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Rural Transport : Improving its Contribution to Growth and Poverty Reduction in Sub-Saharan Africa

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World Bank (WB)

Abstract: Poverty reduction is a long-standing development objective of many developing countries and their aid donors, including the World Bank. To achieve this goal, these countries and organizations have sought to improve smallholder agricultural productivity in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) as part of a broader rural development agenda aimed at providing a minimal basket of goods and services in rural areas to satisfy basic human needs. These goods and services include not only food, health care, and education, but also infrastructure. As a result, rural transport remains a constraint to increasing agricultural productivity, achieving rural growth, and thus alleviating rural poverty. The first major finding of the review of rural transport theory and practice is that many of the approaches needed to improve the impact of rural transport interventions on poverty reduction are known, particularly from the work of the Rural Travel and Transport Program (RTTP) of Sub-Saharan Africa Transport Policy Program (SSATP). Unfortunately, many of the recommended approaches remain untested within Sub-Saharan Africa beyond the pilot scale, notwithstanding their influence on rural transport policy and project design in other operational regions of the Bank. For SSA, these are missed opportunities. Even where SSA countries have applied these approaches, institutional and financial sustainability and scaling up local successes remain significant challenges for both their agriculture and transport sectors. The second key finding is that rural households are rarely the point of focus in the design of rural transport interventions in SSA, even though a methodology to allow this focus has been developed and successfully tested in several pilot projects since the 1980s, the result is that the transport needs of rural households continue to be analyzed and understood by means of an indirect assessment of those needs, which means that most projects have a less than desirable impact on improving the rural access and mobility situation of such households.
Type: Publications & Research :: Working Paper
Publications & Research
Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10986/17807
Subject: ACCESS ROADS
ACCESSIBILITY
AGRICULTURAL ACTIVITIES
AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
AGRICULTURAL FRONTIER
AGRICULTURAL GROWTH
AGRICULTURAL INNOVATION
AGRICULTURAL PRACTICES
AGRICULTURAL PRODUCE
AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY
AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS
AGRICULTURAL SECTOR
AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGIES
AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY
AID DONORS
BETTER ACCESS TO MARKETS
CAPACITY BUILDING
CASH CROPS
CLIMATE CHANGE
COMMERCIAL CROPS
CONSUMPTION SMOOTHING
COSTS OF TRANSPORT
DIMENSIONS OF POVERTY
DIVERSIFICATION
DRIVING
DROUGHT
ECONOMIC GROWTH
ECONOMIES OF SCALE
EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES
FARM GROWTH
FARM HOUSEHOLDS
FARM INCOME
FARM INCOMES
FARM PRODUCTION
FARM PRODUCTIVITY
FARM SECTOR
FARMER
FARMERS
FARMING SYSTEMS
FOOD CROPS
FOOD IMPORTS
FOOD INSECURITY
FOOD MARKETS
FOOD POLICY
FOOD PRICE
FOOD PRODUCTION
FOOD SECURITY
HIGH TRANSPORT
HIGHWAYS
HOUSEHOLD EXPENDITURES
HOUSEHOLD SIZE
HOUSEHOLD SURVEY
HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS
HOUSEHOLD TRAVEL
HOUSEHOLD WELFARE
HUMAN CAPITAL
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
IMPACT OF TRANSPORT
IMPACT ON POVERTY
INCOME FROM EDUCATION
INCOME GROWTH
INCOME POVERTY
INCOME-GENERATING ACTIVITIES
INEQUALITY
INFANT MORTALITY
INFANT MORTALITY RATE
INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT
INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT
INFRASTRUCTURE PLANNING
INSURANCE
INVESTMENT IN ROADS
IRRIGATION
LIVESTOCK DEVELOPMENT
LOCAL TRANSPORT
MEANS OF TRANSPORT
MOBILITY
NATIONAL POVERTY
NATURAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT
NONFARM INCOME
NUTRITION
O&M
POLITICAL INFLUENCE
POOR COUNTRIES
POOR HOUSEHOLDS
POOR PEOPLE
POPULATION DENSITIES
POPULATION DENSITY
POPULATION GROWTH
POVERTY ALLEVIATION
POVERTY FOCUS
POVERTY INCIDENCE
POVERTY LEVELS
POVERTY POVERTY
POVERTY RATES
POVERTY REDUCTION
POVERTY REDUCTION EFFORTS
POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGIES
POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY
POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY PAPER
POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY PAPERS
PUBLIC EXPENDITURE PROGRAMS
PUBLIC SAFETY
PUBLIC SAFETY NETS
PUBLIC WORKS
REGIONAL INTEGRATION
REGIONAL ORGANIZATIONS
RESETTLEMENT
RISK MANAGEMENT
ROAD
ROAD IMPROVEMENTS
ROAD INFRASTRUCTURE
ROAD MAINTENANCE
ROAD NETWORK
ROAD SECTOR
ROAD TRANSPORT
ROADS
ROUTES
RURAL
RURAL ACCESS
RURAL AREAS
RURAL COMMUNITIES
RURAL COMMUNITY
RURAL CONCERNS
RURAL DEVELOPMENT
RURAL DISPARITIES
RURAL DWELLERS
RURAL ECONOMY
RURAL FARM
RURAL GROWTH
RURAL HOUSEHOLD
RURAL HOUSEHOLD INCOME
RURAL HOUSEHOLDS
RURAL INCOME
RURAL INCOMES
RURAL INEQUALITIES
RURAL INFRASTRUCTURE
RURAL INFRASTRUCTURE PORTFOLIO
RURAL INSTITUTIONS
RURAL INVESTMENT
RURAL ISSUES
RURAL LABOR
RURAL LABOR MARKET
RURAL LIVELIHOODS
RURAL PEOPLE
RURAL POOR
RURAL POVERTY
RURAL POVERTY REDUCTION
RURAL PROJECTS
RURAL PUBLIC
RURAL ROAD
RURAL ROADS
RURAL SECTOR
RURAL SERVICE
RURAL SERVICE DELIVERY
RURAL SETTINGS
RURAL STRATEGY
RURAL TRANSPORT
RURAL TRANSPORT ACTIVITIES
RURAL TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE
RURAL TRAVEL
SAFETY
SANITATION
SMALL FARMERS
SMALL-SCALE AGRICULTURE
SMALLHOLDER AGRICULTURE
SMALLHOLDER FARMERS
SMALLHOLDER FARMS
SOCIAL SAFETY NETS
SPATIAL CONSIDERATIONS
STRUCTURAL ADJUSTMENT
SUBSISTENCE
SUBSISTENCE FARMERS
TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE
TRAFFIC
TRANSACTION COSTS
TRANSPORT ACTIVITIES
TRANSPORT ACTIVITY
TRANSPORT COSTS
TRANSPORT DEMAND
TRANSPORT IMPROVEMENT
TRANSPORT IMPROVEMENTS
TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE
TRANSPORT INVESTMENTS
TRANSPORT NETWORK
TRANSPORT PLANNING
TRANSPORT POLICIES
TRANSPORT POLICY
TRANSPORT POLICY DEVELOPMENT
TRANSPORT PROJECTS
TRANSPORT RESEARCH
TRANSPORT SECTOR
TRANSPORT SERVICE
TRANSPORT SERVICES
TRANSPORT STRATEGIES
TRANSPORT STRATEGY
TRANSPORT SYSTEM
TRANSPORT SYSTEM EFFICIENCY
TRANSPORT SYSTEMS
TRANSPORT TECHNOLOGIES
TRANSPORTATION
TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING
TRANSPORTS
TRAVEL DEMAND
TRAVELERS
VEHICLES




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