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Searching for the 'Grail' : Can Uganda's Land Support its Prosperity Drive?

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World Bank (WB)

Abstract: Over the past twenty years, Uganda’s population density has been increasing rapidly, placing significant pressure on the use of land. Uganda now has a population density of 194 persons per square kilometer of arable land, compared to 80 in Kenya and 116 in Ghana. At present, the majority of Uganda’s population still lives in rural areas, where the main source of livelihood is agriculture. However, the proportion of the population living in urban areas has increased significantly and will continue to increase into the future, with urban centers being the main driver of economic growth and transformation into higher value added activities. The highest rates of growth in population density are recorded in Uganda’s central region. It is essential that Uganda changes the manner in which it manages its land if the majority of its population is to achieve a higher level of prosperity through the healthy transformation of the agricultural sector and a shift towards higher value, more productive economic activities more generally. Through the formulation and implementation of smart policies, Uganda can ensure that its land serves as a more productive asset that facilitates positive transformation and a diversification of the economic base. The achievement of these goals will require a comprehensive set of actions that will promote security of land tenure and reduce the rate of occurrence of conflicts and disputes caused by overlapping rights; promote the healthy development of rental markets for land; and strengthen the capacities of institutions responsible for the management of land administration. Failure to unlock the potential of land may result in a deceleration of growth and lack of progress towards prosperity. In addition, rather than driving equitable economic growth, the process of urbanization will result in dysfunctionality in the form of the proliferation of slums; increased congestion; and a deterioration in the quality of, or a failure to develop, infrastructure due to an escalation in the costs of construction and payment of compensation. Implementation of relevant up to date laws and policies has to be accelerated to make land in Uganda genuinely secure, transferable, marketable and supportive of economic development.
Type: Report
Economic & Sector Work
Economic & Sector Work :: Economic Updates and Modeling
Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10986/22743
Subject: POPULATION DENSITIES
EMPLOYMENT
FINANCIAL SERVICES
CAPITAL MARKETS
REGULATORY FRAMEWORK
FISH
ECONOMIC GROWTH
LAND TAXES
ACCOUNTING
DEPOSITS
URBANIZATION
REVENUE MOBILIZATION
PROJECT GRANTS
URBAN GROWTH
FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT
BANK RATE
PRINCIPAL
FISCAL DEFICITS
PERVERSE INCENTIVES
INTEREST
LAWS
AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
INDUSTRY
PROPERTY RIGHTS
BALANCE OF PAYMENTS
LOCAL GOVERNMENTS
LABOR FORCE
WATER SUPPLY
SERVICES
HOUSING
REVENUES
FISCAL POLICY
INCENTIVES
ELECTRICITY SERVICES
PROJECTS
SAVING
INFLATION
LAND PRICES
AUDITS
MUNICIPALITIES
BUDGET
ECONOMIC ACTIVITY
OIL PRICES
SAVINGS
ARABLE LAND
TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE
CROWDING OUT
OIL
FOOD POLICY RESEARCH
TRANSPORT
COLLECTIONS
PRODUCTIVITY
INTEREST RATES
MIGRATION
TRANSFERS
FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS
CRITERIA
DEBT
MARKETS
LOCAL GOVERNMENT
DEFICITS
LEGISLATION
PUBLIC FINANCE
LABOR
LOANS
ENTERPRISES
RATE OF MIGRATION
NATURAL RESOURCES
LAND DEVELOPMENT
INVENTORY
SUBSIDIES
LEGAL FRAMEWORK
FINANCE
EFFICIENCY
GRANTS
INFRASTRUCTURE
TAXES
LAND USE
BANKS
RESOURCES
EQUITY
PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH
LAND SPECULATION
ACCOUNTABILITY
INTERNATIONAL RESERVES
CAPITAL
WAGES
SOCIAL SERVICES
PROPERTY TAXES
VALUES
VALUE
PENSIONS
POLICY MAKERS
BANK
GOVERNMENT FINANCE
CREDIT
BUDGETS
MACROECONOMICS
DEMAND
SUSTAINABLE GROWTH
WORKING CAPITAL
PUBLIC EXPENDITURES
EXPENDITURES
LEASEHOLDS
PROPERTY
MANDATES
FISCAL YEAR
TRANSACTION COSTS
ENVIRONMENT
MARKET VALUE
MONETARY POLICIES
URBAN DEVELOPMENT
ECONOMICS
ACTUAL COST
PUBLIC DEBT
SUBSIDIARY
TAX REVENUE
GOVERNANCE
INFLATION RATES
INSURANCE
TAXATION
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
TRADE
LAND
ECONOMIES OF SCALE
RISK
COMMERCIAL BANKS
FINANCIAL MARKETS
TAX ADMINISTRATION
DECENTRALIZATION
REVENUE
LENDING
LIVING CONDITIONS
CAPITAL EXPENDITURES
FINANCIAL SYSTEMS
GOVERNMENTS
PRICES
OIL SECTOR
ECONOMIES
CONSOLIDATION
DEBT RELIEF
LENDING INSTITUTIONS




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