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Assessing Benefit Portability for International Migrant Workers : A Review of the Belgium-Morocco Bilateral Social Security Agreement

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World Bank (WB)

Abstract: The portability of social benefits is gaining importance given the increasing share of individuals working at least part of their life outside their home country. Bilateral social security agreements (BSSAs) are considered a crucial approach to establishing portability, but the functionality and effectiveness of these agreements have not yet been investigated; thus, important guidance for policy makers in migrant-sending and migrant-receiving countries is missing. To shed light on how BSSAs work in practice, this document is part of a series providing information and lessons from studies of portability in four diverse but comparable migration corridors: Austria-Turkey, Germany-Turkey, Belgium-Morocco, and France-Morocco. A summary policy paper draws broader conclusions and offers overarching policy recommendations. This report looks specifically into the working of the Belgium-Morocco corridor. Findings suggest that the BSSA is broadly working well, with no main substantive issues in the area of pension portability, except for the non-portability of the noncontributory top-up pension and issues with widows’ pensions in case of divorce and repudiation, and in health care, the pending introduction of portable health care for retirees with single pensions from the other country. Process issues around information provision in Morocco and automation of information exchange are recognized.
Type: Working Paper
Publications & Research
Publications & Research :: Working Paper
Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10986/24732
Subject: ACCESS TO HEALTH CARE
LABOR MIGRANTS
RISKS
UNEMPLOYMENT RATES
ECONOMIC GROWTH
LOCAL AUTHORITIES
WORKING-AGE POPULATION
NATIONAL LAW
REPRESENTATIVES FROM MINISTRIES
MIGRATION POLICY
SPOUSE
OPPORTUNITIES FOR WOMEN
QUALITY OF HEALTH CARE
FAMILY STRUCTURE
EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES
HEALTH CARE REFORM
POPULATION FACTS
LABOR FORCE
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
HEALTH INSURANCE
DISCRIMINATION
IMMIGRANTS
HEALTH CARE
DEATH
RETURNEES
LEGAL STATUS
RETURN MIGRATION
FAMILY MEMBERS
HEALTH
INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES
NUMBER OF PEOPLE
VULNERABILITY
POPULATION SIZE
OLD-AGE
SPOUSES
SAFETY NETS
HOSPITALIZATION
KNOWLEDGE
INTERNATIONAL COVENANT
INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
LABOR MARKET
PUBLIC INFORMATION
DISEASES
TRAINING
NATIONAL LEGISLATION
PATIENTS
EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT
INTERVENTION
LOW-INCOME COUNTRIES
HOST COUNTRIES
FAMILY REUNIFICATION
AGING
MIGRATION
HEALTH CARE SERVICES
OBSERVATION
MODERNIZATION
MARRIAGE
SOCIAL SECURITY
OLD- AGE
SERVICE DELIVERY
MIGRANTS
NUMBER OF PERSONS
HEALTH CARE SYSTEM
OCCUPATIONAL DISEASE
MIGRATION FLOWS
UNEMPLOYMENT
CHILDBIRTH
MULTILATERAL AGREEMENTS
MIGRANT
FOOD SECURITY
WORKERS
SURGERY
POLICIES
LACK OF HEALTH CARE
POLYGAMY
KNOWLEDGE BASE
PENSIONS
DIVORCE
POLICY MAKERS
POLICY DOCUMENT
SOCIAL POLICY
PURCHASING POWER
SAFETY NET
INTERNATIONAL MIGRANT
URBAN AREAS
GLOBAL POPULATION
SOVEREIGNTY
MIGRANT WORKERS
MEASUREMENT
REFUGEES
DISSOLUTION OF MARRIAGE
POPULATIONS
MIGRANT-SENDING COUNTRIES
INTERNATIONAL AGREEMENTS
BULLETIN
NATIONALS
EXCHANGE OF INFORMATION
POLICY
CITIZENS
SOCIAL POLICIES
INTERNATIONAL MIGRANTS
MIGRATION POLICIES
LEGAL MIGRANTS
NUMBER OF WORKERS
SOCIAL AFFAIRS
SOCIAL SECTORS
SEX
HUMAN RIGHTS
ECONOMICS OF IMMIGRATION
ECONOMIC INTEGRATION
CHILDREN
CITIZENSHIP
WAR
WORLD POPULATION
HOST COUNTRY
NUMBER OF CHILDREN
ILLNESS
TREATY
IMMIGRATION
DISABILITY
POPULATION
LABOR SUPPLY
INTERNATIONAL LAW
STRATEGY
HOME COUNTRIES
MIGRATION FLOW
REGISTRATION
FAMILIES
WOMEN
REMITTANCES
QUALITATIVE INFORMATION
UNDOCUMENTED IMMIGRANTS
RECIPIENT COUNTRY
IMPLEMENTATION
CULTURAL RIGHTS




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