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Tanzania: Country Brief

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World Bank (WB)

Abstract: The name Tanzania is a portmanteau of Tanganyika, the mainland, and Zanzibar, the nearby archipelago in the Indian Ocean. The two united to become the United Republic of Tanzania in 1964. With a surface area of 947,300 square kilometers, Tanzania is comparable in size to Nigeria and is slightly more than twice the size of the U.S. state of California. Tanzania's population of approximately 40.4 million (as of 2007) is the second largest in East Africa, after Ethiopia's. Dar es Salaam, the most populous city, contains approximately 2.7 million people and accounts for most commercial activity. Swahili (or Kiswahili) and English are the two official languages of Tanzania. A large number of local languages are also spoken. In Zanzibar, Arabic is commonly used. Agriculture remains the mainstay of Tanzania's economy, accounting for one-quarter of gross domestic product (GDP) and approximately 80 percent of employment. Tanzania is endowed with mineral and natural resources, including gold, diamonds, and several other precious and semiprecious stones. The blue gemstone tanzanite is found only in Tanzania. Tanzania accounted for almost two percent of world gold production as of 2006. Tanzania has a long history of hosting refugee's fleeing civil wars in nearby countries. As of January 2008, there were more than 380,000 refugees living in Tanzania, predominantly from Burundi and the Democratic Republic of Congo. Tanzania is an up-market tourism destination. The country is endowed with a variety of tourism assets, including seven United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) world heritage sites and numerous wildlife parks, beach resorts, coral reefs, and spectacular scenic mountain views.
Type: Publications & Research :: Publication
Publications & Research :: Publication
Link: 978-0-8213-7868-7
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/2629
Subject: ACCOUNTING
ADULT LITERACY
AGRICULTURAL OUTPUT
ARABLE LAND
ARMED CONFLICT
BASIC EDUCATION
BASIC NEEDS
BIODIVERSITY
BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY
CARBON
CARBON EMISSIONS
CASH CROPS
CHILD MORTALITY
CLIMATE CHANGE
COAL
COMMERCIAL BANKS
COMPLICATIONS
CONTRACEPTIVE PREVALENCE
CPI
DEBT
DEBT REDUCTION
DEFORESTATION
DEVELOPMENT EFFORTS
DISEASES
DISPOSABLE INCOME
DISSEMINATION
DRUGS
EARLY PREGNANCIES
EARNINGS
ECOLOGICAL BALANCE
ECOLOGY
ECONOMIC ACTIVITY
ECONOMIC CONDITIONS
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
ECONOMIC GROWTH
ECONOMIC SITUATION
ELECTRICITY GENERATION
EMERGENCY OBSTETRIC CARE
EMISSIONS
EMPLOYMENT OF WOMEN
ENDANGERED SPECIES
ENERGY CONSUMPTION
ENERGY USE
ENVIRONMENTAL
ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE
ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT
ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES
ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT
ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION
EXCHANGE RATE
EXPLOITATION
FARMING COMMUNITIES
FAST POPULATION GROWTH
FERTILITY
FINANCIAL CRISIS
FINANCIAL RESOURCES
FINANCIAL SECTOR
FINANCIAL SECTORS
FINANCIAL SERVICES
FISH
FISHERIES
FISHING
FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT
FOREIGN INVESTMENT
FORESTRY
FUTURE EARNINGS
GENDER DISPARITY
GENDER EQUALITY
GENDER EQUITY
GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE
GNP
GOVERNMENT CAPACITY
GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT
GROSS NATIONAL INCOME
GROSS NATIONAL PRODUCT
HAZARDOUS WASTES
HEALTH CARE
HEALTH SECTOR
HETEROSEXUAL INTERCOURSE
HIV
HOSPITAL
HOUSEHOLD LEVEL
HUMAN SETTLEMENT
HUMAN SETTLEMENTS
HUMAN WELFARE
ILLNESSES
IMMIGRANTS
IMPORTS
INCOME
INCOME INEQUALITY
INCOME LEVELS
INCOME TAXES
INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT
INFANT
INFANT MORTALITY
INFANT MORTALITY RATE
INFLATION
INTERNATIONAL TRADE
LABOR FORCE
LABOR PRODUCTIVITY
LAND DEGRADATION
LAND PRODUCTIVITY
LAND TENURE
LEGAL RIGHTS
LEGAL STATUS
LEGISLATION
LEVEL OF EDUCATION
LEVELS OF EDUCATION
LIFE EXPECTANCY
LIVE BIRTHS
LOCAL COMMUNITIES
LOGGING
LOW BIRTH WEIGHT
LOW INCOME
LOW LABOR PRODUCTIVITY
LOW-INCOME
LOW-INCOME COUNTRIES
LOW-INCOME COUNTRY
MALARIA
MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS
MARKET PRICES
MATERNAL DEATHS
MATERNAL MORTALITY
MATERNAL MORTALITY RATIO
MEASLES
MEASLES IMMUNIZATION
MEDIUM ENTERPRISES
METALS
MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS
MINES
MINISTRY OF HEALTH
MINORITY
MONETARY POLICY
MORTALITY RATE
MOTHER
MOTHER-TO-CHILD
MOTHER-TO-CHILD TRANSMISSION
NATIONAL INCOME
NATIONAL STRATEGY
NATURAL ENVIRONMENT
NATURAL RESOURCES
NUMBER OF AIDS ORPHANS
NUMBER OF PEOPLE
NUMERICAL TARGETS
NUTRITION
OFFICIAL DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE
OFFICIAL LANGUAGES
OIL
OIL EQUIVALENT
OVERGRAZING
OZONE LAYER
POLITICAL PARTIES
POLITICAL PARTY
POLLUTION
POLLUTION CONTROL
POOR HOUSEHOLDS
POOR PEOPLE
POPULAR SUPPORT
POPULATION AGE STRUCTURE
POPULATION DENSITY
POVERTY LINE
POVERTY REDUCTION
POWER OUTAGES
PRECIPITATION
PREGNANT WOMEN
PRENATAL CARE
PRIMARY EDUCATION
PRIMARY SCHOOL
PRIMARY SCHOOLING
PRIVATE CONSUMPTION
PRODUCERS
PRODUCTIVITY
PROGRESS
PROPERTY RIGHTS
PUBLIC ACCOUNTABILITY
PUBLIC INVESTMENTS
PUBLIC SERVICES
PURCHASING POWER
PURCHASING POWER PARITY
RATE OF POPULATION GROWTH
REFUGEES
REMITTANCE
REMITTANCES
RESEARCH ASSISTANCE
RURAL AREAS
RURAL POPULATION
SANITATION
SANITATION FACILITIES
SECONDARY EDUCATION
SECONDARY SCHOOL
SECURITIES
SERVICE DELIVERY
SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT
SOCIAL SERVICES
SOCIAL WELFARE
SOIL DEGRADATION
SOIL EROSION
SUBSISTENCE FARMING
SUPPLY CHAINS
SUSTAINABLE ACCESS
SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENT
SUSTAINABLE USE
TAX RATES
TAX REVENUE
TERTIARY EDUCATION
TERTIARY LEVEL
TIMBER
TOLERANCE
TRANSPORTATION
TUBERCULOSIS
UNIVERSAL PRIMARY EDUCATION
URBAN AREAS
URBAN CENTERS
URBAN INFRASTRUCTURE
URBANIZED COUNTRIES
VULNERABILITY
WAGE
WAGES
WARS
WASTE MANAGEMENT
WATER POLLUTION
WATER RESOURCES
WATER SUPPLIES
WEATHER PATTERNS
WETLANDS
WORKFORCE
WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION
YOUNG CHILDREN




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