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Socioeconomic and Fiscal Impact of Large-Scale Gold Mining in Mali

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World Bank (WB)

Abstract: This paper analyzes the socioeconomic, fiscal, and governance impact of gold mining in Mali. The analysis finds that, at the national level, mining plays an important role by contributing to export earnings and overall government fiscal revenue. In 2013, the mining sector represented 7 percent of gross domestic product, contributed 1.5 percent to growth in total gross domestic product, and accounted for 65 percent of total export earnings and 25 percent of total government budget revenues. At the local level, despite higher population growth, there is some evidence that outcomes (poverty and infrastructure services) are marginally better in mining communes compared with non-mining communes. Local governments receive fiscal windfalls that are spent significantly on education capital expenditures and current expenditures (salaries and non-salaries). Non-salary current expenditures are 10 times higher in mining areas. Analysis of the political economy of public service provision at the local level suggests that technical or absorptive capacities may be the bottleneck to increasing the local benefit of mining instead of corruption or accountability.
Type: Working Paper
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
Publications & Research
Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10986/22891
Subject: SANITATION
LIVING STANDARDS
LOCAL DEVELOPMENT FUNDS
ECONOMIC GROWTH
EQUIPMENT
ACCOUNTING
PROFIT MARGINS
LOCAL CAPACITY
CITY
LOCAL ECONOMY
LOCAL INFRASTRUCTURE
FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT
COEFFICIENTS
MATERIALS
PUBLIC SECTOR
SECTORAL DISTRIBUTION
EXCHANGE
SPENDING
LOCAL GOVERNMENTS
FINANCIAL RESOURCES
CURRENT EXPENDITURES
SERVICES
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
TAX COLLECTION
HOUSING
EXPORTERS
POLITICAL ECONOMY
REVENUES
TAX BURDEN
EQUITY RETURNS
STREET CLEANING
TAX
INCOME TAX
BUDGETING
CORPORATE INCOME TAX
INTERNATIONAL BANK
FISCAL IMPACT
MUNICIPALITIES
BUDGET
CENTRAL BANK
TEXTBOOKS
PUBLIC SECTOR ACCOUNTING
INVESTMENT SPENDING
DISTRICT
WATER
TRANSFERS
MARKETS
LOCAL GOVERNMENT
POLLUTION
CAPITAL EXPENDITURE
LABOR
TAX REVENUES
DISTRICT LEVEL
RESERVES
EXPENDITURE PER CAPITA
GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT
METALS
FUELS
SUBSIDIES
PUBLIC
INFRASTRUCTURE
PUBLIC INVESTMENT
TAXES
EXPENDITURE
SUB-NATIONAL
EQUITY
LOCAL TAXES
LEAD
STATUTORY LAWS
GOOD
GOVERNMENT BUDGET
TURNOVER
ELECTRICITY
FISCAL BURDEN
RETURNS
BUDGETS
FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT CAPACITY
CENTRAL GOVERNMENT
OIL BOOM
REVENUE LEVELS
GOVERNMENT REVENUE
EXPENDITURES
PER CAPITA EXPENDITURES
LOCAL MARKETS
SHARES
MARKET
NATIONAL BUDGET
PUBLIC WORKS
PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS
STATE BUDGET
TREASURY
MANAGEMENT
ROADS
REVENUE COLLECTION
MINING
TAXATION
FISCAL SPACE
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
PUBLIC RESOURCES
PAPER
GOODS
LAND
SECURITY
DURABLE
INVESTMENT
IRRIGATION
SHARE
TAX SYSTEM
POVERTY
DECENTRALIZATION
REVENUE
PROFIT
INVESTMENTS
CAPITAL EXPENDITURES
POVERTY RATE
COMMUNITY
CAPITAL INVESTMENT
PUBLIC SPENDING
GOVERNMENTS
PUBLIC SERVICE
DISTRICTS
LOCAL CAPACITIES
PUBLIC GOODS




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