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Does the Middle East and North Africa Region Experience 'Conflict Traps'?

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World Bank (WB)

Abstract: The 2011 World Development Report (WDR) on 'Conflict, Security and Development' has reaffirmed global research that conflict is in many respects a self-perpetuating cycle. Put simply, factors related to the onset of conflict are reinforced by ensuing violence trapping countries in a cycle which is hard to break, with ominous implications for development assistance. The best known exposition of the conflict trap is based on economic factors. Collier et al. wrote in 2003 that a 'country that first falls into the trap may have a risk of new war that is 10 times higher just after that war has ended than before the war started. If the country succeeds in maintaining post-conflict peace for ten years or so, the risk is considerably reduced, but remains at a higher level than before the conflict'. According to this 2003 study, war not only erodes and complicates economic conditions, it also allows particular groups to accumulate wealth and, hence, gain a financial stake in continued or renewed violence. As the 2011 WDR itself suggests, some of the most integral drivers of conflict and fragility may relate to institutions and the quality of governance.
Type: Publications & Research :: Brief
Publications & Research
Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10986/10892
Subject: ARMED CONFLICT
BUREAUCRATIC QUALITY
CITIZENS
CIVIL LIBERTIES
CIVIL SOCIETY
CIVIL WAR
CONFLICT
CONFLICT COUNTRIES
CONFLICT RISK
CORRUPTION
DEMOCRACY
DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE
ECONOMIC CONDITIONS
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
ECONOMIC GROWTH
ECONOMIC POLICIES
ECONOMIC SHOCKS
GOVERNANCE DEFICIT
GOVERNANCE QUALITY
GOVERNANCE RATINGS
INCOME
INSTITUTIONAL QUALITY
INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
LEVELS OF POVERTY
MILITARY INFLUENCE
PEACE
PEACE RESEARCH
PER CAPITA INCOME
POLITICAL CHANGE
POLITICAL CONFLICT
POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS
POLITICAL LEGITIMACY
POLITICAL TRANSITIONS
POOR
POOR GOVERNANCE
POST-CONFLICT
POST-CONFLICT PEACE
PUBLIC SPENDING
REBELLION
RECONSTRUCTION
RECONSTRUCTION &AMP
DEVELOPMENT
RULE OF LAW
SOCIAL CHANGE
SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT
STATISTICAL ANALYSIS
TAX BASE
TAXATION
UNEMPLOYMENT
VIOLENCE
WAR
WORLD DEVELOPMENT
YOUTH




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