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Jobs in the City : Explaining Urban Spatial Structure in Kampala

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World Bank (WB)

Abstract: This paper examines the spatial organization of jobs in Kampala, the capital city of Uganda, and applies the Lucas and Rossi-Hansberg (2002) model to explain the observed patterns in terms of the agglomeration forces and the commuting costs of workers. The paper suggests that: (i) Economic activities are concentrated in the downtown -- beyond which employment is spatially dispersed. (ii) Geographically weighted regressions identify five potential subcenters in 2011; however, none of these contribute significantly to employment. When explaining the variation in employment density across localities in Kampala, the research highlights that (i) density falls by 23.5 percent per kilometer increase in distance from the nearest potential subcenter; (ii) an increase in local production externalities of 10 percent increases density by 3.7 percent; and (iii) production externalities in Kampala's potential subcenters are extremely weak to have any significant impact even on nearby tracts.
Type: Working Paper
Publications & Research
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10986/24230
Subject: POPULATION DENSITIES
EMPLOYMENT
AUTOMOBILE
LAND USE PATTERN
MULTIPLE EQUILIBRIA
ECONOMIC GROWTH
ACCOUNTING
CONGESTION EXTERNALITIES
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT POLICIES
PRODUCTION
URBAN GROWTH
EMPLOYMENT RESEARCH
INCOME
LAND USE POLICIES
EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES
TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE
TRANSPORTATION COSTS
CENTRAL BUSINESS DISTRICT
INFORMATION
LABOR FORCE
RESOURCE ALLOCATION
TREND
ELASTICITY
HOUSING
EFFECTS
HEALTH
EQUILIBRIUM
URBAN LAND
ROAD INFRASTRUCTURE
CITIES
LAND USE PATTERNS
RENTS
PUBLIC TRANSPORT SYSTEMS
CHOICE
LABOR MARKET
URBAN EMPLOYMENT
ROAD
COSTS
TRANSPORTATION NETWORK
TRANSPORT SYSTEMS
TRANSPORT
PROBABILITY
HEALTH CENTERS
METROPOLITAN AREAS
MOBILITY
URBAN MANAGEMENT
PRODUCTIVITY
EXTERNALITIES
MARKETS
ORGANIZATIONS
FLOOR AREA
TRUE
LABOR
LAND VALUE
EFFICIENCY
INFRASTRUCTURE
FEMALE LABOR
LAND USE
BUSES
AUTOMOBILES
MIXED USE
BUS
TRANSPORT NETWORK
EXTERNALITY
GENERAL EQUILIBRIUM
PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH
REGULATIONS
CONGESTION
TRANSPORTATION
INSPECTION
WAGES
POLICIES
SCHOOLS
VALUE
ACCESSIBILITY
FLOOR AREA RATIO
POPULATION DENSITY
URBAN AREAS
URBAN AREA
INDEXES
PUBLIC TRANSPORT
JOB CREATION
BUS STATIONS
ECONOMIC THEORY
SUBURBAN AREAS
URBAN DEVELOPMENT
ECONOMICS
BRIDGE
CENTRAL BUSINESS DISTRICTS
MANAGEMENT
SKILLED LABOR
ROADS
EQUILIBRIUM WAGES
SPRAWL
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
SLUMS
LAND
THEORY
EVALUATION
RISK
AGGLOMERATION ECONOMIES
RAILROADS
INTEGRATION
SUPPLY
TRANSPORT TECHNOLOGY
OPTIMAL ALLOCATION
POPULATION
INVESTMENTS
URBAN ECONOMICS
LABOR MARKETS
URBAN
GOVERNMENTS
URBAN HOUSING
CBD
URBAN POPULATION
INNOVATIONS
ECONOMIES
URBAN AGGLOMERATION ECONOMIES




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