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Do Bilateral Social Security Agreements Deliver on the Portability of Pensions and Health Care Benefits? : A Summary Policy Paper on Four Migration Corridors between EU and Non-EU Member States

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World Bank (WB)

Abstract: This policy paper summarizes four corridor studies on bilateral social security agreements (BSSAs) between four European Union (EU) member and two non-member states, draws conclusions on their results, and offers recommendations. BSSAs between migrant-sending and migrant-receiving countries are seen as the most important instrument to establish portability of social security benefits for internationally mobile workers. Yet, only about 23 percent of international migrants profit from BSSAs and their functioning has been little analyzed and even less assessed. The four corridors studied (Austria-Turkey, Germany-Turkey, Belgium-Morocco, and France-Morocco) were selected to allow for comparison of both similarities and differences in experiences. The evaluation of these corridors’ BSSAs was undertaken against a methodological framework and three selected criteria: fairness for individuals, fiscal fairness for countries, and bureaucratic effectiveness for countries and migrant workers. The results suggest that the investigated BSSAs work and overall deliver reasonably well on individual fairness. The results on fiscal fairness are clouded by conceptual and empirical gaps. Bureaucratic effectiveness would profit from information and communication technology-based exchanges on both corridors once available.
Type: Working Paper
Publications & Research
Publications & Research :: Working Paper
Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10986/24731
Subject: ACCESS TO HEALTH CARE
EQUAL OPPORTUNITY
LABOR MIGRANTS
RISKS
LABOR FLOW
WORKFORCE
ECONOMIC GROWTH
INTERNATIONAL MOBILITY
ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION
OLD AGE
NATIONAL LAW
REPRESENTATIVES FROM MINISTRIES
SPOUSE
OPPORTUNITIES FOR WOMEN
QUALITY OF HEALTH CARE
FIRST CHILD
EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES
HEALTH CARE ACCESS
POPULATION FACTS
LABOR FORCE
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
HEALTH INSURANCE
DISCRIMINATION
IMMIGRANTS
HEALTH CARE
RETURNEES
LEGAL STATUS
RETURN MIGRATION
FAMILY MEMBERS
HEALTH
RETURN OF MIGRANTS
TREATIES
VULNERABILITY
BASIC HEALTH CARE
OLD-AGE
PUBLIC HEALTH
LIFE EXPECTANCY
SPOUSES
SAFETY NETS
TELEVISION
DEMOGRAPHERS
KNOWLEDGE
INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
LABOR MARKET
DISEASES
NATIONAL LEGISLATION
INTERVENTION
LOW-INCOME COUNTRIES
HOST COUNTRIES
HEALTH SYSTEMS
AGING
CITIZEN
MIGRATION
HEALTH CARE SERVICES
MODERNIZATION
SERVICE PROVIDER
INTERNATIONAL CONVENTIONS
LABOR SHORTAGES
MARRIAGE
SOCIAL SECURITY
OLD- AGE
ORPHANS
SERVICE DELIVERY
MIGRANTS
POLITICAL SUPPORT
HEALTH CARE SYSTEM
ELDERLY
RESPECT
PROGRESS
MIGRATION FLOWS
UNEMPLOYMENT
QUALITY CARE
MULTILATERAL AGREEMENTS
NATIONAL SECURITY
HUMAN CAPITAL
MIGRANT
FOOD SECURITY
TRANSPORTATION
WORKERS
POLICIES
POLYGAMY
PENSIONS
POLICY MAKERS
DIVORCE
LEISURE ACTIVITIES
SOCIAL POLICY
PURCHASING POWER
SAFETY NET
LONG-TERM CARE
INTERNATIONAL MIGRANT
URBAN AREAS
MIGRANT WORKERS
MEASUREMENT
DISSOLUTION OF MARRIAGE
POPULATIONS
INJURIES
MIGRANT-SENDING COUNTRIES
MOTHER
WORKSHOPS
TEMPORARY MIGRANTS
POLICY DEVELOPMENTS
ELDERLY PEOPLE
NATIONALS
EXCHANGE OF INFORMATION
POLICY
SOCIAL WELFARE
CITIZENS
SOCIAL POLICIES
INTERNATIONAL MIGRANTS
LEGAL MIGRANTS
HEALTH SYSTEM
SOCIAL AFFAIRS
SOCIAL SECTORS
WEIGHT
HUMAN RIGHTS
CHILDREN
CITIZENSHIP
WARS
WAR
WORLD POPULATION
HOST COUNTRY
NUMBER OF CHILDREN
TREATY
POPULATION MOVEMENT
IMMIGRATION
DISABILITY
POPULATION
LABOR SUPPLY
MIGRANT WOMEN
POLICY RESEARCH
STRATEGY
HOME COUNTRIES
REGISTRATION
HEALTH INSURERS
FAMILIES
LACK OF INFORMATION
WOMEN
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN
REMITTANCES
LABOR MARKETS
POLICY ANALYSIS
LABOR FORCES
PERSONAL COMMUNICATION
UNDOCUMENTED IMMIGRANTS
HEALTH CARE SYSTEMS
RECIPIENT COUNTRY
IMPLEMENTATION
HEALTH SERVICES
LONG-TERM MIGRANTS




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