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United Republic of Tanzania Public Expenditure Review FY03 : Managing Public Expenditures for Poverty Reduction - Report on Fiscal Developments and Public Expenditure Management Issues

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World Bank (WB)

Abstract: In line with the Poverty Reduction Strategy (PRS) context, this external evaluation looks at budgetary developments, primarily through the lens of the PRS, thus with important implications for the Public Expenditure Review (PER) process, which has evolved into the principal analytic instrument to support the translation of PRS objectives and strategies, into budgets. Overall fiscal policy remained very conservative in FY02, and FY03. Tanzania continues to use a cash budget system that strictly constrains spending, and commitment levels to short term availability of cash. While the system was clearly useful, improvements in budget and aid management put the continued use of a cash budget system into question; thus it is advisable to revisit options for relaxing the stringency of the cash budget. Nevertheless, the revenue to gross domestic product (GDP) ratio, fell marginally to 12.1 percent in FY02, but is projected to reach 12.5 percent in FY03, therefore, with respect to new tax policy measures, it will be important to pay attention to the impact of such measures on poverty and growth. However, given that foreign assistance increased in FY02 to 5.9 percent of GDP, and is projected to increase to 7.9 percent in FY03, there is the need to pursue policies that would support Tanzania's international competitiveness, and minimize the potential "Dutch disease" effects of aid. Upon review of the micro-aspects of development assistance, it would be useful to improve the scope of the information, and in turn, the Ministry of Finance ( MoF) should routinely obtain this information, so as to incorporate/synchronize it with current aid flow data bases. Further recommendations address functional allocation of resources and distribution, requirements concerning auditing, and reporting standards, and, the inclusion of participatory monitoring and evaluation, as an important feedback mechanism into the PER process.
Type: Economic & Sector Work :: Public Expenditure Review
Economic & Sector Work
Link: http://hdl.handle.net/10986/14647
Subject: ACCOUNT
ACCOUNTABILITY
ACCOUNTING
ACCOUNTS
AGGREGATE FISCAL DISCIPLINE
ALLOCATION OF RESOURCES
AUDITING
AUDITORS
AUDITS
BENEFIT INCIDENCE
BUDGET ALLOCATIONS
BUDGET CLASSIFICATION
BUDGET IMPLEMENTATION
BUDGET MANAGEMENT
BUDGET PROCESS
BUDGET SYSTEM
BUDGETING
CENTRAL GOVERNMENT
CIVIL SOCIETY
COMMERCIAL BANKS
CONSENSUS
COST ESTIMATES
COUNCILS
COUNTRY OWNERSHIP
CUSTOMS EXEMPTIONS
DEBT
DEBT SERVICE
DISTRICTS
DOMESTIC BORROWING
DONOR ASSISTANCE
ECONOMIC GROWTH
ECONOMIC STABILITY
ECONOMIC STRUCTURE
ELECTRICITY
EMPLOYMENT
EXCHANGE RATE
FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT
FINANCIAL SYSTEMS
FISCAL
FISCAL DEFICIT
FISCAL INCENTIVES
FISCAL MANAGEMENT
FISCAL PERFORMANCE
FISCAL POLICY
FOREIGN ASSISTANCE
FOREIGN BORROWING
GOVERNMENT
GOVERNMENT BUDGETS
GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURES
GOVERNMENT MINISTRIES
GOVERNMENT POLICY
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT REPORT
INFLATION
LABOR FORCE
LABOR FORCE SURVEY
LOCAL AUTHORITIES
LOCAL AUTHORITY
LOCAL GOVERNMENT
LOCAL GOVERNMENT BUDGETS
LONG TERM
LONG-TERM PERSPECTIVE
MINISTRY OF FINANCE
PARTICIPATORY MONITORING
POLICY MEASURES
POVERTY ALLEVIATION
POVERTY REDUCTION
POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY
PRIMARY EDUCATION
PRIMARY HEALTH CARE
PROCUREMENT
PUBLIC EXPENDITURE
PUBLIC EXPENDITURE MANAGEMENT
PUBLIC EXPENDITURE REVIEW
PUBLIC EXPENDITURES
PUBLIC FUNDS
PUBLIC POLICY
PUBLIC SECTOR
REAL ECONOMIC GROWTH
RECURRENT EXPENDITURES
REPRESENTATIVES
RESOURCE ALLOCATION
RESOURCE ALLOCATIONS
REVENUE PERFORMANCE
ROADS
SAVINGS
SECTOR MINISTRIES
SERVICE DELIVERY
SHORT TERM
SOCIAL EXPENDITURES
SOCIAL SECTOR
TASK TEAM LEADER
TAX
TAX EXEMPTIONS
TAX POLICY
TAX SYSTEM
TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE
TECHNOCRATIC
TRANSPARENCY
WAGES PUBLIC EXPENDITURES
POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGIES
FISCAL POLICY
BUDGET SYSTEMS
CASH FLOW
PUBLIC SPENDING
BUDGET PROCESS
AID ALLOCATION
GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT
REVENUE MEASURES
TAX POLICY
FOREIGN ASSISTANCE
COMPETITIVENESS
POLICY REFORM
INTERNATIONAL TRADE
MICROECONOMICS
DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE
INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
AID FLOWS
ALLOCATION OF RESOURCES
AUDITING
REPORTING SYSTEMS
MONITORING & EVALUATION




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