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Africa Energy Poverty : G8 Energy Ministers Meeting 2009

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World Bank (WB)

Abstract: Worldwide, about 1.6 billion people lack access to electricity services. There are also large populations without access in the poorer countries of Asia and Latin America, as well as in the rural and peri-urban areas of middle income countries. However large-scale electrification programs that is currently underway in middle income countries and the poor countries of Asia will increase household electricity access more rapidly than in sub-Saharan Africa. Africa has the lowest electrification rate of all the regions at 26 percent of households, meaning that as many as 547 million people are without access to electricity. On current trends less than half of African countries will reach universal access to electricity even by 2050. Without access to electricity services, the poor are deprived of opportunities to improve their living standards and the delivery of health and education services is compromised when electricity is not available in clinics, in schools and in the households of students and teachers. The total financing needs for Africa to resolve the power supply crisis are of the order of approximately US$40 billion per annum or 6.4 percent of region's Gross Domestic Product (GDP). In response to the power crisis, donors have increased their support to the power sector, though more is needed. From the mid-1990s to the mid-2000s, donor assistance for the African power sector averaged no more than US$500 million per year. The private sector will be key to energy access expansion. For example, private sector expertise will be needed to develop the large complex generation and transmission projects (especially cross-border projects) that are necessary and for which a project finance approach will be often the most appropriate. The current global credit crisis poses additional challenges to mobilizing financing for energy infrastructure and especially for projects with perceived higher risk or higher costs. Nevertheless, governments can still access finance in the private markets for sound investments.
Type: Economic & Sector Work :: Energy Study
Economic & Sector Work
Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10986/12673
Subject: ACCESS TO ELECTRICITY
ACCESS TO ENERGY
ACCESS TO GRID ELECTRICITY
ACCESS TO MODERN ENERGY
ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
AFFORDABLE ENERGY
AIR
AIR POLLUTION
AIR QUALITY
APPROACH
AVAILABILITY
BALANCE
BIOGAS
BIOMASS
BIOMASS COMBUSTION
BORDER TRADE
BORDER TRANSMISSION
BOTTOM LINE
CARBON ECONOMY
CARBON EMISSIONS
CARBON ENERGY
CARBON FINANCE
CARBON FOOTPRINT
CARBON MARKET
CARBON TECHNOLOGIES
CLEAN ENERGY
CLEAN FUELS
CLEAN TECHNOLOGY
CLEAN WATER
CLEANER ENERGY
CLIMATE
CLIMATE CHANGE
CLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION
CLIMATE POLICY
CO
CO2
COAL
COLLECTION SYSTEMS
COMPACT FLUORESCENT LAMPS
COMPACT FLUORESCENT LIGHT BULBS
CONNECTED HOUSEHOLDS
COSTS OF ELECTRICITY
CROP PROCESSING
DEFORESTATION
DEMAND FOR POWER
DEMAND MANAGEMENT
DESERTIFICATION
DIESEL
DIESEL GENERATORS
DISTRIBUTION NETWORK
DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS
