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Reducing Vulnerability and Increasing Opportunity : Social Protection in the Middle East and North Africa

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World Bank (WB)

Abstract: Despite social, and economic diversity within the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region, social protection systems share common characteristics. This report develops a framework for a more integrated approach to social protection, and proposes general strategic lines of actions to guide the reform of social protection systems in the MENA region. It argues that, while during the 1970s and 1980s, economic growth rates outweighed growth rates in other regions, and social indicators improved dramatically, the model of development was not sustainable. It further, discusses key features, and major weaknesses of the social protection systems in the MENA countries, by defining an alternative framework for social protection. However, it also argues that traditional social protection schemes, cannot constitute the sole mechanism to protect vulnerable population groups, help the poor, or increase social welfare. Actions outside the traditional social protection system, suggest promoting prudent macroeconomic management, improving governance, rethinking regulatory institutions, and reforming education, and health systems. Concurrently, actions within the traditional social protection system, include improvements in the financial sustainability of social insurance systems, reforming training systems, and designing safety nets as developmental, and community-based, not just assistance, and centrally administered schemes.
Type: Publications & Research :: Publication
Publications & Research :: Publication
Link: 0-8213-5145-1
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/14255
Subject: ADVERSE EFFECTS
ADVERSE SHOCKS
AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
AGRICULTURAL SECTOR
BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT
CAPITAL FLOWS
CAPITAL MARKETS
CASH TRANSFERS
CHARITABLE CONTRIBUTIONS
CHILD LABOR
CIVIL SERVICE
CIVIL SOCIETY
COMMODITIES
COPING MECHANISMS
DELIVERY MECHANISMS
DEPENDENCY RATIO
DEVELOPMENT INDICATORS
DEVELOPMENT NETWORK
DEVELOPMENT PRACTITIONERS
DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME
ECONOMIC ACTIVITY
ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS
ECONOMIC CRISES
ECONOMIC GROWTH
ECONOMIC MANAGEMENT
EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT
EMPLOYMENT
EXCHANGE RATES
EXTERNAL SHOCKS
FINANCIAL MARKETS
FISCAL POLICIES
FISCAL POLICY
FOOD SUBSIDIES
GNP
HEALTH EXPENDITURES
HEALTH INSURANCE
HIGH UNEMPLOYMENT
HOUSEHOLD INCOME
HUMAN CAPITAL
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
IMPORTS
INCOME HOUSEHOLDS
INCOME INEQUALITY
INCREASED EMPHASIS
INCREASED RISKS
INSURANCE SYSTEMS
INTEREST RATES
INTERNATIONAL LABOUR
INTERNATIONAL POVERTY LINES
LABOR FORCE
LABOR MARKET
LABOR MARKETS
LABOR PRODUCTIVITY
LEVEL PLAYING FIELD
LIFE EXPECTANCY
MACROECONOMIC MANAGEMENT
MACROECONOMIC POLICIES
MACROECONOMIC STABILITY
MANDATES
MARKET DISTORTIONS
MICROFINANCE
MIGRATION
MORTALITY
NATIONAL AVERAGE
NATIONAL POLICIES
NATIONAL POVERTY
NATIONAL POVERTY LINES
NATURAL DISASTERS
NONGOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS
OIL
OIL PRICES
OIL RESERVES
OLD-AGE INSURANCE
PENSION SYSTEM
PENSIONS
POOR COMMUNITIES
POPULATION GROUPS
POPULATION GROWTH
POPULATION SIZE
POVERTY GAP
POVERTY INDICATORS
POVERTY REDUCTION
PRIORITY AREAS
PRIVATE SECTOR
PRIVATE SECTORS
PRIVATIZATION
PRODUCTIVITY
PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH
PUBLIC ENTERPRISES
PUBLIC EXPENDITURES
PUBLIC POLICY
PUBLIC SECTOR
PUBLIC TRANSFERS
RETIREMENT
RISK FACTORS
RISK MANAGEMENT
RISK MANAGEMENT MECHANISMS
RISK MITIGATION
RISK REDUCTION
RURAL POPULATION
SAFETY NET
SAFETY NET PROGRAMS
SAFETY NETS
SAVINGS
SKILLED WORKERS
SMALL FARMERS
SOCIAL ASSISTANCE
SOCIAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS
SOCIAL CAPITAL
SOCIAL EXPENDITURES
SOCIAL INSURANCE
SOCIAL INVESTMENT
SOCIAL PROTECTION
SOCIAL PROTECTION MECHANISMS
SOCIAL PROTECTION STRATEGY
SOCIAL PROTECTION SYSTEMS
SOCIAL RISK
SOCIAL RISK MANAGEMENT
SOCIAL RISK MANAGEMENT FRAMEWORK
SOCIAL RISKS
SOCIAL SAFETY NETS
SOCIAL SECTORS
SOCIAL SECURITY
SOCIAL SERVICES
SOCIAL WELFARE
STRUCTURAL ADJUSTMENT
STRUCTURAL REFORM
STRUCTURAL REFORMS
SUBSIDIARY
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
SUSTAINABLE GROWTH
TRADE LIBERALIZATION
TRANSFER PROGRAMS
TRANSPORT
UNEMPLOYMENT
UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE
UNEMPLOYMENT RATE
UNEMPLOYMENT RATES
URBANIZATION
VULNERABLE GROUPS
WAGE SUBSIDY
WAGES
WATER RESOURCES
WATER SUPPLY
WELFARE LOSSES SOCIAL PROTECTION SYSTEMS
SOCIOECONOMIC INDICATORS
REGIONAL DISPARITY
INTEGRATED APPROACH
LABOR MARKET POLICY
SOCIAL INSURANCE PROGRAMS
SOCIAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS
SOCIAL REFORM
POLICY FRAMEWORK
ECONOMIC GROWTH
SOCIAL INDICATORS
SOCIAL WELFARE
MACROECONOMIC PLANNING
PRUDENTIAL REGULATIONS
GOVERNANCE APPROACH
INSTITUTIONAL REFORM
REGULATORY FRAMEWORK
EDUCATIONAL REFORM
HEALTH REFORM
FINANCIAL STABILITY
SOCIAL INSURANCE PROGRAMS
TRAINING ASSISTANCE
SOCIAL SAFETY NETS
COMMUNITY-BASED METHOD




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