND CORRUPTION
HEALTH CARE
HEALTH CARE WORKERS
HEALTH OUTCOMES
HEALTH SERVICES
HEAVY METALS
HOSPITALS
IMMUNIZATION
INCOME
INSTITUTIONALIZATION
INTEGRITY
INTERVENTION
IRON
JUSTICE
LABOR FORCE
LABORATORIES
LAWS
LEADERSHIP
LEARNING
LOBBYING
MARKET POWER
MEDICAL TREATMENT
MEDICATION
MEDICINES
MIGRATION
MONOPOLY
MORBIDITY
MORTALITY
NATIONAL INCOME
NURSES
NUTRITION
OPERATING COSTS
PACKAGING
PATIENT
PATIENTS
PATRONAGE
PENALTIES
PENALTY
PERCEPTION OF CORRUPTION
PETTY CORRUPTION
PHARMACEUTICAL
PHARMACEUTICAL QUALITY
PHARMACEUTICALS
PHYSICIANS
POLICE
POLICY MAKERS
POLITICAL CORRUPTION
POLITICAL ECONOMY
POLITICIANS
POOR HEALTH
POVERTY REDUCTION
PRICE DIFFERENCES
PRICE INDEXES
PRIMARY SCHOOLS
PRIVATE GAIN
PRODUCERS
PUBLIC HEALTH
PUBLIC OFFICIALS
PURCHASING
PURCHASING POWER
QUALITY ASSURANCE
QUALITY OF SERVICES
QUALITY STANDARDS
RESEARCH AGENDA
SANCTIONS
SERVICE DELIVERY
SERVICE UTILIZATION
SUSTAINABLE GROWTH
THEFT
THEFTS
TRANSPARENCY
TRANSPORT COSTS
UNEMPLOYMENT
USER FEES
VICTIMS
WAGES
WORKERS
WORKING CONDITIONS




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