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Implementing Energy Efficiency and Demand Side Management : South Africa’s Standard Offer Model

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World Bank (WB)

Abstract: This report evaluates opportunities for South Africa to adopt a low carbon development pathway through a standard offer model. The standard offer aims to: provide customers and energy service companies a predetermined amount for delivered energy or demand savings, allow them to efficiently and rapidly structure and propose energy efficiency and demand side management projects, streamline the project approval process and scale-up project development and implementation, simplify the contracts between the utility and the energy service companies or customers, reduce the burden on the utility staff for project evaluation and processing, provide transparency to project proponents on the payments for delivered savings, facilitate the leveraging of commercial financing for energy efficiency projects, and reduce the utility's risk by making the payments. The report concludes that while South Africa has taken important steps towards implementing key elements of a national mitigation strategy; some practical problems, capacity limitations, and market and institutional barriers have affected the progress to date. The support outlined in this briefing note has helped to diagnose and address some of these limitations and barriers by adapting lessons from international experience to South Africa.
Type: Economic & Sector Work :: Energy-Environment Review
Economic & Sector Work
Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10986/12508
Subject: ACCESS TO ENERGY
ACCESS TO ENERGY SERVICES
AFFORDABLE ENERGY
AIR
ALLOCATION
ALLOWANCE
APPROACH
AVAILABILITY
CALCULATION
CAPITAL COSTS
CARBON
CARBON DIOXIDE
CARBON FINANCE
CLEAN ENERGY
CLEAN TECHNOLOGY
CLIMATE
CLIMATE CHANGE
CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTS
CO
CO2
COAL
COMMERCIAL ENTERPRISES
COMPACT FLUORESCENT LAMPS
CONSUMPTION OF ENERGY
COSTS OF ELECTRICITY
DEMAND FOR ELECTRICITY
DEMAND-SIDE MANAGEMENT
ECONOMIC GROWTH
EFFICIENCY IMPROVEMENT
EFFICIENT EQUIPMENT
EFFICIENT LIGHTING
ELECTRIC UTILITIES
ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION
ELECTRICITY COUNCIL
ELECTRICITY DEMAND
ELECTRICITY INDUSTRY
ELECTRICITY SALES
ELECTRICITY SAVINGS
ELECTRICITY SECTOR
ELECTRICITY SUPPLY
ELECTRICITY SYSTEM
ELECTRICITY TARIFF
ELECTRICITY TARIFFS
EMISSION
EMISSION LEVELS
EMISSIONS
ENERGY BILLS
ENERGY CONSUMPTION
ENERGY CONVERSION
ENERGY COST SAVINGS
ENERGY DEMAND
ENERGY DEVELOPMENT
ENERGY EFFICIENCY
ENERGY EFFICIENCY MEASURES
ENERGY INTENSIVE
ENERGY MANAGEMENT
ENERGY POLICY
ENERGY PRICES
ENERGY RESEARCH
ENERGY SAVINGS
ENERGY SAVINGS PERFORMANCE
ENERGY SECURITY
ENERGY SERVICE
ENERGY SERVICE COMPANY
ENERGY USAGE
ENERGY USE
ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT
ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS
ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY
ESP
FINANCIAL INCENTIVES
FUEL
GAS COMPANY
GENERATING CAPACITY
GENERATION
GENERATION CAPACITY
GHG
GHGS
GREENHOUSE
GREENHOUSE GAS
GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT
HALIDE
HALIDES
HEAT
HEAT PUMPS
INCOME
INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY
JOBS
KILOWATT HOUR
LOAD SHEDDING
MARGINAL ABATEMENT
MERCURY
NUCLEAR ENERGY
NUCLEAR POWER
OIL
PEAK DEMAND
PETROLEUM
POLLUTION
POWER
POWER CRISIS
POWER SHORTAGES
POWER STATIONS
POWER SYSTEM
PRICE INCREASE
REFINERIES
RENEWABLE ENERGY
RENEWABLE ENERGY RESOURCES
RENEWABLE POWER
RENEWABLE POWER PRODUCTION
RENEWABLE RESOURCES
RESIDENTIAL CONSUMERS
RETAIL ELECTRICITY
RETAIL ELECTRICITY SUPPLIERS
RURAL ELECTRIFICATION
SCENARIOS
SODIUM
SOLAR WATER HEATERS
SOLAR WATER HEATING
SUPPLY SIDE
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
SUSTAINABLE ENERGY
TAX REVENUES
UTILITY BILLS
VEHICLE EFFICIENCY




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