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Key Characteristics of Employment Regulation in the Middle East and North Africa

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World Bank (WB)

Abstract: This note provides a general background of the main features of labor regulation in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) and benchmarks them against international best practices. The note compiles information on available labor laws and other legal acts concerning employment protection regulation. Within the broader scope of labor regulation, and in order to assure regional comparability, information collected focuses on key issues in the labor law associated with commencing or terminating employment and during the period of employment (including maternity benefits). The main sources the data are the World Bank doing business 2010 and International Labour Organisation (ILO) databank. This note is a tool to provide policymakers and international organizations with a regional diagnose of how labor regulation affects labor market outcomes in MENA and inform client governments about strategic approaches to employment creation through labor policy and reform. This activity comes as a response to regional priorities in the context of the Arab World Initiative (AWI). One of the six strategic themes of the AWI focuses explicitly on employment creation as a top priority. Part of the World Bank's mandate under the AWI is to inform client governments about strategic approaches to employment creation through labor policy and reform.
Type: Working Paper
Publications & Research :: Working Paper
Publications & Research
Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10986/27712
Subject: ABOLITION OF FORCED LABOR
ACTIVE LABOR
ACTIVE LABOR MARKET
ACTIVE LABOR MARKET POLICIES
ACTIVE LABOR MARKET PROGRAMS
ADULT WORKERS
ADVERSE EFFECTS
ANNUAL LEAVE
AVERAGE WAGE
AVERAGE WAGES
BARGAINING AGREEMENT
BARGAINING POWER
BUSINESS CYCLE
CHILD LABOR
COLLECTIVE AGREEMENT
COLLECTIVE AGREEMENTS
COLLECTIVE BARGAINING
COLLECTIVE DISMISSALS
COMPETITIVE MARKET
COMPETITIVE PRODUCT MARKET
CONTRACT ENFORCEMENT
CRISES
DISABILITY
DISADVANTAGED GROUPS
DISMISSAL
DISPLACEMENT
EARNINGS INEQUALITY
ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY
ECONOMIC GROWTH
ECONOMIC SHOCKS
ECONOMIC THEORY
EMPLOYABILITY
EMPLOYEE
EMPLOYERS
EMPLOYERS ASSOCIATIONS
EMPLOYERS ORGANIZATIONS
EMPLOYMENT
EMPLOYMENT CREATION
EMPLOYMENT GROWTH
EMPLOYMENT INDICATORS
EMPLOYMENT LEVELS
EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES
EMPLOYMENT OUTCOMES
EMPLOYMENT PROTECTION LEGISLATION
EMPLOYMENT RATES
EMPLOYMENT SECURITY
FEMALE EMPLOYMENT
FEMALE LABOR
FIRING
FIRING COST
FIRING COSTS
FIRM GROWTH
FIRST-TIME JOB SEEKER
FLEXIBLE EMPLOYMENT
FORCED LABOR
FOREIGN LABOR
FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION
HEALTH INSURANCE
HIRING
HOURS OF WORK
HUMAN CAPITAL
ILO CONVENTIONS
INCOME
INCOME DISTRIBUTION
INCOME SECURITY
INCOME SUPPORT
INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS
INFORMAL ECONOMIES
INFORMAL EMPLOYMENT
INFORMAL SECTOR
INTERNATIONAL MARKET
INTERNATIONAL TREATIES
JOB CREATION
JOB LOSSES
JOB PLACEMENT
JOB PLACEMENT SERVICES
JOB SEARCH
JOB SECURITY
JOB SEEKERS
JOB-SEARCH ACTIVITIES
JOBS
LABOR CODES
LABOR CONTRACTS
LABOR COSTS
LABOR DEMAND
LABOR FORCE
LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION
LABOR LAW
LABOR LAWS
LABOR LEGISLATION
LABOR MARKET
LABOR MARKET ADJUSTMENT
LABOR MARKET CONDITIONS
LABOR MARKET EXPERIENCE
LABOR MARKET FLEXIBILITY
LABOR MARKET INDICATORS
LABOR MARKET OUTCOMES
LABOR MARKET PERFORMANCE
LABOR MARKET PROGRAMS
LABOR MARKET REFORMS
LABOR MARKET REGULATIONS
LABOR MARKET SITUATION
LABOR MARKETS
LABOR MOBILITY
LABOR OFFICE
LABOR POLICY
LABOR PROGRAMS
LABOR REGULATION
LABOR REGULATIONS
LABOR RELATIONS
LABOR STANDARDS
LABOR SUPPLY
LABOR TURNOVER
LABOR UNION
LABOR UNIONS
LAID-OFF WORKERS
LAYOFF
LAYOFFS
LIFE EXPECTANCY
LIFELONG LEARNING
LIMITED ENFORCEMENT CAPACITY
LIVING CONDITIONS
LIVING STANDARDS
LONG-TERM UNEMPLOYMENT
LONGTERM UNEMPLOYMENT
LOW EMPLOYMENT
MALE WORKER
MANDATED BENEFITS
MARKET ECONOMY
MARKET FAILURES
MARKET LIBERALIZATION
MARKET WAGE
MATERNITY BENEFITS
MATERNITY LEAVE
MINIMUM WAGE
MINIMUM WAGES
NET EMPLOYMENT
NIGHT WORK
OCCUPATION
OLDER WORKERS
OVERTIME
OVERTIME WORK
PAID MATERNITY
PAID WORKERS
PERMANENT EMPLOYMENT
PERMANENT WORKERS
PERSONNEL
POLITICAL ECONOMY
POLITICAL PROCESS
PRESENT VALUE
PRIMARY CONCERN
PRIVATE FIRMS
PRIVATE SECTOR
PRIVATE SECTOR FIRM
PRIVATE SECTORS
PRODUCT MARKET REFORMS
PRODUCTIVE EMPLOYMENT
PRODUCTIVITY
PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH
PROPERTY RIGHTS
PUBLIC SERVICE
RECOMMENDATIONS
REDUNDANCY
REPLACEMENT WORKERS
REST PERIOD
RIGHT TO ORGANIZE
RIGID LABOR MARKETS
SAFETY
SAFETY NET
SAFETY NETS
SERVANTS
SEVERANCE PAY
SEVERANCE PAY SYSTEM
SEVERANCE PAYMENTS
SKILLED LABOR
SOCIAL COHESION
SOCIAL PROTECTION
SOCIAL SECURITY
STRIKES
TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE
TEMPORARY JOBS
TEMPORARY WORKERS
TERMINATION
TOTAL EMPLOYMENT
TRADE UNIONS
TRAINING REQUIREMENTS
TRIPARTITE
UNEMPLOYED
UNEMPLOYED PEOPLE
UNEMPLOYMENT
UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFIT
UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITS
UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE
UNEMPLOYMENT OUTCOMES
UNEMPLOYMENT RATES
UNEMPLOYMENT SPELLS
UNSKILLED LABOR
UNSKILLED WORKERS
WAGE DISTRIBUTION
WAGE LEVEL
WAGE POLICY
WAGE PREMIUM
WAGE PREMIUMS
WAGE RATE
WAGE RATES
WAGE SET
WAGE STRUCTURE
WOMEN WORKERS
WORK HOURS
WORK ORGANIZATION
WORKER
WORKERS
WORKING
WORKING HOURS
WORKING TIME
WORKING WOMEN
WORKPLACE
YOUNG WORKERS
YOUNGER WORKERS
YOUTH EMPLOYMENT




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