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Tanzania Poverty Assessment

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World Bank (WB)

Abstract: Since the early 2000s, Tanzania has seen remarkable economic growth and strong resilience to external shocks. Yet these achievements were overshadowed by the slow response of poverty to the growing economy. Until 2007, the poverty rate in Tanzania remained stagnant at around 34 percent despite a robust growth at an annualized rate of approximately 7 percent. This apparent disconnect between growth and poverty reduction has raised concerns among policy makers and researchers, leading to a consensus that this mismatch needed to be addressed with a sense of urgency. Over the past few years, the National Strategy for Growth and Reduction of Poverty (MKUKUTA) in Tanzania has given high priority to eradicating extreme poverty and promoting broad-based growth. Achieving pro-poor growth has also been widely recognized by the World Bank as a critical strategy for accelerating progress toward its twin goals of eliminating extreme poverty at the global level by 2030 and boosting shared prosperity by fostering income growth among the bottom 40 percent in every country. The official poverty figures announced by the government in November 2013 have revealed that the national strategy against poverty has begun to facilitate reductions. The basic needs poverty rate has declined from around 34 percent to 28.2 percent between 2007 and 2012, the first significant decline in the last 20 years. Identifying the policy mechanisms that have helped to increase the participation of the poor in the growth process and to speed pro-poor growth is therefore important for present and future decision-making in Tanzania on how best to eradicate poverty. Such task requires a rigorous analysis of the evolution of poverty and of the linkages between poverty, inequality, and economic growth. This report uses the availability of the new Tanzanian Household Budget Survey (HBS) for 2011 and 2012, as well as the new rebased GDP figures released in December 2014, as an opportunity to address these issues. More specifically, the report examines the recent trends in poverty and inequality and their determinants and explores how responsive poverty reduction was to economic growth and the obstacles to achieving it.
Type: Report
Economic & Sector Work
Economic & Sector Work :: Poverty Assessment
Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10986/21871
Subject: PER CAPITA CONSUMPTION
POVERTY POVERTY
FEMALE EDUCATION
RISKS
FOOD NEEDS
CONSUMPTION EXPENDITURES
HOUSEHOLD SIZE
HOUSEHOLD SURVEY
AGRICULTURAL GROWTH
POVERTY LINE
LANDHOLDINGS
IMPACT ON POVERTY
RURAL INEQUALITY
ECONOMIC GROWTH
POVERTY LEVELS
POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGIES
GLOBAL MARKETS
ILLITERACY
FOOD CONSUMPTION
INCOME
POVERTY RATES
POVERTY ESTIMATES
EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES
RURAL WOMEN
NATIONAL POVERTY LINE
COUNTERFACTUAL
INCOME TRANSFERS
POLITICAL ECONOMY
DEATH
FOOD POLICY
NATIONAL POVERTY
POOR PEOPLE
EGALITARIAN DISTRIBUTION
RURAL LABOR
INEQUALITY REDUCTION
INTERNATIONAL POVERTY LINES
FOOD CONSUMPTION DATA
GLOBAL POVERTY
RURAL POPULATION
RURAL POOR
LABOR MARKET POLICIES
AGRICULTURAL OUTPUT
MEASURES
RURAL SECTORS
POVERTY MEASURES
RURAL COMMUNITY
NATIONAL POVERTY LINES
SAFETY NETS
POVERTY REDUCTION
RURAL DWELLERS
RURAL PEOPLE
DISADVANTAGED AREAS
SAVINGS
CROP PRODUCTION
FOOD BASKET
RURAL HOUSEHOLDS
CASH CROPS
DISCRIMINATION AGAINST WOMEN
POOR FAMILIES
POOR HOUSEHOLD
FOOD POVERTY LINE
HOUSEHOLD HEAD
POVERTY GAP
INCOME GROWTH
FOOD PRICE
INCOME INEQUALITY
POVERTY INCIDENCE
POVERTY PERSISTENCE
TRANSFERS
INTERNATIONAL POVERTY LINE
POVERTY HEADCOUNT RATES
HOUSEHOLD COMPOSITION
POOR RURAL HOUSEHOLDS
HOUSEHOLD INCOME
POVERTY STATUS
POVERTY MAPS
ESTIMATES OF POVERTY
CHRONIC POVERTY
HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS
FOOD EXPENDITURES
LAND OWNERSHIP
WELFARE INDICATORS
FARMERS
RISK SHARING
FOOD PRODUCTS
POVERTY PROFILE
HOUSEHOLD HEADS
FOOD ITEMS
RURAL GAP
UNEMPLOYMENT
POVERTY LINES
RURAL POOR HOUSEHOLDS
HUMAN CAPITAL
EMPLOYMENT OF WOMEN
RURAL COMMUNITIES
POVERTY ERADICATION
FOOD SECURITY
RURAL COUNTERPARTS
POVERTY INDEX
CHRONIC MALNUTRITION
COMMERCIAL AGRICULTURE
FEMALE-HEADED HOUSEHOLDS
FOOD POVERTY
RURAL SECTOR
HIGHER INEQUALITY
RURAL FAMILY
POVERTY MAPPING
AGRICULTURAL EMPLOYMENT
RURAL POVERTY
FOOD GOODS
FEMALE EMPOWERMENT
AGRICULTURAL SECTOR
EMPLOYMENT STATUS
RURAL ECONOMY
POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY
AGRICULTURAL LAND
ELIMINATION OF POVERTY
DISADVANTAGED GROUPS
FOOD SHORTAGE
MALNUTRITION
RURAL
CHILD NUTRITION
NUTRITION
RURAL DIFFERENCES
HOUSEHOLD BUDGET
RURAL MARKETS
POVERTY SEVERITY
TRANSFER PROGRAMS
IDIOSYNCRATIC SHOCKS
HUMAN CAPITAL ENDOWMENTS
CHILD MORTALITY
INSURANCE
FOOD INSECURITY
TARGETING
POVERTY INDICATORS
HUMAN RIGHTS
HOUSEHOLD CONSUMPTION PER CAPITA
LAND PRODUCTIVITY
SUBSISTENCE FARMERS
POVERTY SITUATION
CORRELATES OF POVERTY
DRINKING WATER
EXTREME POVERTY
IRRIGATION
FOOD CROPS
INCOME SHARES
ACCESS TO SERVICES
RURAL AREAS
POVERTY
POOR FARMERS
RURAL POOR PEOPLE
POOR POPULATIONS
INCIDENCE OF POVERTY
HOUSEHOLD CONSUMPTION
POOR ECONOMIC GROWTH
AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY
POVERTY DYNAMICS
CASH TRANSFER PROGRAMS
INCOME GAINS
HOUSEHOLD WELFARE
POOR
POVERTY ASSESSMENT
INCOME QUINTILE
FOOD PRICES
RURAL DEVELOPMENT
MONEY TRANSFERS
POVERTY ANALYSIS
POVERTY ALLEVIATION
RURAL RESIDENCE
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
INEQUALITY
POOR HOUSEHOLDS




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