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Analysis of Community Forest Management in Madagascar

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World Bank (WB)

Abstract: The major role tropical forests play in biodiversity and climate change has led the world to search for effective ways to slow down deforestation. Community forest management (CFM) is an example of the broader concept of community-based natural resources management (CBNRM). As part of the decentralization policy in many countries, mainly in Africa and Asia, CFM was expected to promote: (i) a more effective stewardship of the resources by involving the local communities in the management of the resources, and (ii) a more locally-driven development with them tapping most of the derived benefits. The precursors of CBNRM and CFM in Madagascar are the centrally-led compensation-based mechanisms to conservation. Madagascar is one of the first countries in the southern hemisphere to have put in place a legal framework for CBNRM and CFM. The CBNRM implementation process starts with the creation of a local natural resources management group. The government has identified the protection of natural capital and the harnessing of its value as a key pillar in its national development plan for 2015-2019. The plan identifies poor governance as a major constraint to achieving the country’s development objectives. It puts strong emphasis on the roles of both natural capital and the necessity for a more inclusive economy to achieve sustainable development. This report will help the Bank take stock of the nearly two-decades of implementation of the national environmental action plan and provide nation-wide facts that will inform future investment in renewable natural resources management, biodiversity conservation and poverty reduction, and local development in the future. The present work is targeted to decision makers and stakeholders involved in CFM policy with the objective of taking stock of almost 20 years of implementation and advise on future directions in policy formulation. The report is organized as follows: section one presents community forest management (CFM) in Madagascar. Section two provides the result of an impact evaluation analysis conducted on the application of CFM policy. Section three provides an analysis of the legal and institutional aspects of the application of CFM policy in Madagascar. Section four presents recommendations for the short, medium, and longer term. Section five concludes.
Type: Working Paper
Publications & Research :: Working Paper
Publications & Research
Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10986/23348
Subject: NATIONAL ACCOUNTING
LAND CLEARING
WOOD
CONSERVATION ACTIVITIES
CONSUMPTION EXPENDITURES
FOREST DEGRADATION
FISH
FOREST ADMINISTRATION
ECONOMIC INCENTIVES
DURABLE GOODS
ECONOMIC GROWTH
RENEWABLE RESOURCES
ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION
ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION
FOREST DEPARTMENT
FOREST MANAGEMENT
ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT
USE OF FORESTS
REDUCING EMISSIONS
CARBON
FOREST CONSERVATION
AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
CONSERVATION AGENCIES
EXPECTATIONS
WILDLIFE CONSERVATION
DEFORESTATION RATES
RESEARCH AGENDA
PRODUCERS
RESOURCE MANAGEMENT
PROPERTY RIGHTS
FINANCIAL RESOURCES
TIMBER
EMISSIONS
REVENUES
SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENT
FOREST AREAS
COMMUNITY FOREST MANAGEMENT
INCENTIVES
MODELS
EMPIRICAL STUDIES
PRIVATE PROPERTY
NATIONAL FOREST FUND
LAND TENURE
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
CONSERVATION STRATEGY
CONDITIONALITY
FOREST LAW
BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY
RESOURCE USE
EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS
FOREST USER
WILDLIFE
FOREST PRODUCTS
EXPLOITATION
OIL
WELFARE EFFECTS
LAND TENURE SECURITY
NATURAL CAPITAL
POPULATION GROWTH
DEGRADED ECOSYSTEM
MANAGED FORESTS
SOIL EROSION
OPTIONS
BIODIVERSITY
QUOTAS
NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT
SUSTAINABLE FORESTRY
FORESTRY
TROPICAL FORESTS
TIMBER PRODUCTS
LAND RESOURCES
FOREST RESOURCES
POLICY DECISIONS
NATURAL RESOURCES
EFFICIENCY
FISHING
CARBON EMISSIONS
TAXES
ACCESS TO INFORMATION
LAND USE
RESOURCES
ENERGY CONSUMPTION
EQUITY
CONSUMPTION
ECOSYSTEM
RURAL COMMUNITIES
CONTINUOUS MONITORING
ENVIRONMENTAL CONSERVATION
FORESTRY POLICY
CLIMATE CHANGE
AGRICULTURAL INTENSIFICATION
ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY
ECONOMIC BEHAVIOR
ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT
FOREST COVER
VALUES
LAND USE PLANNING
CREDIT
DEFORESTATION
TRAGEDY OF THE COMMONS
FORESTS
SUSTAINABLE USE
MINES
ENDANGERED SPECIES
AGRICULTURE
EXPENDITURES
PROPERTY
AGRICULTURAL LAND
ENVIRONMENTAL VALUES
FOREST
LOGGING
DECISION MAKING
NATURAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT
OPPORTUNITY COSTS
ENVIRONMENT
HUNTING
ECONOMICS
COMMON PROPERTY
FISHERIES
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
DEGRADATION
TRADE
EROSION
LAND
FOREST COMMUNITY
DRINKING WATER
NATURAL RESOURCE
FOREST PROTECTION
PUBLIC PARTICIPATION
FARMS
SUSTAINABLE EXPLOITATION
TIMBER FOREST PRODUCTS
ECOLOGY
REVENUE
LIVING CONDITIONS
ECOSYSTEM HEALTH
FOREST FUND
PASTURES
FOREST LAWS
ECOLOGICAL ECONOMICS
COMMUNITY FOREST
PROFITS
ENVIRONMENTAL
PUBLIC GOOD
BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION
WETLANDS
PRICES
FORESTS MANAGEMENT
ECONOMIC CONDITIONS




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