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Welfare Dynamics with Synthetic Panels : The Case of the Arab World in Transition

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World Bank (WB)

Abstract: This paper studies welfare dynamics, especially changes associated with middle-class status in countries in the Middle East and North Africa, before and after the Arab Spring transitions, using objective and subjective welfare measures. Absent panel data, the analysis employs state-of-the-art synthetic panel techniques using repeated cross sections of expenditure data from household surveys and subjective well-being data from value surveys, which were conducted during the 2000s and the Arab Spring period. The objective welfare dynamics indicate mixed trends. About half the poor in the 2000s moved out of poverty by the end of the decade, but chronic poverty remained high; upward mobility was strong in Syria and Tunisia, but downward mobility was pronounced in Yemen and Egypt. Subjective well-being dynamics suggest negative developments in most countries during the Arab Spring transitions. Low education achievement, informal worker status, and rural residency are positively associated with lower than average chances for upward mobility, and greater than average chances for downward mobility according to both types of welfare measures.
Type: Working Paper
Publications & Research
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
Link: http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2016/03/26050722/welfare-dynamics-synthetic-panels-case-arab-world-transition
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/24136
Subject: HOUSEHOLD SURVEY
CAPITA INCOME
POVERTY LINE
ECONOMIC GROWTH
NON-POOR GROUP
PRO- POOR
INCOME POVERTY
ECONOMIC LITERATURE
INCOME
NORMAL DISTRIBUTION
SCHOOLING
POVERTY RATES
INCOME REGIONS
ANNUAL GROWTH RATE
NATIONAL POVERTY LINE
REGIONAL LEVEL
TOTAL POVERTY
CONSUMPTION DATA
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
NATIONAL POVERTY
POLICY DISCUSSIONS
POOR PEOPLE
EXTREME POVERTY LINE
ESTIMATION RESULTS
ANNUAL GROWTH
DISAGGREGATED LEVEL
CONSUMPTION GROWTH
MEASURES
NATIONAL POVERTY LINES
REGION
POVERTY REDUCTION
ECONOMIC ACTIVITY
PER CAPITA INCOMES
PRO-POOR
MEASURING POVERTY
PER CAPITA INCOME
POPULATION GROUP
DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS
HOUSEHOLD HEAD
FOOD POVERTY LINE
INCOME CHANGE
INCOME INEQUALITY
VULNERABLE HOUSEHOLDS
DATA QUALITY
POVERTY INCIDENCE
INTERNATIONAL POVERTY LINE
HOUSEHOLD COMPOSITION
HOUSEHOLD INCOME
POVERTY STATUS
CHRONIC POVERTY
HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS
CONSUMPTION EXPENDITURE
CAPITA INCOMES
SOCIAL PROTECTION
INCOME LEVELS
PRODUCT
POOR GROWTH
WELFARE INDICATORS
CHANGES IN POVERTY
HOUSEHOLD HEADS
REGIONAL POPULATION
MARKET ECONOMIES
FOOD ITEMS
DEVELOPMENT RESEARCH
REGIONAL ANALYSIS
POVERTY LINES
CONSUMPTION
HUMAN CAPITAL
REGIONAL AVERAGE
REDUCING POVERTY
COUNTRY LEVEL
CUMULATIVE DISTRIBUTION
POPULATION SHARE
POOR POLICY
FOOD POVERTY
RURAL AREA
POLICY MAKERS
CHRONICALLY POOR
DISTRIBUTION FUNCTION
HOUSEHOLD DATA
INCOME DISTRIBUTIONS
DEVELOPING WORLD
INCOME DISTRIBUTION
ABSOLUTE POVERTY
REGIONAL PRICE
RURAL
REGIONAL CONTEXT
MIDDLE CLASS
HOUSEHOLD BUDGET
ECONOMICS
QUALITY OF LIFE
CUMULATIVE DISTRIBUTION FUNCTION
POOR POPULATION
PER CAPITA INCOME LEVELS
WELFARE MEASURES
POVERTY SITUATION
REGIONS
GROWTH RATE
WAR
EXTREME POVERTY
SIGNIFICANT DIFFERENCES
ABSOLUTE POVERTY LINE
POVERTY
HEADCOUNT POVERTY
REGIONAL AVERAGES
HOUSEHOLD CONSUMPTION
PRO-POOR GROWTH
POVERTY DYNAMICS
POLICY RESEARCH
POVERTY RATE
POOR
PRIMARY EDUCATION
WELFARE MEASURE
INDICATORS OF POVERTY
DEVELOPMENT INDICATORS
POLITICAL INSTABILITY
RURAL RESIDENCE
DEVELOPMENT POLICY
INCOME GROUPS
INEQUALITY
GROWTH
POOR HOUSEHOLDS




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