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Unlocking the Employment Potential in the Middle East and North Africa : Toward a New Social Contract

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World Bank (WB)

Abstract: The book focuses on the future prosperity of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region, which together with other companion volumes-on trade and investment, governance, and gender-contributes to ongoing debates, and dialogues about development in the region, and the development challenges that would allow it to unlock its rich potential for prosperity. Through an introduction to the labor market outcomes in the post-World War Two period, the book presents a comparative perspective on the evolution of State vs. labor relations in the region, defines the social contract within its characteristics, and the external factors that contribute to it. State regulations and interventions were extensive, and, it is stipulated the economic future of the region will largely be determined by the fate of its labor markets. The book provides a comprehensive account of recent employment outcomes, and, outlines the policy reforms required to improve the performance of the region's labor markets. But the book goes beyond a technical discussion of labor market outcomes, and investigates the broader political-economic aspects of state-society relations. It integrates questions on how to build vibrant labor markets, and restore the region's growth performance, into a framework that also addresses issues of population dynamics, socioeconomic trends, employment regulations, the quality of institutions, opportunities in the world economy, and the impact of a redistributive social contract on prospects of reform.
Type: Publications & Research :: Publication
Publications & Research :: Publication
Link: 0-8213-5678-X
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/15011
Subject: BUDGET CONSTRAINTS
CONTRACT ENFORCEMENT
DEBT
DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION
DEVELOPMENT REPORTS
DISMISSAL
DIVIDENDS
DRIVERS
ECONOMIC GROWTH
ECONOMIC POLICY REFORM
ECONOMIC REFORM
EMPLOYMENT
EMPLOYMENT GROWTH
ENTERPRISE OWNERSHIP
EQUILIBRIUM
EXCHANGE RATE
FEMALE EMPLOYMENT
FEMALE LABOR
FEMALE LABOR FORCE
FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS
FISCAL REFORM
FUELS
HIGH UNEMPLOYMENT
INCOME
INCOME INEQUALITY
INDIRECT LABOR COSTS
INFANT MORTALITY
INFLATION
INFORMAL SECTOR
INSURANCE
INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS
LABOR COSTS
LABOR FORCE
LABOR FORCE GROWTH
LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION
LABOR MARKET
LABOR MARKET POLICIES
LABOR MARKETS
LABOR PRODUCTIVITY
LABOR SUPPLY
LABOR UNIONS
LEGISLATION
LIFE EXPECTANCY
LIVING STANDARDS
MARKET INSTITUTIONS
MICROFINANCE
MIGRANT LABOR
MIGRATION
MINIMUM WAGE
MORTALITY
NATIONAL INCOME
NATURAL RESOURCES
NEW ENTRANTS
OIL
OIL PRICES
POLITICAL ECONOMY
POPULATION GROWTH
PRIVATE SECTOR
PRIVATIZATION
PRODUCTIVITY
PUBLIC POLICIES
REAL WAGES
RIGHT TO WORK
SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT
SOCIAL SERVICES
STRUCTURAL ADJUSTMENT
SUBSIDIARY
TECHNOLOGICAL CHANGE
TEMPORARY EMPLOYMENT
UNEMPLOYED
UNEMPLOYED WORKERS
UNEMPLOYMENT RATES
URBANIZATION
WAGE DIFFERENTIALS
WELFARE GAINS EMPLOYMENT POTENTIAL
SOCIAL CONTRACTS
LABOR MARKET NEXUS
TRADE DEVELOPMENT
INVESTMENT BEHAVIOR
GOVERNANCE APPROACH
GENDER ISSUES
POLICY DIALOGUES
DEVELOPMENT CONSTRAINTS
STATE GOVERNMENT PARTICIPATION
STATE INTERVENTION
LABOR RELATIONS
ECONOMIC POLICY POLITICAL ASPECTS
LABOR ECONOMICS
STATE WELFARE INSTITUTIONS
GROWTH PATTERNS
PERFORMANCE INDICATORS
POPULATION DYNAMICS
SOCIOECONOMIC CONDITIONS
EMPLOYMENT POLICIES
REGULATORY FRAMEWORK
INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK
EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES
REDISTRIBUTION
REFORM POLICY




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