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Does MENA's Governance Lead to Spatial Agglomeration and Disparities?

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World Bank (WB)

Abstract: In this paper the author analyze the link between spatial agglomeration, spatial disparities and political governance with an emphasis on the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. The agglomeration index and the urban-rural consumption ratio are used respectively as a measurement of spatial agglomeration and spatial disparities. The author distinguishes two aspects of political governance: political rights and political stability. Statistically, we find that agglomeration rate is higher in MENA, whereas the indexes of political rights and political stability are lower in MENA compared to the rest of the world and other lower middle income countries. When running the regressions, the data better fit the agglomeration model than the urban-rural consumption ratio model. Using cross-sectional data for 182 countries around the world, the author find that the political rights index is negatively and significantly linked to the agglomeration rate. Our results suggest that an improvement in MENA countries' level of political rights to the average of the rest of the world would be associated with agglomeration rate 4 percentage points lower than its average level in the region. The data also reveal an inverted-U relationship between the agglomeration rate and Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita, and a negative relationship between trade openness and the agglomeration rate.
Type: Working Paper
Publications & Research
Publications & Research :: Working Paper
Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10986/27377
Subject: ACCOUNTABILITY
AGRICULTURAL POPULATION
AGRICULTURE
AVERAGE LEVEL
AVERAGE PERFORMANCE
BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT
CITIZENS
COMPETITIVENESS
COUNTRY CLASSIFICATION
COUNTRY SIZE
CROSS-COUNTRY ANALYSIS
CROSS-SECTIONAL DATA
CULTURAL CHANGE
DATA SET
DEBT
DECENTRALIZATION
DEMOCRACY
DEPENDENT VARIABLE
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS
ECONOMETRIC ANALYSIS
ECONOMETRIC MODELS
ECONOMIC ACTIVITY
ECONOMIC CONCENTRATION
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
ECONOMIC GEOGRAPHY
ECONOMIC GROWTH
ECONOMIC HISTORY
ECONOMIC INTEGRATION
ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITIES
ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE
ECONOMIC POLICY
ECONOMIC RESEARCH
ECONOMIC REVIEW
ECONOMIC TRANSFORMATION
EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE
EMPIRICAL LITERATURE
EXPLANATORY FACTORS
EXPLANATORY VARIABLE
EXPORTS
EXTERNAL ACCOUNTABILITY
FAMILY PLANNING
FERTILITY
FOOD SECURITY
FOREIGN EXCHANGE
GDP
GDP PER CAPITA
GENERAL EQUILIBRIUM ANALYSIS
GOVERNANCE INDICATORS
GOVERNANCE QUALITY
HIGH GROWTH
HIV
HUMAN CAPITAL
INCOME
INCOME INEQUALITY
INCREASING RETURNS
INDUSTRIALIZATION
INEQUALITY
INTERNATIONAL COMPARISONS
INTERNATIONAL TRADE
INVENTORIES
INVERTED-U RELATIONSHIP
INVESTMENT CLIMATE
JOB CREATION
LABOR MARKET
LABOUR FORCE
LAND TENURE
LARGE POPULATION
LEVEL OF DEVELOPMENT
LIVING STANDARDS
LOCAL GOVERNMENTS
LOW INCOME
LOW INCOME COUNTRIES
MACROECONOMIC MANAGEMENT
MEAN VALUE
MEASUREMENT ERRORS
MEDIAN VOTER
MIDDLE INCOME COUNTRIES
MIGRATION
MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS
NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
NATIONAL GOVERNMENTS
NATURAL RESOURCES
NEGATIVE EFFECT
NEGATIVE LINK
NEGATIVE RELATIONSHIP
NUTRITION
POLICY IMPLICATIONS
POLICY MAKERS
POLICY OPTIONS
POLICY RESEARCH
POLICY RESEARCH WORKING PAPER
POLITICAL ECONOMY
POLITICAL INSTABILITY
POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS
POLITICAL PARTIES
POLITICAL PROCESS
POLITICAL RIGHTS
POLITICAL SCIENCE
POLITICAL STABILITY
POPULATION DENSITY
POPULATION SIZE
POSITIVE CORRELATION
POSITIVE EFFECT
PRIMATE CITY
PROGRESS
PUBLIC DEBT
PUBLIC EXPENDITURE
PUBLIC POLICIES
PUBLIC SECTOR
PUBLIC SERVICES
PURCHASING POWER
PURCHASING POWER PARITY
REGIONAL DIFFERENCES
REGIONAL GROWTH
REGIONAL INEQUALITY
RURAL AREAS
RURAL DEVELOPMENT
RURAL POPULATIONS
SECTOR EMPLOYMENT
SIGNIFICANT DIFFERENCES
SIGNIFICANT EFFECT
SIGNIFICANT RELATIONSHIP
SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT
SOCIAL SCIENCES
STATISTICAL ANALYSIS
TAX SYSTEM
TAXATION
TELECOMMUNICATIONS
TOTAL FACTOR PRODUCTIVITY
TRADE LIBERALIZATION
TRADE POLICY
TRANSPORTATION
URBAN AREAS
URBAN DEVELOPMENT
URBAN POPULATION
URBANIZATION
URBANIZATION RATE




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