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Key Characteristics of Employment Regulations in the Middle East and North Africa

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World Bank (WB)

Abstract: This Fast Brief provides a general background on the main features of labor regulations in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) Region. This is part of an effort to understand employability constraints in MENA and to this end a World Bank team gathered information on labor legislation and other legal acts concerning labor regulations in the region. All this rendered more urgent with the ongoing social and political turmoil in the region. Within the broader scope of labor regulations, and in order to assure regional comparability, the information that was collected focused on key issues associated with commencing or terminating employment and during the period of employment (including maternity benefits). This Brief is to provide policymakers and international organizations with a regional analysis of how labor regulation affects labor market outcomes in the region and to inform governments on strategic approaches to employment creation through labor policy and associated reforms. This activity comes as a response to regional priorities in the context of the Arab World Initiative (AWI): one of the six strategic themes of the AWI focuses explicitly on employment creation as a top priority.
Type: Publications & Research :: Brief
Publications & Research
Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10986/10893
Subject: ANNUAL LEAVE
COLLECTIVE BARGAINING
DISMISSAL
DISMISSALS
ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY
ECONOMIC GROWTH
ECONOMIC SHOCKS
EMPLOYABILITY
EMPLOYERS
EMPLOYERS ASSOCIATIONS
EMPLOYMENT
EMPLOYMENT CREATION
EMPLOYMENT GROWTH
EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES
EMPLOYMENT PROTECTION LEGISLATION
EMPLOYMENT RATES
EMPLOYMENT SECURITY
FIRING
FIRING COSTS
FOREIGN LABOR
HIRING
INCOME
JOB CREATION
JOBS
LABOR CODES
LABOR CONTRACTS
LABOR FORCE
LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION
LABOR LAW
LABOR LAWS
LABOR LEGISLATION
LABOR MARKET
LABOR MARKET ADJUSTMENT
LABOR MARKET CONDITIONS
LABOR MARKET FLEXIBILITY
LABOR MARKET INDICATORS
LABOR MARKET OUTCOMES
LABOR MARKETS
LABOR MOBILITY
LABOR ORGANIZATION
LABOR POLICY
LABOR REGULATION
LABOR REGULATIONS
LABOR RELATIONS
LABOR SUPPLY
LAID-OFF WORKERS
LEGAL RIGHTS
LOW EMPLOYMENT
MATERNITY BENEFITS
MATERNITY LEAVE
MINIMUM WAGES
POLITICAL ECONOMY
POLITICAL PROCESS
PRIMARY CONCERN
PRIVATE SECTOR
PRIVATE SECTORS
PRODUCTIVE EMPLOYMENT
PRODUCTIVITY
PUBLIC EMPLOYMENT
REDUNDANCY
SERVANTS
SEVERANCE PAYMENTS
SOCIAL COHESION
SOCIAL PROTECTION
SOCIAL SECURITY
STRIKES
TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE
TERMINATION
TRADE UNIONS
UNEMPLOYED
UNEMPLOYMENT
UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE
UNEMPLOYMENT RATES
WAGE PREMIUMS
WORKER
WORKER RIGHTS
WORKERS




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