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Inequality of Outcomes and Inequality of Opportunity in Tanzania

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World Bank (WB)

Abstract: The paper investigates the structure and dynamics of consumption inequality and inequality of opportunity in Tanzania. The analysis covers the period 2001 to 2012. It reveals moderate and declining levels of consumption inequality at the national level, but increasing inequalities between geographic regions. Spatial inequalities are mainly driven by the disparities of households’ characteristics and endowments across geographic locations. An important part of these endowments results from intergenerational transmission of parental background. Father’s education appears as the most important background variable affecting consumption and income in Tanzania. Without appropriate policy actions, there are few chances for the next generations to spring out of the poverty and inequality lived by their parents, engendering risks of poverty and inequality traps in the country.
Type: Working Paper
Publications & Research
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10986/21992
Subject: HOUSEHOLD INCOMES
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTION
RISKS
HOUSEHOLD SIZE
CONSUMPTION EXPENDITURES
INCOME SHARE
IMPACT ON POVERTY
RURAL INEQUALITY
ECONOMIC GROWTH
GROUP INEQUALITIES
INCOME VARIABLES
CAPITAL ACCUMULATION
PUBLIC ECONOMICS
ILLITERACY
CUMULATIVE POPULATION
INCOME
EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES
REGIONAL LEVEL
INEQUALITY INDEX
COUNTERFACTUAL
ECONOMIC REVIEW
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
MEAN LOG DEVIATION
EGALITARIAN DISTRIBUTION
POLICY DISCUSSIONS
AVERAGE INEQUALITY
RURAL POOR
MEASURES
RURAL SECTORS
RURAL COMMUNITY
DEVELOPED COUNTRIES
POVERTY REDUCTION
POLICY MEASURES
RURAL DWELLERS
EARNINGS INEQUALITY
LABOR MARKET
INEQUALITY LEVELS
DISADVANTAGED AREAS
PER CAPITA INCOME
RURAL HOUSEHOLDS
DISCRIMINATION AGAINST WOMEN
PRODUCTIVE POTENTIAL
HOUSEHOLD HEAD
POOR HOUSEHOLD
RURAL INCOME
DESCRIPTIVE STATISTICS
ECONOMIC TRANSFORMATION
INEQUALITY MEASURES
INCOME INEQUALITY
RELATIVE IMPORTANCE
TRANSFERS
HOUSEHOLD INCOME
MEASUREMENT ERROR
POOR RURAL HOUSEHOLDS
HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS
QUANTILE REGRESSIONS
EMPIRICAL MODEL
PRODUCT
POOR GROWTH
HOUSEHOLD MEMBERS
INCOME DISPARITIES
HOUSEHOLD HEADS
ECONOMIC RESEARCH
EXTERNAL FACTORS
RURAL GAP
INCOME DATA
DECOMPOSITION RESULTS
CONSUMPTION
HUMAN CAPITAL
REDUCING POVERTY
RURAL COUNTERPARTS
INEQUALITY ESTIMATES
ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE
POPULATION SHARE
GROWTH PROSPECTS
RURAL LEVEL
RURAL FAMILY
MACROECONOMICS
REGRESSION RESULTS
GROWING ECONOMY
ABSOLUTE POVERTY
EMPLOYMENT STATUS
INCOMES
INEQUALITY COUNTRIES
RURAL
PRIVATE SECTOR
INCREASING INEQUALITIES
MIDDLE CLASS
HOUSEHOLD BUDGET
ECONOMIC THEORY
RURAL MARKETS
MEAN CONSUMPTION
POLICY PERSPECTIVE
IDIOSYNCRATIC SHOCKS
INEQUALITY MEASURE
POPULATION COMPOSITION
HUMAN CAPITAL ENDOWMENTS
ECONOMIC INEQUALITY
DATA SETS
TARGETING
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
HIGH INEQUALITY
INTERGENERATIONAL MOBILITY
DRINKING WATER
EXTREME POVERTY
IRRIGATION
INCOME SHARES
ACCESS TO SERVICES
RURAL AREAS
POVERTY
GINI COEFFICIENT
HOUSEHOLD CONSUMPTION
EXTERNAL SHOCKS
POPULATION SUB-GROUPS
HOUSEHOLD WELFARE
POLICY RESEARCH
POVERTY RATE
POOR
PRIMARY EDUCATION
MEASURING INEQUALITY
LINEAR REGRESSION
RURAL WELFARE
HIGH-INEQUALITY DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
GROWTH PROCESS
POVERTY ALLEVIATION
INEQUALITY
SECTOR EMPLOYEES
POOR HOUSEHOLDS




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