African Knowledge Base(AKB) Platform
Integrated Essential Digital Resources on Africa

Growth, Distribution, and Poverty in Africa : Messages from the 1990s

There are no files associated with this item.
Appears in Collections:
World Bank (WB)

Abstract: Christiaensen, Demery, and Paternostro review recent evidence on the trends in household well-being in Africa during the 1990s. They draw on the findings of a series of studies on poverty dynamics that use the better data sets now available. The authors begin by taking a broad view of poverty, tracing changes in both income poverty and in other more direct measures of individual welfare. Experiences have been varied: several countries have seen a sharp decline in poverty, while some have witnessed a marked increase. Yet, in the aggregate, economic growth has been pro-poor. Nonetheless, the aggregate numbers also hide significant and systematic distributional effects which have caused some groups to be left behind. The authors draw four key conclusions: Economic policy reforms (improving macroeconomic balances and liberalizing markets) have been conducive to reducing poverty. Market connectedness is key for the poor to benefit from new opportunities generated by economic growth. Some population groups and regions, by virtue of their sheer remoteness, have been left behind when growth picks up. Education and access to land further condition the extent to which households can benefit from economic opportunities and escape poverty. Finally, rainfall variations and ill health are found to have profound effects on poverty outcomes in Africa underscoring the significance of social protection in a poverty reduction strategy.
Type: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
Publications & Research
Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10986/14819
Subject: HOUSEHOLD WELFARE INDICATORS; POVERTY MEASUREMENT; ECONOMIC GROWTH; ECONOMIC POLICY; MARKET LIBERALIZATION; MACROECONOMIC STABILITY; VULNERABLE GROUPS; ACCESS TO LAND; EDUCATIONAL LEVEL; RAINFALL MEASUREMENT; SOCIAL PROTECTION SYSTEMS; ACCESS TO HEALTH SERVICES; HEALTH STATISTICS; LIVING STANDARDS INDICATORS; INCOME LEVELS; MALNUTRITION; HUMAN DEVELOPMENT; POVERTY INCIDENCE; MACROECONOMIC REFORM; POVERTY REDUCTION; INSTITUTIONAL CHANGE; INCOME DISTRIBUTION ADVERSE EFFECTS
AGGREGATE LEVEL
ASSET INDEX
BUREAUCRACY
BUREAUCRATIC QUALITY
CONSUMPTION DISTRIBUTION
CONSUMPTION INEQUALITY
CONSUMPTION POVERTY
CORRUPTION
COUNTRY ESTIMATES
COUNTRY SPECIFIC
DATA SETS
DEMOCRATIC ACCOUNTABILITY
DEVELOPMENT INDICATORS
DISTRIBUTIONAL CHANGE
ECONOMIC DECLINE
ECONOMIC GROWTH
ECONOMIC MANAGEMENT
ECONOMIC POLICY
ECONOMIC RECESSION
ECONOMIC REFORM
ECONOMIC WELFARE
EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE
ESCAPE POVERTY
EXCHANGE RATE
EXCHANGE RATE POLICY
EXPLAINING CHANGES
EXTERNAL SHOCKS
FOOD CONSUMPTION
FOOD NEEDS
GINI COEFFICIENT
GINI INDEX
GOOD GOVERNANCE
GROWTH
GROWTH PATH
GROWTH RATE
GROWTH REGRESSIONS
HEAD-COUNT RATIO
HEADCOUNT POVERTY
HEALTH SURVEYS
HIGH INEQUALITY
HOUSEHOLD CONSUMPTION
HOUSEHOLD DATA
HOUSEHOLD EXPENDITURES
HOUSEHOLD LEVEL
HOUSEHOLD SURVEY
HUMAN CAPITAL
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
INCOME
INCOME DATA
INCOME DISTRIBUTION
INCOME GROUPS
INCOME INEQUALITY
INCOME POVERTY
INCOME QUINTILES
INCREASING INEQUALITY
INEQUALITY
INEQUALITY MEASURES
INFANT MORTALITY
INSTITUTIONAL CHANGE
INSTITUTIONAL ENVIRONMENT
INSTITUTIONAL QUALITY
INTERNATIONAL TRADE
LIVING STANDARDS
LONG TERM
MACROECONOMIC POLICY
MEAN CONSUMPTION
MEAN EXPENDITURE
MEAN INCOMES
NATIONAL INCOME
NUTRITION
POLICY REFORMS
POLICY RESEARCH
POLICY STANCE
POLITICAL INSTABILITY
POLITICAL REFORMS
POLITICAL STABILITY
POOR HOUSEHOLDS
POOR PEOPLE
POPULATION GROUPS
POVERTY CHANGE
POVERTY DYNAMICS
POVERTY GAP
POVERTY HEADCOUNT
POVERTY IMPACT
POVERTY INCREASE
POVERTY LINE
POVERTY LINES
POVERTY MEASURE
POVERTY OUTCOMES
POVERTY REDUCTION
POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY
POVERTY TRENDS
PRIMARY SCHOOL
PRIVATE CONSUMPTION
PRO-POOR
PRO-POOR GROWTH
PUBLIC SERVICES
REDUCING POVERTY
RELATIVE IMPORTANCE
RULE OF LAW
SOCIAL PROTECTION
STATE INTERVENTION
TERMS OF TRADE
TRADE LIBERALIZATION
UNEQUAL DISTRIBUTION
URBAN CENTERS
WELFARE MEASURE




Country City Visitors