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South-South Migration and the Labor Market : Evidence from South Africa

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World Bank (WB)

Abstract: Using census data for 1996, 2001 and 2007 the authors study the labor market effect of immigration in South Africa. In this period the share of foreign born over the total population has grown by almost fifty percent, and both the characteristics and geographical distribution of immigrants show substantial variation over time. The author exploit these features of the data to carry out an analysis that combines both the 'spatial correlation' approach pioneered by card (1990) and the variation across schooling and experience groups used by Borjas (2003). The author estimate that increased immigration has a negative effect on natives employment outcomes, but not on total income. Furthermore, we find that skilled South Africans appear to be the most negatively affected subgroup of the population.
Type: Working Paper
Publications & Research :: Working Paper
Publications & Research
Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10986/27389
Subject: AGE GROUP
BRAIN DRAIN
CENSUSES
CIVIL CONFLICT
COLLEGE EDUCATION
COLLEGE GRADUATE
COLLEGE GRADUATES
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN
DEMAND CURVE
DEMOCRACY
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS
DISTRIBUTION
DOMESTIC WORKERS
ECONOMIC GROWTH
ECONOMICS
EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT
EMPLOYEES
EMPLOYMENT
EMPLOYMENT EFFECT
EMPLOYMENT EFFECTS
EMPLOYMENT OUTCOMES
EMPLOYMENT RATE
EMPLOYMENT STATUS
FOREIGN POLICY
FOREIGN WORKERS
HIGH SCHOOL EDUCATION
HIV
HOST COUNTRY
HUMAN RESOURCES
HUMAN RIGHTS
IMMIGRANT
IMMIGRANTS
IMMIGRATION
IMMIGRATION ACT
IMMIGRATION LAWS
IMMIGRATION POLICY
INCOME
INFORMATION
INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
JOB
JOB OPPORTUNITIES
KNOWLEDGE
LABOR
LABOR DEMAND
LABOR FORCE
LABOR FORCE POPULATION
LABOR MARKET
LABOR MARKET EXPERIENCE
LABOR MARKET IMPACT
LABOR MARKET OUTCOME
LABOR MARKET OUTCOMES
LABOR MARKET RIGIDITIES
LABOR MIGRATION
LABOR RELATIONS
LABOR SUPPLY
LABOR UNIONS
LABORERS
LABOUR
LEGAL IMMIGRANTS
LEVEL OF EDUCATION
LOCAL LABOR MARKET
LOCAL LABOR MARKETS
MALE LABOR FORCE
MALE WORKERS
MARKET STUDIES
MIGRANT
MIGRANT WORKERS
MOVEMENT OF PEOPLE
NATIVE WORKERS
NUMBER OF MIGRANTS
OCCUPATIONS
POLICIES
POLICY
POLICY BRIEF
POLICY FRAMEWORK
PRICE
PRIMARY EDUCATION
PRODUCTION
PUBLIC POLICY
RACISM
REFUGEES
REMITTANCES
REPATRIATION
SECONDARY EDUCATION
SELF EMPLOYED
SELF EMPLOYED INDIVIDUALS
SKILL GROUP
SKILL GROUPS
SKILL LEVEL
SKILL SHORTAGES
SKILLED LABOR
SKILLED WORKERS
STANDARDS
STOCK
SUBSTITUTES
TOLERANCE
TOTAL EMPLOYMENT
TOTAL LABOR FORCE
TRANSPORTATION
UNEMPLOYMENT
UNEMPLOYMENT RATES
VALUE
WAGES
WARS
WOMEN
WORKER
WORKERS
WORKFORCE




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