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The Use of Detailed Statistical Data in Customs Reform : The Case of Madagascar

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World Bank (WB)

Abstract: To carry out their various missions (collecting revenue, facilitating trade, and ensuring security), many customs administrations have established a risk management unit. In developing countries, however, because of the lack of dedicated human and material resources, intelligence and risk analysis remain insufficiently developed. In view of the lack of resources, this paper proposes a simple methodology aiming at detecting risky import operations. The mirror analysis first helps to identify and target products or sectors with the greatest risk. Based on the examination of customs declarations patterns (data mining), it is possible to identify and target higher risk economic operators (importers and customs brokers). When implemented in Madagascar, this method has helped to reveal probable fraud cases in the present context of customs reform. Estimates suggest that, in 2014, customs fraud reduced non-oil customs revenues (duties and import value-added tax) by at least 30 percent.
Type: Working Paper
Publications & Research
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10986/24167
Subject: TARIFFS
DEFICIT
CUSTOMS ADMINISTRATION
EQUIPMENT
ACCOUNTING
FREE TRADE AGREEMENT
TARIFF PROTECTION
PRODUCTION
BARRIERS TO TRADE
STOCK
VALUATION
DEBTORS
DUTIES
EXCHANGE
IMPORT TAXES
DATA MINING
INFORMATION
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
EXPORTS
MONITORING
ENTRY POINT
REVENUES
EXPORT PRICES
AREAS OF CUSTOMS
DISTRIBUTION
CUSTOMS CONTROLS
FRAUDS
PRICE
TAX
CUSTOMS ADMINISTRATIONS
VERIFICATION
TARIFF CLASSIFICATION
CREDITORS
FREE TRADE
INTERNATIONAL BANK
CUSTOMS REVENUES
CUSTOMS FRAUD
IMPORT STATISTICS
INFORMATION ACQUISITION
OPEN ACCESS
CUSTOMS CLEARANCE
BUDGET
CENTRAL BANK
CONVERSION
CUSTOMS DUTIES
DATA
IMPORT DATA
OIL PRICES
IMPORT PRICES
CURRENCY
IDENTIFICATION NUMBERS
IMPORT OPERATIONS
CUSTOMS
TRADING
TAX EXEMPTIONS
TELEPHONY
MONETARY FUND
INTERNATIONAL COMPARISON
MARKETS
WEB
MATERIAL
IMPORTS
CUSTOMS VALUATION
VARIABLE RATE
TRADE AGREEMENT
GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT
DATABASES
COMMODITY PRICE
FINANCE
CUSTOMS OFFICE
BROKER
BANK POLICY
MARKET PRICE
TAXES
BROKERS
IMPORT TARIFFS
INFORMATION ASYMMETRY
EXPORT VALUE
TRANSACTIONS
MANUFACTURING
CUSTOMS MODERNIZATION
INTERNATIONAL TRADE STATISTICS
CUSTOMS BROKERS
GOOD
TRAVEL
FRAUD
IMPORT OPERATION
INSPECTION
INTERNATIONAL TRADE
RESULTS
MARKET PRICES
CUSTOMS AUTHORITIES
IMPORT VALUES
TRADE DEFICIT
NETWORKS
PERISHABLE GOOD
IMPORT PRICE
CUSTOMS REFORM
CUSTOMS AUTHORITY
TAX RATES
TRADE FACILITATION
MARKET
LOCAL CURRENCY
CUSTOMS AGENT
IMPORT TAX
TAX REVENUE
ADMINISTRATION
INSURANCE
RESULT
TRADE DATA
TRADE
TELEPHONES
EXPORT PRICE
GOODS
MARKET SHARE
SECURITY
INTERNATIONAL MARKET
BILATERAL TRADE
CUSTOMS OFFICERS
CUSTOMS OFFICES
HUMAN RESOURCES
SHARE
BALANCE OF TRADE
POVERTY
PERFORMANCE
TARIFF
INSPECTIONS
REVENUE
RISK MANAGEMENT
WORLD TRADE
CHECK
RULES OF ORIGIN
EXCHANGE RATE
LIABILITIES
COMMON LAW
COMMODITY
IMPORT VALUE
CUSTOMS DECLARATIONS
TARGET
PRICES
USES
DIGITAL CAMERAS
LOSS OF REVENUE




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