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Inclusion and Resilience : The Way Forward for Social Safety Nets in the Middle East and North Africa, OVERVIEW

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World Bank (WB)

Abstract: The report aims to meet two broad objectives: (a) enhance knowledge about the current state of existing social safety nets (SSNs) and assess their effectiveness in responding to new and emerging challenges to the poor and vulnerable in the region by bringing together new evidence, data, and country-specific analysis; and (b) open up and inform a debate on feasible policy options to make SSNs in the Middle East and North Africa more effective and innovative. First chapter, 'a framework for SSN reform,' describes and illustrates the reasons for the region's growing need for SSN reform and establishes the framework for renewed SSNs. It identifies key goals for SSNs (promoting social inclusion, livelihood, and resilience) and illustrates how these goals have been achieved in some parts of the region and elsewhere. Second chapter, 'key challenges that call for renewed SSNs,' analyzes the challenges facing the region's poor and vulnerable households, which SSNs could focus on as a priority. Two large groups are at higher-than-average poverty risk: children and those who live in rural or lagging areas. The chapter examines factors such as inequality of opportunities and lack of access to services that can perpetuate the lower human development outcomes among the poor in these groups. It also describes the challenge of vulnerability. Finally, it identifies particular social groups that are at a higher risk of exclusion from access to services and employment. Third chapter, 'the current state of SSNs in the Middle East and North Africa,' analyzes SSN spending and assesses different aspects of the SSN systems' performance. Fourth chapter, 'the political economy of SSN reforms in the Middle East and North Africa: what do citizens want?' presents new evidence on citizens' preferences concerning redistribution and SSN design, using newly collected data. It also discusses how political economy considerations could be taken into account in designing renewed SSNs in the region. Fifth chapter, 'the way forward: how to make safety nets in the Middle East and North Africa more effective and innovative,' proposes an agenda for reform and the path for moving forward, using global experience and the evidence presented in the preceding chapters.
Type: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Social Protection Study
Economic & Sector Work
Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10986/12261
Subject: ABSOLUTE POVERTY
ACCESS TO FOOD
ACCESS TO SERVICES
ACCESS TO TECHNOLOGY
ACCOUNTABILITY
ADMINISTRATIVE COSTS
BANK BRANCHES
BENEFICIARIES
BENEFICIARY
BENEFIT LEVELS
BREAD SUBSIDY
CASH BENEFITS
CASH TRANSFER
CASH TRANSFER PROGRAM
CASH TRANSFERS
CHILD HEALTH
CHILD POVERTY
CHRONIC POVERTY
CLEAN WATER
COMMUNITY ASSETS
CONDITIONAL CASH
CONSUMER GOODS
COPING MECHANISMS
COPING STRATEGIES
CORRELATES OF POVERTY
CROWDING OUT
DECENTRALIZATION
DECLINE IN POVERTY
DECLINE IN POVERTY RATES
DROUGHT
ECONOMIC CRISIS
ECONOMIC GROWTH
ECONOMIC SHOCKS
ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA
EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE
EMPLOYMENT PROGRAMS
ENERGY SUBSIDIES
FEE WAIVERS
FEMALE PARTICIPATION
FINANCIAL CRISIS
FOOD RATION
FOOD SUBSIDIES
HEALTH BENEFITS
HEALTH CARDS
HEALTH INSURANCE
HEALTH SERVICES
HIGH INEQUALITY
HIGH UNEMPLOYMENT RATES
HOUSEHOLD SURVEY
HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS
HOUSING
HUMAN CAPITAL
HUMAN CAPITAL FORMATION
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX
HUMAN RESOURCES
IMPACT ON POVERTY
INCOME
INCOME INEQUALITY
INCOME QUINTILE
INCOME SUPPORT
INEQUALITY
INFORMAL EMPLOYMENT
INFORMAL SAFETY NETS
INSURANCE
INSURANCE SCHEMES
INVENTORY
LABOR INTENSIVE WORKS
MALNOURISHED CHILDREN
MALNUTRITION
MEANS TEST
MEANS TESTING
MICRO-CREDIT
NATIONAL POVERTY
NATIONAL POVERTY LINE
NATIONAL POVERTY LINES
NATURAL DISASTERS
NEEDY FAMILIES
NUTRITION PROGRAM
PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTION
PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES
POLITICAL ECONOMY
POOR
POOR ADULTS
POOR CHILDREN
POOR FAMILIES
POOR HOUSEHOLD
POOR HOUSEHOLDS
POOR PERSON
POORER FAMILIES
POVERTY IMPACT
POVERTY LINE
POVERTY LINES
POVERTY RATE
POVERTY RATES
POVERTY REDUCTION
POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY
POVERTY RISK
PREVENTIVE CARE
PRICE SUBSIDIES
PRODUCTIVITY
PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION
PURCHASING POWER
REDISTRIBUTIVE POLICIES
REGIONAL AVERAGES
REGIONAL WORKSHOPS
RESPONSE TO CRISES
RURAL
RURAL AREAS
RURAL POVERTY
RURAL POVERTY RATES
RURAL RESIDENTS
SAFETY NET SYSTEMS
SAVINGS
SCHOOL ATTENDANCE
SCHOOL ENROLLMENT
SEWAGE
SHOCK
SKILLS TRAINING
SOCIAL BENEFITS
SOCIAL CONTRACT
SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT
SOCIAL PROTECTION
SOCIAL SAFETY NET
SOCIAL SAFETY NETS
SOCIAL SECURITY
SOCIAL SERVICES
SOCIAL WELFARE
SSN
SUBSIDIZATION
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
TARGETED TRANSFERS
TARGETING
TEMPORARY ASSISTANCE
TEMPORARY EMPLOYMENT
TEMPORARY SUPPORT
TRANSFER PROGRAM
TRANSFER PROGRAMS
UNEMPLOYMENT
UNIVERSAL SUBSIDIES
VOUCHERS
VULNERABILITY TO POVERTY
VULNERABLE CITIZENS
VULNERABLE FAMILIES
VULNERABLE GROUPS
VULNERABLE HOUSEHOLDS
VULNERABLE MEMBERS
VULNERABLE POPULATIONS
WELFARE DISTRIBUTION
WORKFARE
WORKS AGENCY
ZAKAT




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