African Knowledge Base(AKB) Platform
Integrated Essential Digital Resources on Africa

Investigating the Gender Gap in Agricultural Productivity : Evidence from Uganda

There are no files associated with this item.
Appears in Collections:
World Bank (WB)

Abstract: Women comprise 50 percent of the agricultural labor force in Sub-Saharan Africa, but manage plots that are reportedly on average 20 to 30 percent less productive. As a source of income inequality and aggregate productivity loss, the country-specific magnitude and drivers of this gender gap are of great interest. Using national data from the Uganda National Panel Survey for 2009/10 and 2010/11, the gap before controlling for endowments was estimated to be 17.5 percent. Panel data methods were combined with an Oaxaca decomposition to investigate the gender differences in resource endowment and return to endowment driving this gap. Although men have greater access to inputs, input use is so low and inverse returns to plot size so strong in Uganda that smaller female-managed plots have a net endowment advantage of 12 percent, revealing a larger unexplained gap of 29.5 percent. Two-fifths of this unexplained gap is attributed to differential returns to the child dependency ratio and one-fifth to differential returns to transport access, implying that greater child care responsibilities and difficulty accessing input and output markets from areas without transport are the largest drivers of the gap. Smaller and less robust drivers include differential uptake of cash crops, and differential uptake and return to improved seeds and pesticides.
Type: Working Paper
Publications & Research
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10986/21994
Subject: LIVING STANDARDS
HOUSEHOLD INCOMES
COMMUNITIES
AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH
SUBSISTENCE
VILLAGES
FERTILIZER
PRODUCTION
CROPPING PATTERNS
CROP SELECTION
FARMER
SCHOOLING
AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
FARM PRODUCTIVITY
INFORMATION
LABOR FORCE
SERVICES
FOOD POLICY
PLANTING
CHEMICAL FERTILIZERS
FARM ENTERPRISE
HEALTH
IFPRI
AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS
PROJECTS
FEMALE HEADED HOUSEHOLDS
RURAL POOR
WATER HARVESTING
FEMALE- HEADED HOUSEHOLDS
AGRICULTURAL OUTPUT
HOUSEHOLD DEMOGRAPHICS
REGION
POVERTY REDUCTION
FERTILIZERS
KNOWLEDGE
CROP PRODUCTION
CEREALS
RURAL HOUSEHOLD
CASH CROPS
TRAINING
TREE CROPS
DWELLING
POPULATION GROWTH
HOUSEHOLD HEAD
SEEDS
INCOME INEQUALITY
MOBILITY
FARM SIZE
MARKETS
SEED
FRUITS
VEGETABLES
CROP PROTECTION
LAND RIGHTS
INDICATORS
RESEARCH
FARMING
LIVESTOCK
EXTENSION
AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH ORGANIZATION
FARMERS
LAND VALUE
CULTIVATED LAND
CROPS
SMALLHOLDER FARMS
DESIGN
AGRICULTURAL POLICY
SEED VARIETIES
CONSUMPTION
FARM ASSETS
HUMAN CAPITAL
REGIONAL VARIATIONS
FOOD SECURITY
CROP
FEMALE-HEADED HOUSEHOLDS
FAMILY
EXTENSION SERVICES
LAND QUALITY
GENDER
CULTIVATION
AGRICULTURAL INVESTMENT
FEMALE WORKERS
URBAN AREAS
CROPPING
HOUSEHOLD
AGRICULTURAL SECTOR
COFFEE
AGRICULTURE
INCOMES
FAO
MALNUTRITION
NUTRITION
MARKET
LAND SIZE
HARVESTING
HOUSEHOLD DISTRIBUTION
ECONOMICS
AGRICULTURAL INPUTS
MANAGEMENT
EXPORT CROPS
FEMALE FARMERS
FISHERIES
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
LAND
LAND PRODUCTIVITY
AGRICULTURAL LABOR
CLIMATIC ZONE
REGIONS
EDUCATION
FEMALES
HUMAN ECOLOGY
IRRIGATION
FARM
HOUSEHOLDS
EQUALITY
POVERTY
POOR FARMERS
OILSEEDS
BANANAS
FARMS
ECOLOGY
AGRICULTURAL INFORMATION
DWELLINGS
AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY
FUNDING
INTERVENTIONS
COMMUNITY
WOMEN
AGRICULTURAL
LABOR MARKETS
TECHNOLOGIES
RURAL DEVELOPMENT
WATER SOURCE
PULSES
FEMALE
SOIL QUALITY
SERVICE
DISTRICTS
WAGE EMPLOYMENT
CASH FLOW
CENTRAL REGION
GENDER EQUALITY
REGIONAL CHARACTERISTICS




Country City Visitors