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The Nigeria Fadama National Development Series : How to Build a Pilot into a National Program through Learning and Adaptation

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World Bank (WB)

Abstract: Over the last 20 years, poor rural farmers in Nigeria have seen the benefits of community organization as a tool for local economic development under the National Fadama Development Project series. They have witnessed improvements in rural areas that have embraced a more inclusive and participatory model of local economic decision making. Many communities have come together under the umbrella of new institutional arrangements for addressing local issues. These arrangements have visibly improved economic conditions, boosted agricultural incomes, and helped reduce rural poverty. This transformation has taken place in challenging environments, where basic agriculture remains the principal source of livelihoods and where rural stakeholders have not traditionally participated in cooperative local economic arrangements. This case study aims to show how learning and adaptation have been important to the success of the Fadama project, and how lessons learned can help inform new operations in agricultural reform and rural development more broadly. The case study explores the following question: How did the Fadama project learn and adapt to changing circumstances, including the social and political context, as it evolved from a pilot program to a successful national project? The chronological review looks at how the program’s success can be attributed to its capacity to build on existing knowledge of local conditions, to pilot and learn before scaling up, to incorporate and test global practices, and to build important new institutional structures at the local level. This case study also examines how the evolving institutional structure ultimately led to a change in the social contract among farmers, other stakeholders, and different levels of government, resulting in a cultural shift in the process of local development. This shift was prompted in part by a transfer of global knowledge and adaptation of prevailing global practices.
Type: Case Study
Publications & Research
Publications & Research :: Working Paper
Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10986/24413
Subject: COMMUNITIES
RISKS
AGRICULTURAL GROWTH
TRADITIONAL LEADERS
COMMUNITY PROJECTS
COMMUNITY ASSOCIATIONS
POVERTY LINE
SOCIAL FUNDS
ECONOMIC GROWTH
FARMER GROUPS
VILLAGES
LOCAL CAPACITY
FEEDBACK
CONSULTATION
COMMUNITY SUPPORT
POVERTY LEVELS
FARMING SEASON
CROPLAND
INCOME
AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
COMMUNITY CAPACITY
NATIONAL POVERTY LINE
COMMUNITY ORGANIZATIONS
GROUPS
AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
LOCAL GOVERNMENTS
POVERTY REDUCTION PROJECT
SERVICES
COMMUNITY ASSETS
LOCAL FARMERS
HEALTH
NATIONAL POVERTY
POOR PEOPLE
CAPACITY BUILDING
PROJECT PREPARATION
PROJECTS
PROJECT
BENEFICIARY PARTICIPATION
COMMUNITY ACCESS
IRRIGATION MANAGEMENT
STAKEHOLDER INVOLVEMENT
ASSOCIATIONS
RURAL POPULATION
CONFLICT
MEASURES
COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION
POVERTY REDUCTION
RURAL DWELLERS
COMMUNITY MEMBERS
COMMUNICATIONS
COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT
CROP PRODUCTION
TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE
SERVICE CONTRACTS
RURAL HOUSEHOLDS
TRAINING
FARMING AREAS
BUILDING LOCAL CAPACITY
INTERVENTION
RURAL INCOME
FARMERS’ ASSOCIATIONS
LOCALITIES
RURAL INCOME GENERATION
COMMUNITY CONTROL
MARKETS
ORGANIZATIONS
LAND DEGRADATION
FARMERS
POOR RURAL AREAS
CAPITAL INVESTMENTS
COMMUNITY ORGANIZATION
SUBSIDIES
MARGINALIZED GROUPS
POLITICAL SUPPORT
FARMERS GROUPS
INFRASTRUCTURE
DESIGN
LOCAL AUTHORITY
LESSONS LEARNED
RURAL POVERTY LINE
RURAL PROJECTS
COMMUNITY SUBPROJECTS
FARMERS’ ORGANIZATIONS
SOCIAL ORGANIZATION
RURAL COMMUNITIES
ARCHITECTURE
PROCUREMENT
TRANSPARENCY
RURAL SECTOR
DESCRIPTION
PARTICIPATION
FARM PRODUCTION
GENDER
RURAL POVERTY
URBAN AREAS
HOUSEHOLD
AGRICULTURAL SECTOR
COMMUNITY AFFAIRS
AGENCIES
SOCIAL SCIENCE
INTEREST GROUPS
YOUTH
PARTICIPATORY PROCESS
RURAL
INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY
LOCAL GROUPS
MARKET
ACCESS TO MARKETS
CROP LOSSES
SOCIAL CAPITAL
RURAL FARMERS
FOOD INSECURITY
TARGETING
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
COMMUNITY DECISION MAKING
COLLECTIVE ACTIONS
PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION
RURAL INSTITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENTS
VILLAGE LEVEL
LOCAL COMMUNITIES
IRRIGATION
HOUSEHOLDS
PRESSURE GROUPS
RURAL AREAS
POVERTY
AGRICULTURAL INCOMES
PASTORALISTS
COMMUNITY GROUPS
FACILITATORS
COMMUNITY OWNERSHIP
INCIDENCE OF POVERTY
SOCIAL COHESION
FACILITIES
AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY
RISK MANAGEMENT
INTERVENTIONS
POOR
COMMUNITY
CONFLICT RESOLUTION
INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK
IMPLEMENTING AGENCIES
TECHNOLOGIES
ECONOMIC SHOCKS
RURAL DEVELOPMENT
URBAN POPULATION
FEMALE
SERVICE
BENEFITS




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