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Estimating the Association Between Women's Earnings and Partner Violence : Evidence from the 2008-2009 Tanzania National Panel Survey

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World Bank (WB)

Abstract: The aim of this study is to explore the relationship between women's labor market outcomes and partner violence among Tanzanian women, and to estimate the difference in women's weekly earnings between women who have been abused and women who have not. In addition, this study estimates the lost earnings to women because of partner violence as a share of Tanzania's gross domestic product. Partner violence is the most common form of violence against women and the adverse consequences for women s health have been well documented. Few studies have estimated the economic costs of partner violence in low- and middle-income countries and current evidence suggests that the cost is large. Using data from the nationally representative 2008-2009 Tanzania National Panel Survey, the study uses propensity score matching methods to estimate the difference in women's earnings from formal waged work and non-agricultural self-employment. Data on women's earnings from agricultural self-employment, the largest employment sector for women in Tanzania, were not collected in the survey. Findings from this study reveal that partner violence is pervasive in Tanzania and that abused women earn less than women who have never been abused, with the greatest loss of earnings experienced by women in formal waged work (compared to women in non-agricultural self-employment) and by women in urban areas (compared to women in rural areas).
Type: Publications & Research :: Working Paper
Publications & Research
Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10986/16696
Subject: ABUSE
ABUSED WOMAN
ABUSED WOMEN
ADOLESCENT
ADOLESCENT FERTILITY
ADOLESCENT GIRLS
ADOLESCENT WOMEN
ALCOHOL
ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION
ALCOHOL USE
BASIC NEEDS
BEATING
CASH CROPS
CHILDHOOD
CRIME
CRIMINAL
DEPRESSION
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
DEVELOPMENT POLICIES
DOMESTIC VIOLENCE
DOMESTIC VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN
EARLY MARRIAGE
ECONOMIC CHANGES
ECONOMIC EMPOWERMENT
ECONOMIC GROWTH
EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT
ELDERLY
EXPOSURE TO VIOLENCE
FAMILIES
FAMILY
FATHER
FEMALE
FEMALE GENITAL CUTTING
FEMALE HEADED HOUSEHOLDS
FEMALE POPULATION
FERTILITY RATES
FGC
FIRST SEXUAL EXPERIENCE
FORM OF VIOLENCE
FORM OF VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN
FORMS OF GENDER
FORMS OF VIOLENCE
FORMS OF VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN
GENDER
GENDER DISPARITY
GENDER FOCAL POINT
GENDER INEQUALITY
GENDER NORMS
GENDER RELATIONS
GENDER TRAINING
GENDER-BASED VIOLENCE
GIRLS
GROSS NATIONAL INCOME
HARASSMENT
HEALTH BURDEN
HEALTH POLICY
HEALTH SERVICE
HIV
HOME
HOUSE
HOUSEHOLD DUTIES
HOUSEHOLD INCOME
HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS
HOUSEHOLD WORK
HUMAN CAPITAL
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
HUSBANDS
ILL-HEALTH
INFORMAL SECTOR
INFORMATION ON WOMEN
INTERNATIONAL CENTER FOR RESEARCH ON WOMEN
INTERPERSONAL VIOLENCE
INTIMATE PARTNER
LABOR FORCE
LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION
LABOR MARKET
LABOR SUPPLY
LAW
LIFE EXPECTANCY
LIVES OF WOMEN
LIVING STANDARDS
MARITAL RAPE
MARRIAGE
MARRIAGE ACT
MATERNAL MORTALITY
MATERNAL MORTALITY RATIO
MEDICINE
MENTAL HEALTH
MOTHER
NATIONAL LEVELS
NATIONAL PRIORITY
NATIONAL STRATEGY
NUMBER OF CHILDREN
NUMBER OF WOMEN
OFFENSES
OLDER WOMEN
OPPORTUNITIES FOR WOMEN
OWNERSHIP OF LAND
PARTNERS
PHYSICAL VIOLENCE
POLYGAMY
POPULATION DIVISION
POPULATION ESTIMATES
POPULATION GROWTH
POPULATION GROWTH RATE
POPULATION INFORMATION
POPULATION INFORMATION PROGRAM
POPULATION SIZE
PRIMARY SCHOOL
PRIMARY SCHOOL EDUCATION
PRODUCTIVITY
PROGRESS
PROPERTY
PROPORTION OF WOMEN
PSYCHOLOGICAL ABUSE
PUBLIC HEALTH
RADIO
RAPE
RELIGIOUS LEADERS
REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH
REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH INDICATORS
RISK OF VIOLENCE
RURAL AREAS
RURAL WOMEN
SANITATION
SELF-ESTEEM
SERVICES
SEVERE PHYSICAL VIOLENCE
SEX
SEX TRAFFICKING
SEXUAL ASSAULT
SEXUAL INTERCOURSE
SEXUAL OFFENCES
SEXUAL PARTNER
SEXUAL VIOLENCE
SEXUAL VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN
SOCIAL AFFAIRS
SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS
SOURCE OF DRINKING WATER
SPOUSE
STATUS OF WOMEN
STD
TELEVISION
UNDP
UNEMPLOYMENT
UNITED NATIONS
URBAN AREAS
URBAN WOMEN
VICTIMS
VIOLENCE
VIOLENCE ON WOMEN
WHO
WIFE
WILL
WIVES
WOMAN
WOMEN
WOMEN ENTREPRENEURS
WOMEN'S HEALTH
WOMEN'S STATUS
WORK FORCE
WORKFORCE
WORKING WOMEN
WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION
YOUNG ADOLESCENT
YOUNG ADOLESCENT WOMEN




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