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The Impact of a Community Development and Poverty Reduction Program on Early Childhood Development in Morocco

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World Bank (WB)

Abstract: Participatory community development programs are designed to match government investments with local needs. In Morocco, where issues of inequality and poverty are high on the national agenda, a community development program, the National Initiative for Human Development, targeted high-poverty areas for additional investments. This paper examines whether, in addition to reducing poverty, such programs can also promote human development, specifically early childhood development. Early childhood development forms a critical foundation for later human development and plays a key role in the intergenerational transmission of socioeconomic status. Using panel data on communities just above and below the cutoff for National Initiative for Human Development inclusion in rural areas, regression discontinuity and fixed effect models are applied to identify the impact of the program on economic outcomes and early childhood development. Although the analysis finds some transitory impacts of the program on economic outcomes, it finds no impacts on early childhood development. Reducing inequality and promoting human development through early childhood development is likely to require specific, targeted, and sustained initiatives.
Type: Working Paper
Publications & Research
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
Link: http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2016/05/26371495/impact-community-development-poverty-reduction-program-early-childhood-development-morocco
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/24508
Subject: SANITATION
HOUSEHOLD INCOMES
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTION
HOUSEHOLD SIZE
CONSUMPTION EXPENDITURES
IMPACT ON POVERTY
ECONOMIC GROWTH
PEOPLE
POLITICS
INCOME
OLS MODELS
HEALTH EXPENDITURES
POVERTY RATES
PROGRAM IMPLEMENTATION
TOTAL POVERTY
COUNTERFACTUAL
PROGRAMS
HOUSING
HEALTH CARE
IMPACTS
HEALTH
PROJECTS
BENEFICIARIES
MEASURES
PROGRAM IMPACTS
INCOME GENERATION
POVERTY REDUCTION
PROGRAM DESIGNS
HEALTH TARGETS
COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT
PER CAPITA INCOME
INTERVENTION
SHEEP
HEALTH INDICATORS
IMPACT EVALUATION
CHILD DEVELOPMENT
TRANSFERS
OBSERVATION
POOR AREAS
HOUSEHOLD INCOME
LEARNING
INDICATORS
RESEARCH
TOTAL POVERTY RATE
SERVICE DELIVERY
RURAL ROADS
POVERTY MAP
FARM PRODUCTS
NUTRITIONAL STATUS
CONSUMPTION
HUMAN CAPITAL
RURAL COMMUNITIES
WORKERS
PROJECT IMPACTS
CHRONIC MALNUTRITION
AGED
SOCIAL SERVICES
POVERTY REDUCTION PROGRAM
CONTROL GROUPS
PARTICIPATION
INCOME-GENERATING ACTIVITIES
CAPACITY-BUILDING
HEALTH OUTCOMES
PARENTING
PARTICIPATION OF BENEFICIARIES
RURAL INFRASTRUCTURE
BASIC INFRASTRUCTURE
POVERTY MAPPING
INCOME DISTRIBUTION
EMPLOYMENT STATUS
AGRICULTURAL LAND
DECISION MAKING
MALNUTRITION
RURAL
MEASUREMENT
QUANTITATIVE METHODS
SAMPLE SIZE
NUTRITION
SURVEYS
SOCIAL CAPITAL
WEIGHT
TARGETING
PREGNANT WOMEN
CHILDREN
REGIONS
DRINKING WATER
STATISTICS
IRRIGATION
EVALUATION
POVERTY
RURAL AREAS
SAMPLING
HOUSEHOLD CONSUMPTION
CONSUMER PRICE INDEX
LIVING CONDITIONS
RESEARCH PROGRAM
POVERTY RATE
POOR
STRATEGY
CONSUMPTION PER CAPITA
OUTCOMES
IMPLEMENTATION
HEALTH SERVICES
PREGNANCY
SELF-EMPLOYMENT
AGRICULTURAL SELF-EMPLOYMENT
POVERTY ALLEVIATION
INEQUALITY
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
PROGRAM EFFECTS
POOR HOUSEHOLDS




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