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Unhappy Development : Dissatisfaction with Life on the Eve of the Arab Spring

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World Bank (WB)

Abstract: Despite progress in economic and social development in the 2000s, there was an increasing dissatisfaction with life among the population of many developing Arab countries. At the end of the decade, these countries ranked among the least happy economies in the world—a situation that fits the so-called “unhappy development” paradox. The paradox is defined as declining levels of happiness at a time of moderate-to-rapid economic development. This paper empirically tests the strength of association of a range of objective and subjective factors with life evaluation in the Middle East and North Africa region in the years immediately preceding the Arab Spring uprisings (2009–10). The findings suggest a significant, negative association between life satisfaction levels in the region during this period and each of the main perceived reasons for the 2011 uprisings—dissatisfaction with the standard of living, poor labor market conditions, and corruption.
Type: Working Paper
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
Publications & Research
Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10986/23452
Subject: SANITATION
LIVING STANDARDS
JOBS
EMPLOYMENT
UNEMPLOYMENT RATES
WORKFORCE
ECONOMIC GROWTH
OLD AGE
POLITICAL ACTION
ELEMENTARY EDUCATION
INFORMAL SECTOR
PUBLIC EDUCATION
ECONOMIC JUSTICE
EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES
PERSONAL HEALTH
GOOD GOVERNANCE
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
PUBLIC SERVICES
PUBLIC EMPLOYMENT
INDIVIDUAL CHOICES
HEALTH CARE
YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT RATES
JOB
DEPRESSION
EDUCATIONAL QUALIFICATIONS
POLICY DISCUSSIONS
DEVELOPMENT GOALS
ADULT POPULATION
PERSISTENT UNEMPLOYMENT
JOB INSECURITY
NATIONAL LEVEL
SOCIAL SCIENCES
GOVERNMENT SUPPORT
PAID MATERNITY
DRIVERS
MATERNAL MORTALITY
INEQUITIES
KNOWLEDGE
LABOR MARKET
SOCIAL CONDITIONS
OWNERSHIP STRUCTURES
JOB OPPORTUNITIES
LIFE
EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT
EXOGENOUS VARIABLES
WORKER
PUBLIC SECTOR JOBS
DEMOCRACY
LIMITED JOB OPPORTUNITIES
UNEMPLOYED
MIGRATION
MODERNIZATION
JOB MARKET
HOUSEHOLD INCOME
SERVICE PROVISION
MARRIAGE
LABOR
SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT
RULE OF LAW
MORTALITY
EARNINGS GROWTH
POLITICAL SUPPORT
RESPECT
PROGRESS
UNEMPLOYMENT
MIGRANT
REGULATORY FRAMEWORKS
WORKERS
LABOR MARKET CONDITIONS
POLICIES
DOMESTIC MARKETS
JOB STATUS
BASIC NEEDS
POLICY RESEARCH WORKING PAPER
CROSS-SECTIONAL DATA
POLICY MAKERS
LEVEL OF DEVELOPMENT
SOCIAL POLICY
PERSONAL FREEDOM
WORKSHOP
EMPLOYMENT STATUS
EMPLOYMENT GROWTH
PRIVATE SECTOR
COUNTRY-SPECIFIC FACTORS
QUALITY SERVICES
BULLETIN
POLICY
QUALITY OF LIFE
CITIZENS
CHILD MORTALITY
PUBLIC SECTOR EMPLOYMENT
HUMAN RIGHTS
ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITIES
LEVEL OF EDUCATION
DRINKING WATER
NATURAL RESOURCE
HUMAN NEEDS
NUMBER OF CHILDREN
ECONOMIC PROGRESS
EMPLOYEE
SOCIAL UNREST
POLICY IMPLICATIONS
YOUNG PEOPLE
SOCIAL UPHEAVAL
POPULATION
MARITAL STATUS
HIGH UNEMPLOYMENT
POLITICAL SCIENTISTS
STUDENTS
LIVING CONDITIONS
POLICY RESEARCH
FOREIGN POLICY
WOMEN
YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT
LABOR MARKETS
MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS
POLITICAL INSTABILITY
FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
DEVELOPMENT POLICY
EMPLOYEES




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