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Migration and Skills : The Experience of Migrant Workers from Albania, Egypt, Moldova, and Tunisia

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World Bank (WB)

Abstract: The subject of migration, and how best to manage it, has been moving up the policy agenda of the European Union for some time now. Faced with an aging population, possible skills shortages at all skills levels, and the need to compete for highly skilled migrants with countries such as Australia, Canada, and the United States, the European Union (EU) is moving from seeing migration as a problem or a threat to viewing it as an opportunity. As an EU agency promoting skills and human capital development in transition and developing countries, the European Training Foundation (ETF) wished to explore the impact of migration on skills development, with a special emphasis on Diasporas and returning migrants. For the World Bank, the issue of migration forms an integral part of its approach to social protection, since it believes that labor-market policy must take into account the national as well the international dimensions of skilled labor mobility. Both institutions were keen to look at what changes need to be made to migration policy in order to achieve a triple-win situation, one that can benefit both sending and receiving countries as well as the migrants themselves. This report aims to unravel the complex relationship between migration and skills development. It paints a precise picture of potential and returning migrants from four very different countries, Albania, the Arab Republic of Egypt, Moldova, and Tunisia, that is a conscious choice of two 'traditional' (Egypt, Tunisia) and two 'new' (Albania, Moldova) sending countries, and describes the skills they possess and the impact that the experience of migration has on their skills development. It is harder to draw accurate conclusions on the link between job aspirations and current employment status, since many of the potential migrants were not actively employed at the time of the interview. However, the data suggest people did expect to change jobs as a result of migration, and the sectors they expected to work in varied according to their nationality. Focusing solely on those planning to move to the EU, many Albanians expected to work in domestic service, hospitality, and construction; Egyptians expected to work in hospitality and construction; Moldovans expected to work in domestic service and construction; and Tunisians expected to work in hospitality and manufacturing. Few migrants working in agriculture or petty trade aimed to work in these same sectors while abroad.
Type: Publications & Research :: Publication
Publications & Research :: Publication
Link: http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/main?menuPK=64187510&pagePK=64193027&piPK=64187937&theSitePK=523679&menuPK=64187510&searchMenuPK=64187283&siteName=WDS&entityID=000333037_20100325011000
978-0-8213-8079-6
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/2421
Subject: ACCESS TO EDUCATION
ADULT EDUCATION
ADULT POPULATION
ARCHAEOLOGY
ASYLUM
ASYLUM POLICY
BASIC EDUCATION
BRAIN DRAIN
CITIZEN
CITIZENS
CITIZENSHIP
CONSEQUENCES OF MIGRATION
COUNTRIES OF ORIGIN
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN
CULTURAL CHANGE
CURRENT POPULATION
DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGES
DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
DEVELOPMENT POLICIES
DIASPORA
DISSEMINATION
ECONOMIC GROWTH
EDUCATED MEN
EDUCATED WOMEN
EDUCATION SYSTEMS
EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT
EMERGENCY SITUATIONS
EMIGRANTS
EMIGRATION
EMIGRATION POLICIES
EMPLOYMENT GENERATION
ENTREPRENEURSHIP
EQUAL OPPORTUNITIES
EXPATRIATES
FAMILIES
FAMILY MEMBERS
FAMILY REUNIFICATION
FEMALE MIGRANTS
FERTILITY
FERTILITY RATE
FERTILITY RATES
FEWER WOMEN
FINANCIAL CONSTRAINTS
FLOW OF MIGRANTS
FORMAL EDUCATION
GENDER
GENDER BIAS
GOVERNMENT PROGRAMS
HEALTH CARE
HOME COUNTRIES
HOST COUNTRIES
HOST COUNTRY
HOUSEHOLDS
HUMAN CAPITAL
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
ILLEGAL MIGRANTS
IMMIGRANTS
IMMIGRATION
IMMIGRATION COUNTRIES
IMMIGRATION POLICY
IMMIGRATION SYSTEM
IMPACT OF MIGRATION
INCOME-GENERATING ACTIVITIES
INFORMATION DISSEMINATION
INFORMATION SYSTEM
INSURANCE
INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION FOR MIGRATION
INTERNATIONAL POLICY
INTERNATIONAL TRADE
IRREGULAR MIGRATION
JOB OPPORTUNITIES
LABOR MARKET
LABOR MARKETS
LABOR MIGRATION
LABOR SHORTAGES
LAWS
LEGAL STATUS
LEVEL OF EDUCATION
LEVELS OF EDUCATION
LIFELONG LEARNING
LOCAL COMMUNITY
LOCAL DEVELOPMENT
LOCAL ECONOMY
LONG-TERM RESIDENTS
MARITAL STATUS
MIGRANT
MIGRANT WORKERS
MIGRANTS
MIGRATION
MIGRATION FLOWS
MIGRATION FOR EMPLOYMENT
MIGRATION ISSUES
MIGRATION PATTERNS
MIGRATION POLICIES
MIGRATION POLICY
MIGRATION PROCESS
MINORITY
MOBILITY
MUNICIPALITIES
NATIONAL STRATEGY
NATIONALS
NUMBER OF CHILDREN
NUMBER OF PEOPLE
PENSIONS
POLICIES ON MIGRATION
POLICY CHANGE
POLICY DEVELOPMENT
POLICY DISCUSSIONS
POTENTIAL CONTRIBUTION
POTENTIAL MIGRANTS
PUBLIC DEBATE
PUSH FACTOR
QUALITY OF EDUCATION
REFUGEE
REMIGRATION
REMITTANCES
REMITTANCES FROM MIGRANTS
RESEARCH TECHNIQUES
RETURN MIGRATION
RETURN OF MIGRANTS
RETURNEES
SAVINGS
SECONDARY EDUCATION
SIGNIFICANT POLICY
SKILLED MIGRANTS
SKILLED WORKERS
SKILLS DEVELOPMENT
SOCIAL AFFAIRS
SOCIAL CAPITAL
SOCIAL CHANGE
SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT
SOCIAL NETWORKS
SOCIAL POLICIES
SOCIAL SCIENCES
SOCIAL SECURITY
SOCIAL WELFARE
SOCIETIES
SOCIOECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
SOCIOECONOMIC FACTORS
SOCIOLOGY
SPOUSE
SUBSIDIARY
TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE
TEMPORARY MIGRATION
TERTIARY EDUCATION
TOWNS
TRAINING CENTERS
TRANSPORT
TREATY
UNEMPLOYMENT
UNEMPLOYMENT RATES
VILLAGES
VOCATIONAL EDUCATION
WAR
WOMAN
WORK EXPERIENCE
WORKFORCE
WORKING CONDITIONS
YOUNG ADULT
YOUNG ADULTS
YOUNG PEOPLE




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