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Light Manufacturing in Africa : Targeted Policies to Enhance Private Investment and Create Jobs

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World Bank (WB)

Abstract: The World Bank's strategy for Africa's future recognizes the central importance of industrialization in Sub-Saharan Africa, and the consequent creation of productive jobs for Africans, which have long been a preoccupation of African leaders and policy makers. This book represents an attempt to address these issues. The book stresses that, while the recent turnaround in Africa's economic growth is encouraging, this growth must be accompanied by structural transformation to be sustainable and to create productive employment for its people. For many African countries, this transformation involves lifting workers from low-productivity agriculture and informal sectors into higher productivity activities. Light manufacturing can offer a viable solution for Sub-Saharan Africa, given its potential competitiveness that is based on low wage costs and abundance of natural resources that supply raw materials needed for industries. This study has five features that distinguish it from previous studies. First, the detailed studies on light manufacturing at the subsector and product levels in five countries provide in-depth cost comparisons between Asia and Africa. Second, building on a growing body of work, the report uses a wide array of quantitative and qualitative techniques, including quantitative surveys and value chain analysis, to identify key constraints to enterprises and to evaluate differences in firm performance across countries. Third, the findings that firm constraints vary by country, sector, and firm size led us to adopt a targeted approach to identifying constraints and combining market-based measures and selected government interventions to remove them. Fourth, the solution to light manufacturing problems cuts across many sectors and does not lie only in manufacturing alone. Solving the problem of manufacturing inputs requires solving specific issues in agriculture, education, and infrastructure. Fifth, the report draws on experiences and solutions from other developing countries to inform its recommendations. The report's goal is to find practical ways to increase employment and spur job creation in Sub-Saharan Africa.
Type: Publications & Research :: Publication
Publications & Research :: Publication
Link: 978-0-8213-8961-4
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/2245
Subject: ACCOUNTABILITY
AGRICULTURE
ANALYTICAL APPROACH
ARABLE LAND
AUTOMOBILES
BANK LOANS
BANKS
BARGAINING
BARGAINING POWER
BENCHMARK
BENCHMARKING
BENCHMARKS
BENEFIT ANALYSIS
BORROWING
BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT
BUSINESS ENVIRONMENTS
BUSINESS REGULATIONS
BUSINESS STRATEGY
CAPITAL REQUIREMENTS
CARBON
CERTIFICATE
CHAMBER OF COMMERCE
CLIMATIC CONDITIONS
COMMODITIES
COMMODITY
COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGE
COMPETITIVENESS
CONNECTIVITY
COPYRIGHT
COST OF LIVING
COUNTRY COMPARISONS
CUSTOMS
DEBT
DEMONSTRATION EFFECTS
DEPOSITS
DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS
E-MAIL
ECONOMIC ACTIVITY
ECONOMIC CONDITIONS
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
ECONOMIC GROWTH
ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE
ECONOMIC STRUCTURE
ECONOMIES OF SCALE
EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES
ENTERPRISE SURVEY
ENTERPRISE SURVEYS
ENTREPRENEURIAL SKILLS
ENVIRONMENTS
EQUIPMENT
EXPLOITATION
EXPORT GROWTH
EXPORT MARKET
EXPORT MARKETS
EXPORT OPPORTUNITIES
EXPORTS
FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS
FINANCIAL SUPPORT
FISCAL POLICIES
FISHING
FIXED PRICES
FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT
FOREIGN EXCHANGE
FOREIGN INVESTMENTS
FUTURE STUDIES
GDP
GDP PER CAPITA
GLOBAL ECONOMY
GLOBAL MARKET
GLOBAL MARKETS
GOVERNMENT INTERVENTION
GOVERNMENT POLICY
GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT
HOUSING
HUMAN RESOURCE
IMPORT TARIFFS
INCOME
INDUSTRIAL BASE
INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT
INDUSTRIAL ECONOMY
INDUSTRIAL STRUCTURE
INDUSTRIALIZATION
INEXPERIENCED WORKERS
INFLATION
INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
INNOVATION
INPUT PRICES
INSPECTION
INSTITUTION
INSURANCE
JOB CREATION
LABOR COSTS
LABOR DISPUTES
LABOR EFFICIENCY
LABOR FORCE
LABOR LEGISLATION
LABOR PRODUCTIVITY
LABOR RELATIONS
LAND PRICES
LAND USE
LAWS
LEGISLATION
LICENSES
LIMITED ACCESS
LOCAL GOVERNMENT
LOCAL GOVERNMENTS
LOGGING
MACROECONOMIC STABILITY
MANAGERIAL SKILLS
MANUFACTURING
MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES
MARKET INFORMATION
MARKET LIBERALIZATION
MARKET SHARE
MARKETING
MATERIAL
MEDIUM ENTERPRISES
METALS
MIGRATION
MONOPOLIES
NATURAL RESOURCES
NEW ENTRANTS
OCCUPATIONS
OIL
ONE-STOP SHOPS
OPEN ECONOMIES
OUTPUTS
PAYOUTS
PDF
PENALTIES
PENSION PLANS
PER CAPITA INCOME
PHOTO
PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE
POLICY MAKERS
POLITICAL ECONOMY
PRICE CONTROLS
PRIVATE INVESTMENT
PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS
PRIVATE SECTOR
PRIVATE SECTOR DEVELOPMENT
PRIVATE SECTOR INVESTMENTS
PRODUCERS
PRODUCTION COSTS
PRODUCTIVITY
PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH
PROVEN RESERVES
PURCHASING POWER
QUALITY MANAGEMENT
QUERIES
RENT SEEKING
RESULT
RESULTS
RETAIL TRADE
SAFETY
SAFETY NET
SAFETY NETS
SAVINGS
SEARCH
SKILLED LABOR
SKILLED WORKERS
SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT
STRUCTURAL CHANGE
SUBSIDIARY
SUPERVISION
SUPPLIERS
SUPPLY CHAIN
SUSTAINABLE GROWTH
TAX REVENUE
TAX REVENUES
TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE
TECHNICAL SKILLS
TECHNICAL SUPPORT
TECHNICAL TRAINING
TELECOMMUNICATIONS
TELEPHONE
TIMBER
TIME FRAME
TRADE LIBERALIZATION
TRAINING COSTS
TRANSACTION
TRANSACTION COSTS
TRANSPORT
UNEMPLOYMENT
UNSKILLED WORKERS
USES
VALUE ADDED
VALUE CHAIN
VALUE CHAINS
WAGE RATES
WAGES
WAN
WEB
WILLINGNESS TO PAY




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