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Retaining Teaching Capacity in African Universities : Problems and Prospects

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World Bank (WB)

Abstract: A project was carried out to obtain information on academic staffing in seven African universities, and to analyze the factors influencing academic staff to leave universities in Africa. The report provides detailed analysis and comment on the data, and makes suggestions and recommendations for improvement and policy interventions. The essential factors for improved staff capacity are identified as economic growth and revival, greater autonomy for universities, and the development of diversified sources of funding so as to remove the total dependence of universities on governments for funding. A wide range of staffing policy options are suggested, with the only viable way forward possibly being a "trade-off" between high, competitive salaries, or maintaining existing conditions which provide good leave and travel benefits (in practice as well as theory), a relaxed working environment, and a general lack of accountability. Strong leadership is essential, and reinforced and restructured university personnel offices and programs are crucial. The research environment is vital for viable academic staff recruitment and retention, particularly at the more senior levels, and a number of policy options for the achievement of an improved research environment are proposed. Other areas requiring attention for successful staff retention, in addition to salaries, are a means to obtain housing and vehicles, and an urgent improvement in university facilities.
Type: Publications & Research :: Brief
Publications & Research
Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10986/9994
Subject: ACADEMIC STAFF
ACHIEVEMENT
CAREER
DONOR AGENCIES
ECONOMIC GROWTH
EDUCATION BUDGET
HIGHER EDUCATION
HUMAN RESOURCES
INTERVENTIONS
JOB DESCRIPTIONS
PERSONNEL
PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT
RECRUITMENT
STAFF RECRUITMENT
STAFF STATISTICS
TEACHING
TEACHING STAFF
TURNOVER
TUTORING
UNIVERSITIES HIGHER EDUCATION
UNIVERSITY & COLLEGE TEACHERS
TEACHER SHORTAGES
TEACHER RECRUITMENT
EDUCATIONAL PERSONNEL
PRINCIPLES OF EMPLOYMENT
EMPLOYEE MORALE
TEACHER SALARIES
BRAIN DRAIN




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