DROUGHT
ECONOMIC GROWTH
ECOSYSTEM
EFFICIENCY IMPROVEMENT
EFFICIENCY IMPROVEMENTS
EFFICIENT LIGHTING
ELECTRICITY
ELECTRICITY BILLS
ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION
ELECTRICITY DEMAND
ELECTRICITY DISTRIBUTION
ELECTRICITY GENERATION
ELECTRICITY SECTOR
ELECTRICITY SUPPLY
ELECTRICITY USAGE
ELECTRICITY UTILITIES
ELECTRICITY UTILITY
ELECTRIFICATION
EMISSIONS REDUCTIONS
EMPLOYMENT
END-USE
ENERGY AUDITS
ENERGY CONSUMPTION
ENERGY COSTS
ENERGY CROPS
ENERGY DEVELOPMENT
ENERGY EFFICIENCY
ENERGY MARKETS
ENERGY MIX
ENERGY NEEDS
ENERGY OUTLOOK
ENERGY POLICIES
ENERGY POLICY
ENERGY PRICES
ENERGY PRODUCTION
ENERGY RESEARCH
ENERGY SAVINGS
ENERGY SECURITY
ENERGY SERVICE
ENERGY SOURCE
ENERGY SOURCES
ENERGY SUPPLY
ENERGY SYSTEMS
ENERGY USE
ENVIRONMENTAL DAMAGE
ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS
ENVIRONMENTAL RISKS
ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY
FEEDSTOCKS
FOREST
FOREST SERVICE
FOSSIL
FOSSIL FUEL
FUEL
FUEL EFFICIENCY
FUEL SUBSTITUTION
FUEL USE
FUEL WOOD
GASOLINE
GENERATION
GENERATION CAPACITY
GEOTHERMAL DEVELOPMENT
GEOTHERMAL ENERGY
GEOTHERMAL RESOURCES
GHG
GLOBAL EMISSIONS
GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT
GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT FACILITY
GLOBAL GREENHOUSE
GLOBAL GREENHOUSE GAS
GLOBAL GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS
GREENHOUSE
GRID ELECTRICITY
GRID ELECTRICITY SERVICE
GRID ELECTRIFICATION
GRID EXTENSION
GRID RENEWABLE ENERGY
GRID SYSTEMS
HEALTH RISKS
HEAT
HOUSEHOLD ENERGY
HYDRO-POWER
HYDROPOWER
IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE
INCINERATION
INCOME
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY
INVESTMENTS IN ENERGY
INVESTMENTS IN ENERGY INFRASTRUCTURE
KEROSENE
KILOWATT HOUR
KILOWATT-HOUR
LAND DEGRADATION
LAND USE
LANDFILL
LANDFILL SITES
LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS
LIQUID FUELS
LIVING STANDARDS
LOAD SHEDDING
LOW-CARBON
MODERN FUELS
NATURAL DISASTERS
NATURAL FORESTS
NATURAL GAS
NATURAL RESOURCES
NEGATIVE IMPACTS
OIL
OIL PRICE
OIL PRICES
PER CAPITA ENERGY
PER CAPITA ENERGY USE
PETROLEUM
PETROLEUM GAS
PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEMS
PIPELINE
PIPELINE PROJECTS
POWER
POWER CRISIS
POWER DEMAND
POWER GENERATION
POWER GENERATION CAPACITY
POWER GENERATION SYSTEMS
POWER PRODUCER
POWER PRODUCERS
POWER SECTOR
POWER SHORTAGES
POWER SOURCES
POWER SUPPLY
POWER SYSTEM
POWER SYSTEMS
POWER TRADE
POWER UTILITIES
PRECIPITATION
PRIMARY ENERGY
QUALITY ENERGY
QUALITY FUEL
RENEWABLE ENERGY
RENEWABLE ENERGY DEVELOPMENT
RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAM
RENEWABLE ENERGY RESOURCES
RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES
RENEWABLE ENERGY SUPPLY
RENEWABLE ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES
RENEWABLE TECHNOLOGIES
RURAL ELECTRIFICATION
RURAL ENERGY
SAFE DISPOSAL
SMOKE
SOLAR HOME SYSTEMS
SOLAR PANELS
SOLAR RESOURCES
SOLID FUELS
SPACE HEATING
SUPPLY OF ELECTRICITY
SUSTAINABLE ENERGY
TEMPERATURE
THERMAL CAPACITY
TONS OF CARBON
TRADITIONAL FUEL
TRADITIONAL FUELS
TRANSMISSION CAPACITY
TRANSMISSION INFRASTRUCTURE
TURBINE
UNEP
URBAN POPULATION
UTILITIES
VEHICLES
WATER QUALITY
WIND
WORLD ENERGY
WORLD ENERGY OUTLOOK




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