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Universal Health Coverage for Inclusive and Sustainable Development : Country Summary Report for Ethiopia

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World Bank (WB)

Abstract: A low-income country, Ethiopia has made impressive progress in improving health outcomes. The Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation reported that Ethiopia has achieved Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 4, three years ahead of target, with under-5 mortality at 68 per 1,000 live births in 2012. Significant challenges remain, however, with the maternal mortality ratio at 420 out of 100,000 live births. The government has introduced a three-tier public health care delivery system to deliver essential health services and ensure referral linkages, with level three as specialized hospitals (one per 3.5 million 5 million population), level two as general hospitals (one per 1 million 1.5 million), level one as primary hospitals (one per 60,000 100,000) with satellite health centers (one per 15,000 25,000) and health posts (one per 3,000 5,000). One initiative contributing greatly toward universal health coverage (UHC) is the Health Extension Program (HEP) that provides free primary care services at health posts and communities. The country is at its early stage initiating insurance schemes to provide financial protection for its citizens: Social Health Insurance (SHI) for formal sector employees and Community-Based Health Insurance (CBHI) for rural residents and informal sector employees. Public facilities are expected to provide exempted services for free, and there is a fee-waiver system for the poor.
Type: Working Paper
Publications & Research
Publications & Research :: Working Paper
Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10986/22571
Subject: ACCESS TO HEALTH SERVICES
ACCESS TO PRIMARY HEALTH CARE
ADMINISTRATIVE CONTROL
ADOLESCENT REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH
AGGRESSIVE
AMBULATORY SERVICES
ANTENATAL CARE
BIRTH ATTENDANTS
BLOCK GRANTS
CAPACITY BUILDING
CAPITAL EXPENDITURE
CHILD DEATH
CHILD HEALTH
CHILD MORBIDITY
CHILD MORTALITY
CHILDHOOD VACCINATION
CITIZEN
CITIZENS
COMMUNICABLE DISEASES
COMMUNITY HEALTH
COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION
CONTRACEPTIVE PREVALENCE
CONTRACEPTIVE USE
COUNSELING
DELIVERY SYSTEM
DIET
DISABILITY
DISSEMINATION
DOCTORS
ECONOMIC GROWTH
EQUALITY OF OPPORTUNITY
ESSENTIAL COMMODITIES
ESSENTIAL HEALTH SERVICES
EXERCISES
EXPENDITURES
FAMILIES
FAMILY HEALTH
FAMILY HEALTH SERVICES
FAMILY MEMBERS
FAMILY PLANNING
FEE-FOR-SERVICE
FERTILITY
FERTILITY RATE
FINANCIAL BARRIERS
FINANCIAL COMMITMENT
FINANCIAL PROTECTION
FIRST AID
GENERIC DRUGS
GOVERNMENT CAPACITY
GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT
GROSS NATIONAL INCOME
HEALTH CARE
HEALTH CARE COVERAGE
HEALTH CARE DELIVERY
HEALTH CARE FINANCING
HEALTH CARE SERVICES
HEALTH CENTERS
HEALTH COVERAGE
HEALTH EDUCATION
HEALTH EXPENDITURE
HEALTH EXPENDITURES
HEALTH EXTENSION
HEALTH FACILITIES
HEALTH FINANCING
HEALTH INDICATORS
HEALTH INFRASTRUCTURE
HEALTH INSURANCE
HEALTH OUTCOMES
HEALTH POLICY
HEALTH POSTS
HEALTH PROFESSIONALS
HEALTH RESOURCES
HEALTH RISKS
HEALTH SECTOR
HEALTH SECTOR REFORM
HEALTH SERVICE
HEALTH SERVICE DELIVERY
HEALTH SERVICES
HEALTH SPECIALIST
HEALTH SPENDING
HEALTH SYSTEM
HEALTH SYSTEMS
HEALTH WORKERS
HEALTH WORKFORCE
HIV
HIV/AIDS
HOSPITAL
HOSPITAL BEDS
HOSPITALS
HUMAN RESOURCES
HYGIENE
ILLNESS
IMMUNIZATION
IMPROVEMENT OF HEALTH
INCOME
INCOME GROWTH
INEQUITIES
INFANT
INFANT MORTALITY
INFANT MORTALITY RATE
INFORMAL SECTOR
INPATIENT CARE
INSURANCE SCHEMES
LABOR MARKET
LEPROSY
LIFE EXPECTANCY
LIFE EXPECTANCY AT BIRTH
LIMITED RESOURCES
LIVE BIRTHS
LOCAL CAPACITY
LOCAL HEALTH CENTERS
LOCAL PRODUCTION
LOW-INCOME COUNTRY
MALARIA
MANDATES
MATERNAL DEATH
MATERNAL MORTALITY
MATERNAL MORTALITY RATIO
MEDICINES
MIDWIVES
MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOAL
MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS
MINISTRY OF EDUCATION
MINISTRY OF HEALTH
MORBIDITY
MORTALITY
MOTHER
MOTHER-TO-CHILD
MOTHER-TO-CHILD TRANSMISSION
NATIONAL GOALS
NATIONAL HEALTH
NATIONAL HEALTH POLICY
NATIONAL POLICIES
NONGOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS
NORMAL DELIVERIES
NURSES
NURSING
NUTRITION
OBSTETRIC CARE
OUTPATIENT CARE
PERSONAL HYGIENE
PHARMACY
PHYSICIANS
POCKET PAYMENTS
POLICY DECISIONS
POPULATION GROUPS
POSTNATAL CARE
PPM
PRACTITIONERS
PRIMARY CARE
PRIMARY EDUCATION
PRIMARY HEALTH CARE
PRIMARY HEALTH FACILITIES
PROFESSIONAL ASSOCIATIONS
PROGRESS
PROVIDER PAYMENT
PROVISION OF HEALTH SERVICES
PUBLIC EXPENDITURE
PUBLIC EXPENDITURE ON HEALTH
PUBLIC HEALTH
PUBLIC HEALTH CARE
PUBLIC HEALTH EXPENDITURE
PUBLIC SECTOR
PURCHASING POWER
PURCHASING POWER PARITY
QUALITY OF HEALTH
QUALITY OF SERVICES
REDUCING MATERNAL MORTALITY
REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH
RESEARCH CENTERS
RESOURCE ALLOCATION
RESOURCE CONSTRAINTS
RESOURCE NEEDS
RURAL AREAS
RURAL COMMUNITIES
RURAL POPULATION
RURAL POPULATIONS
RURAL RESIDENTS
SAFETY MEASURES
SANITATION
SCREENING
SECONDARY EDUCATION
SECONDARY SCHOOL
SERVICE PROVIDERS
SERVICE PROVISION
SERVICE QUALITY
SKILLED BIRTH ATTENDANCE
SMALLER HOUSEHOLDS
SOCIAL HEALTH INSURANCE
SOCIAL SECTORS
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
SUSTAINABLE HEALTH CARE
TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE
TRADITIONAL BIRTH ATTENDANTS
TRAINING OF HEALTH PROFESSIONALS
TREATMENT SERVICES
TUBERCULOSIS
UNDER-FIVE MORTALITY
UNFPA
UNITED NATIONS POPULATION DIVISION
UNITED NATIONS POPULATION FUND
UNIVERSAL ACCESS
URBAN AREAS
USE OF RESOURCES
USER FEES
VACCINATION
VOCATIONAL EDUCATION
VOCATIONAL TRAINING
WASTE
WORKERS
WORKPLACE




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