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Ethiopia Public Expenditure Review

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World Bank (WB)

Abstract: Ethiopia’s remarkable socio-economic transformation over the last decade has been marked by: a reorientation of expenditure from recurrent to capital; a significant devolution of resources from Federal Government to Regions; and a clear prioritization of infrastructure spending, while protecting spending on education at four percent of GDP. The Government of Ethiopia has also leveraged external resources to boost spending in pro-poor sectors, particularly health and social protection. As a result, Ethiopia is home to the largest social safety net program in Africa, and has also achieved remarkable health outcomes using cost effective approaches. Recent investments have seen a significant build-up of capital stock, with capital spending at sector level pointing towards increased service capacity. The current public investment-led strategy requires to be complemented by increased budgetary provisions in operations and maintenance so that new investments translate into enhanced service coverage and delivery. As Ethiopia lays the foundation to become a middle income country, and the changing global environment implies declining external assistance, it is imperative that domestic taxation activity support this transition. The current tax-to-GDP ratio is low compared to peer countries, and the tax structure would benefit from increased contributions by direct tax sources. Therefore, there is an immediate need for advancing tax reforms and improve capacity and quality of tax administration. Broadening the tax bases, through review of exemptions, as well as review of tax rates might be venues to consider. Additional revenues will create the much-needed fiscal space to increase funding for operations and maintenance for service delivery, and support fiscal sustainability. As a follow-up to this Public Expenditure Review, the Government of Ethiopia has asked the World Bank to provide further analytical support, with a view to enhance domestic revenue mobilization through simpler and more efficient taxation, while retaining equity priorities in public finances.
Type: Report
Economic & Sector Work :: Public Expenditure Review
Economic & Sector Work
Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10986/24370
Subject: TAX INCENTIVES
SANITATION
WASTE
DECISION-MAKING PROCESSES
DEFICIT
RISKS
BASIC SERVICES
ECONOMIC GROWTH
DOMESTIC REVENUE
GOVERNMENT FINANCES
PEOPLE
CAPITAL ACCUMULATION
ANTENATAL CARE
AGGREGATE SPENDING
PUBLIC EDUCATION
PREVENTION
HEALTH EXPENDITURES
PUBLIC SECTOR
GOVERNMENT SPENDING
NEEDS ASSESSMENT
LOCAL REVENUE
SOCIAL WORK
PROGRAMS
SERVICES
TAX BASES
FISCAL ENVELOPE
HEALTH INSURANCE
INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT
HEALTH CARE
REVENUES
GROWTH MODEL
REAL GROWTH
EDUCATION EXPENDITURES
PUBLIC INFRASTRUCTURE
INCENTIVES
EXTERNAL GRANTS
HEALTH
CAPITAL STOCK
FISCAL ANALYSIS
INCOME TAX
ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH
BENEFICIARIES
CORPORATE INCOME TAX
TOTAL PUBLIC EXPENDITURE
PUBLIC HEALTH
LIFE EXPECTANCY
DEFICIT FINANCING
POVERTY REDUCTION
BUDGET
FISCAL CAPACITY
TOTAL PUBLIC SECTOR
KNOWLEDGE
HEALTH SECTOR
DISABILITIES
COST EFFECTIVENESS
CAPITAL BUDGET
TOTAL EXPENDITURE
HEALTH OUTCOME
IMMUNIZATION
PATIENTS
PATIENT
INTERVENTION
SECONDARY SCHOOLS
HEALTH INDICATORS
HEALTH SYSTEMS
PERSONAL INCOME
HEALTH CENTERS
DEVOLUTION OF RESOURCES
AGING
SOCIAL INSURANCE
NURSES
OBSERVATION
FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS
DEBT
OPERATING EXPENSES
POLLUTION
DISASTERS
BUDGET DEFICIT
SOCIAL SECURITY
SOCIAL PROTECTION
DOMESTIC DEBT
EXTERNAL ASSISTANCE
CAPITAL EXPENDITURE
REAL INTEREST RATE
SERVICE DELIVERY
PUBLIC EXPENDITURE REVIEW
GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT
PROGRAM EXPENDITURE
RECURRENT EXPENDITURE
MORTALITY
EXPENDITURE DATA
SOCIAL SUPPORT
PUBLIC INVESTMENT
EDUCATION SPENDING
FISCAL DEFICIT
HEALTH SPENDING
PRIMARY SCHOOLS
PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES
EXPENDITURE
INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT
EFFICIENCY OF PUBLIC SPENDING
UNEMPLOYMENT
SOCIAL SAFETY NETS
GROSS FIXED CAPITAL FORMATION
PREGNANCY COMPLICATIONS
ACCOUNTABILITY
WORKERS
TAX RATE
GOVERNMENT BUDGET
AGED
TRANSPARENCY
SOCIAL SERVICES
AGGREGATE FISCAL MANAGEMENT
FISCAL FRAMEWORK
PUBLIC EXPENDITURE
BUDGET DATA
DOMESTIC TAXATION
FEDERAL BUDGET
HEALTH OUTCOMES
PUBLIC ENTERPRISES
GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURE
HYGIENE
FAMILY PLANNING
GOVERNMENT REVENUE
STRESS
EXPENDITURES
DECISION-MAKING
FISCAL CONTRACTION
TAX RATES
PUBLIC HEALTH SYSTEM
NUTRITION
ECONOMIC CLASSIFICATION
FISCAL STANCE
PRIMARY HEALTH CARE
WASTE DISPOSAL
TAX REVENUE
INTERNET
SECTOR MINISTRIES
CAPITAL SPENDING
FISCAL SUSTAINABILITY
PERSONAL INCOME TAX
OUTPATIENT CARE
WEIGHT
PHYSICIANS
COMMUNICABLE DISEASES
AGGREGATE FISCAL FRAMEWORK
PUBLIC SECTOR SPECIALIST
CHILDREN
CLINICS
PUBLIC CAPITAL
DOMESTIC CREDIT
TOTAL SPENDING
MINISTRY OF FINANCE
FISCAL MANAGEMENT
PUBLIC FINANCES
DEBT LIMITS
HEALTH EXPENDITURE
ALLOCATION
SECTOR BUDGET
TAX ADMINISTRATION
EXTERNAL DEBT
INSTITUTIONALIZATION
CAPITAL EXPENDITURES
ROAD CONSTRUCTION
STRATEGY
REGISTRATION
FAMILIES
MEDICINES
AGGREGATE FISCAL
HEALTH FINANCING
PUBLIC SPENDING
HOSPITALS
HEALTH INTERVENTIONS
PUBLIC SERVICE
OUTCOMES
GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTS
BUDGET STRATEGY
BIRTH ATTENDANT
INTERNATIONAL COMPARISONS
HEALTH SERVICES
IMPLEMENTATION
PREGNANCY
FISCAL POSITION
TAX STRUCTURE
ABSENTEEISM
SERVICE PROVIDERS
DEBT RELIEF
PUBLIC SERVICE DELIVERY




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