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Explaining Ethiopia’s Growth Acceleration—The Role of Infrastructure and Macroeconomic Policy

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World Bank (WB)

Abstract: Ethiopia has experienced an impressive growth acceleration over the past decade. This was achieved on the back of an economic strategy emphasizing public infrastructure investment supported by heterodox macro-financial policies. This paper identifies the drivers of Ethiopia’s recent growth episode and examines the extent to which they were typical or unique. It combines country-specific information with the results of a cross-country panel regression model. We find that Ethiopia’s growth is explained well by factors correlating with growth in a broad range of countries in recent decades, including public infrastructure investment, restrained government consumption, and a conducive external environment. On the other hand, we argue that the policy mix that supported very high levels of public investment in Ethiopia was, to some extent, unique. Interestingly, macroeconomic imbalances due to this heterodox policy mix only moderately held back growth which helps explain why Ethiopia was able to grow so fast in spite of their presence: their negative effects were quantitatively much less important than the positive growth drivers they helped to achieve. The results suggest that “getting infrastructure right” may outweigh moderate shortcoming in the macro framework at early stages of development. We further relate this country-specific finding to the recent growth literature.
Type: Journal Article
Publications & Research :: Journal Article
Publications & Research
Link: World Development
0305-750X
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/29224
Subject: ECONOMIC GROWTH
DETERMINANTS OF GROWTH
ECONOMIC POLICY
INFRASTRUCTURE
MACROECONOMIC POLICY
HETERODOXY




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