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Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia : Evaluation of MDGs Specific Purpose Grant to Regions

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World Bank (WB)

Abstract: Ethiopia is a highly decentralized country. Presently, sub-national government taxes and revenues account for about 28 percent of general taxes and revenues, and sub-national expenditures amount to 51 percent of general government expenditures. The ensuing vertical mismatch is bridged by grants from the Federal government to the regions. Presently, these grants account for 57 percent of sub-national expenditures1. For many years, these grants consisted mostly of a block grant (the Federal General Purpose Grant) given without any strings attached, which means the regions could use it as they wished. The rest of the report is organized as follows. Section two provides the policy context that is the information, data, evolutions, etc. specific to Ethiopia, which are necessary to understand and interpret the MDGs grant policy. Section three present and discusses the policy content that is the components of the policy previously identified. Section four is a policy assessment, which utilizes the evaluation framework proposed above to analyze the relationships between the various components of the policy, and discuss its efficiency, its effectiveness and its success. Section five is a conclusion that summarizes the analysis, and attempts, prudently and modestly, to outline some potential avenues for future action.
Type: Report
Economic & Sector Work :: Other Public Sector Study
Economic & Sector Work
Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10986/24957
Subject: FEDERAL LEVELS
EMPOWERMENT
TAX EFFORT
SUB-NATIONAL GOVERNMENTS
GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURES
ECONOMIC GROWTH
VILLAGES
ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT
PEOPLE
CITY
FEDERAL TAXES
POLICY INSTRUMENT
VILLAGE
COEFFICIENTS
INTEREST
MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE
PUBLIC EDUCATION
PUBLIC INVESTMENTS
ENROLLMENT
LOCAL GOVERNMENTS
TAX ADMINISTRATION CAPACITY
FINANCIAL RESOURCES
DIFFERENTIALS
FEDERAL GOVERNMENTS
TAX COLLECTION
TAX BASES
REVENUES
SUBNATIONAL EXPENDITURES
MEDIUM ENTERPRISE
CAPACITY BUILDING
LOCAL PUBLIC SERVICES
ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY
TAX
CITIES
INCOME TAX
FEDERAL REVENUES
PAYMENTS
INTERNATIONAL BANK
TRAINING CENTERS
COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION
MUNICIPALITIES
CITY ADMINISTRATIONS
SUBNATIONAL
SUB- NATIONAL
MINISTRY
SUB- NATIONAL EXPENDITURES
TOTAL EXPENDITURE
COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT
TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE
ADMINISTRATIVE CAPACITY
ECONOMIC COOPERATION
TRANSFERS
MINISTRIES
CENTRALIZATION
ADMINISTRATIVE CHALLENGE
PUBLIC FINANCE
SUBNATIONAL GOVERNMENT
CAPITAL EXPENDITURE
LOANS
TAX REVENUES
FARMERS
ENTERPRISES
CAPITAL INVESTMENTS
PEOPLES
EXPENDITURE NEEDS
FINANCE
POLICY EVALUATION
INFRASTRUCTURE
TAXES
EXPENDITURE
FEDERAL “MINISTRIES
SUB-NATIONAL
DEBT FINANCING
GRANT
CITY ADMINISTRATION
POLICY DEVELOPMENT
FEDERAL REVENUE
CAPITAL
SMALL ENTERPRISES
SUB-NATIONAL EXPENDITURES
TAX LAWS
SOURCE OF INCOME
BLOCK GRANT
GENDER
BANK
FEDERAL BUDGET
MINISTRY OF EDUCATION
CENTRAL GOVERNMENT
FEDERAL ROAD
TAX DECENTRALIZATION
LEVEL OF GOVERNMENT
URBAN AREAS
PUBLIC EXPENDITURES
FEDERAL MINISTRY
POLICY OUTCOMES
EXPENDITURES
ENTERPRISE
FEDERAL GOVERNMENT INTERVENTION
SUB-NATIONAL GOVERNMENT
TAX RATES
TRANSACTION COSTS
FEDERAL MINISTRIES
COMMUNITY LEVEL
FEDERAL ADMINISTRATIONS
SCHOOL BUILDING
TAXATION
COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT PROJECT
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
REVENUE RAISING CAPACITY
SECURITY
INVESTMENT
EXTREME POVERTY
ID
HOUSEHOLDS
MINISTRY OF FINANCE
EQUALITY
POVERTY
TAX EFFORTS
SUBNATIONAL GOVERNMENTS
COOPERATION
TOTAL EXPENDITURES
TAXPAYERS
TAX ADMINISTRATION
DECENTRALIZATION
REVENUE
POLICY OBJECTIVES
SUB-NATIONAL GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURES
STUDENTS
BORROWING
INVESTMENTS
CAPITAL EXPENDITURES
POVERTY RATE
COMMUNITY
FEDERAL COUNTRY
WOMEN
ENROLMENT RATE
CAPITAL INVESTMENT
FISCAL DECENTRALIZATION
DISTRICTS
GUARANTEE
GENDER EQUALITY
INEQUALITY
EMPLOYEES




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