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Adaptation to a Changing Climate in the Arab Countries : A Case for Adaptation Governance and Leadership in Building Climate Resilience

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World Bank (WB)

Abstract: Adapting to climate change is not a new phenomenon for the Arab world. For thousands of years, the people in Arab countries have coped with the challenges of climate variability by adapting their survival strategies to changes in rainfall and temperature. Their experience has contributed significantly to the global knowledge on climate change and adaptation. But over the next century global climatic variability is predicted to increase, and Arab countries may well experience unprecedented extremes in climate. Temperatures may reach new highs, and in most places there may be a risk of less rainfall. Under these circumstances, Arab countries and their citizens will once again need to draw on their long experience of adapting to the environment to address the new challenges posed by climate change. This report prepared through a consultative process with Government and other stakeholders in the Arab world assesses the potential effects of climate change on the Arab region and outlines possible approaches and measures to prepare for its consequences. It offers ideas and suggestions for Arab policy makers as to what mitigating actions may be needed in rural and urban settings to safeguard key areas such as health, water, agriculture, and tourism. The report also analyzes the differing impacts of climate change, with special attention paid to gender, as a means of tailoring strategies to address specific vulnerabilities. The socioeconomic impact of climate change will likely vary from country to country, reflecting a country's coping capacity and its level of development. Countries that are wealthier and more economically diverse are generally expected to be more resilient. The report suggests that countries and households will need to diversify their production and income generation, integrate adaptation into all policy making and activities, and ensure a sustained national commitment to address the social, economic, and environmental consequences of climate variability. With these coordinated efforts, the Arab world can, as it has for centuries, successfully adapt and adjust to the challenges of a changing climate.
Type: Publications & Research :: Publication
Publications & Research :: Publication
Link: 978-0-8213-9458-8
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/12216
Subject: ACTION ON CLIMATE CHANGE
AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
AGRICULTURAL POLICY
AGRICULTURAL PRACTICES
AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
AGRICULTURAL SUBSIDIES
AGRICULTURE PRODUCTION
AIR
AIR QUALITY
ALGAL BLOOMS
ANNUAL PRECIPITATION
ANNUAL RAINFALL
AQUIFERS
ARID AREAS
ARID ZONES
ASH
ASSESSMENT OF CLIMATE CHANGE
AWARENESS OF CLIMATE CHANGE
BARLEY
CATCHMENT AREAS
CIVIL SOCIETY
CIVIL SOCIETY PARTICIPATION
CLIMATE
CLIMATE ACTION
CLIMATE ADAPTATION
CLIMATE CHANGE
CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION
CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTS
CLIMATE CHANGE ISSUES
CLIMATE CHANGE PROJECTIONS
CLIMATE CHANGE STRATEGIES
CLIMATE CHANGES
CLIMATE DATA
CLIMATE DISASTERS
CLIMATE IMPACTS
CLIMATE INVESTMENT
CLIMATE MODELS
CLIMATE PREDICTIONS
CLIMATE PROJECTIONS
CLIMATE RELATED DISASTERS
CLIMATE RESILIENCE
CLIMATE RISKS
CLIMATE SHIFT
CLIMATE STATIONS
CLIMATE STRESS
CLIMATE TRENDS
CLIMATE VARIABILITY
CLIMATE-PROOF
CLIMATE-RELATED DISASTERS
CLIMATES
CLIMATIC RECORDS
CLIMATIC TRENDS
CLIMATOLOGY
CO
COASTAL AREAS
COLDER TEMPERATURES
COLORS
CONSERVATION OF NATURE
COPE WITH CLIMATE CHANGE
CORAL REEFS
DAMAGES
DECISION MAKERS
DECISION MAKING
DECISION MAKING PROCESS
DEMAND MANAGEMENT
DESALINATION
DESERTS
DEVELOPED COUNTRIES
DOMESTIC USERS
DRAINAGE SYSTEMS
DRINKING WATER
DROUGHT
DRY LANDS
DRYLANDS
DUST
ECONOMIC CONDITIONS
ECONOMIC DATA
ECONOMIC DIVERSIFICATION
ECONOMIC GROWTH
ECOSYSTEM
EFFICIENCY GAINS
EFFICIENT WATER USE
ENERGY USE
ENVIRONMENTAL
ENVIRONMENTS
EQUITABLE ACCESS
EROSION CONTROL
EVAPORATION
EXPOSURE TO CLIMATE HAZARDS
EXTREME CLIMATE EVENTS
EXTREME EVENTS
EXTREME HEAT
EXTREME HEAT EVENTS
EXTREME TEMPERATURES
EXTREME WEATHER
EXTREME WEATHER EVENTS
FARMING COMMUNITIES
FINANCIAL NEEDS
FINANCIAL RESOURCES
FINANCIAL SUPPORT
FLOODS
FOOD POLICY RESEARCH
FOOD PRODUCTION
FRAMEWORK CONVENTION ON CLIMATE CHANGE
GLOBAL CLIMATE
GROUNDWATER MANAGEMENT
GROUNDWATER RESERVES
HEALTH PROBLEMS
HEAVY RAINS
HIGH TEMPERATURES
IMPACT OF CLIMATE
IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE
IMPACTS OF CLIMATE VARIABILITY
IMPLICATIONS OF CLIMATE CHANGE
IMPORTS
INCOME
INDUSTRIAL USES
INDUSTRIAL WATER
INFORMATION ON CLIMATE
INFORMATION ON CLIMATE CHANGE
INSURANCE
INSURANCE SCHEMES
INTENSE RAINFALL
INTERGOVERNMENTAL PANEL ON CLIMATE CHANGE
IPCC
IRRIGATION SYSTEMS
JOBS
LARGE DAMS
LIVING CONDITIONS
MANAGEMENT OF ECOSYSTEMS
MARKET ECONOMY
MEAN ANNUAL TEMPERATURE CHANGE
MUNICIPAL USES
NEGATIVE IMPACTS
NUTRIENT LOADS
OPPORTUNITY COSTS
ORGANIC MATTER
PASTURES
PESTICIDE USE
POLICY MAKERS
POPULATION GROWTH
PRECIPITATION
PRODUCERS
PROPERTY RIGHTS
QUALITY STANDARDS
RAIN
RAINFALL
RAINFALL EVENTS
RAINFALL LEVELS
RAINFALL VARIABILITY
RENEWABLE ENERGY
RENEWABLE WATER RESOURCES
RESILIENCE TO CLIMATE CHANGE
RESOURCE MANAGEMENT
REVENUE LOSS
RISK MANAGEMENT
RIVERS
SALINE INTRUSION
SCARCE WATER
SCENARIOS
SEASON
SEAWATER
SERVICE DELIVERY
SEVERE WEATHER
SOCIOECONOMIC IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE
SOLAR RADIATION
STORM SURGES
SURFACE WATER
TEMPERATURE
TEMPERATURES
TEMPERATURES IN CITIES
UNCERTAINTIES
UNEMPLOYMENT
VULNERABILITY TO CLIMATE CHANGE
WAGES
WARMER CLIMATE
WASTEWATER TREATMENT
WATER AVAILABILITY
WATER CONDITIONS
WATER DEMAND
WATER INFRASTRUCTURE
WATER PRICES
WATER PRICING
WATER QUALITY
WATER RESOURCE
WATER RESOURCE MANAGEMENT
WATER RESOURCES
WATER REUSE
WATER SAVINGS
WATER SCARCITY
WATER SERVICES
WATER SUPPLY
WATER USE
WEATHER CONDITIONS
WEATHER EXTREMES
WEATHER PATTERNS
WELLS




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