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Collection's Items (Sorted by Submit Date in Descending order): 21 to 40 of 18471
Spillover Effects among European, the US and Moroccan Stock Markets before and after the Global Financial Crisis
Created By Belcaid, Karim and Published By Taylor & Francis Group
This paper assesses return and volatility spillovers among stock markets in Morocco, the US, UK, France and Germany represented respectively by MASI, S&P 500, FTSE 100, CAC 40 and DAX 30 indices, both before and after the global financial crisis (GFC) of 2008. The daily frequency data cover the period from January 2nd, 2002 to June 30th, 2016. Using the Diebold and Yilmaz approach, the results show varying financial connectedness between the Moroccan and the above mentioned developed stock markets. In fact, the significant increase of spillover ind...
Scholarship, Space, and Strategies of Belonging in Al-Maqqari's (d. 1031/1632) Literary and Historical Writings
Journal article, Created By Adil, Sabahat F. and Published By Taylor & Francis Group in English language
This article explores two key literary and historical texts, Raw at al-as (The Garden of Myrtle) and Naf al- ib(The Breeze of Perfume), by the tenth-/sixteenth- and eleventh-/seventeenth-century North African Muslim scholar al-Maqqari (d. 1031/1632) in order to show that, contrary to popular understandings of the period, these were times of robust Islamic scholarly activity. In order to explore the nature and dynamics of such activity, this article addresses the following overarching questions: (1) How did al-Maqqari write about North Africa and North ...
Rule of Whose Law? The Geography of Authority in Juba, South Sudan
Journal article, Created By Kindersley, Nicki and Published By Cambridge University Press in English language
This study asks: in the general absence of a functioning and effective civil administration in Juba's huge suburbs, how have people negotiated personal disputes and neighbourhood management since conflict began in 2013? Who arbitrates in Juba, and on what terms? This study challenges top-down analyses that see political-military elites managing their ethnic enclaves of followers and fighters through nepotism and gifts. Such patronage requires the complex negotiation of responsibilities and rights, including over community safety and order. In Juba, the local authorities wh...
Rhetoric-specific Features of Interactive Metadiscourse in Introduction Moves: A Case of Discipline Awareness
Journal article, Created By Kashiha, Hadi and Published By NISC in English language
To gain credibility and get acceptance from academic discourse communities, writers rely heavily on communicating with their audiences through publishing research articles (RAs). Analysing the generic structure of RAs can deal with issues relating to their language style and the type of linguistic features used. To Hyland, one of the valuable ways to study the pragmatic meaning of RAs and their generic pattern is through metadiscourse. Metadiscourse focuses on facilitating communication between writers and readers through meeting the expectations of potential readers. A c...
Revolutionary Democratic State-Building: Party, State and People in the EPRDF's Ethiopia
Journal article, Created By Vaughan , Sarah and Published By Taylor & Francis Group in English language
An ideology of "revolutionary democracy" has driven the project of state building in Ethiopia over the last 20 years. This paper explores the relationships that the Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF) and the Ethiopian Peoples' Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) government have sought to forge with the Ethiopian state and its people, by means of the various political organizations (parties, fronts, mass associations) that organize, represent or control them. It examines continuities and shifts across a series of iterations since the late 1970s: the&#x...
Quality Assurance Mechanisms and Processes in Teaching Practice: The Case of the University of Botswana
Journal article, Created By Pedzani P. Monyatsi & and Published By Taylor & Francis Group in English language
Teacher education in Botswana is offered at various higher education institutions (HEIs). Undergraduate pre-service teachers for the secondary school level are trained at the University of Botswana (UB) and the Botswana College of Agriculture, and both HEIs offer different and autonomous teacher-training programmes. The Faculty of Education at UB has its own quality assurance mechanisms for the Teaching Practice (TP) and Practicum. The purpose of the study reported on was to identify the quality assurance mechanisms and processes in place and then to establish their&...
Profitable Inefficiency: the Politics of Port Infrastructure in Mombasa, Kenya
Journal article, Created By Lamarque, Hugh and Published By Cambridge University Press in English language
This article examines the distribution of power among public, private and criminal interests invested in Mombasa port. It approaches Kenya as a gatekeeper state, in which national elites compete to control the country's points of interaction with the rest of the world. Mombasa's controversial private dry ports are used to highlight (1) how the opportunity to profit from inefficiencies in container storage has been distributed among the political elite, and (2) how the development of the country's principal seaport not only reflects Kenya's underlying ...
Predictors of survival among HIV-positive children on ART in Swaziland
Journal article, Created By Patrick Shabangu [et al] and Published By Taylor & Francis Group in English language
The objective of the study was to determine predictors of survival among HIV-positive children (
Power, Politics and the Police: Lessons from Marikana
Journal article, Created By Dixon, Bill and Published By Cambridge University Press in English language
This article examines the relationship between politicians and the police in the days before the shooting by members of the South African Police Service of 34 striking mineworkers at the Marikana platinum mine in South Africa on 16 August 2012. Drawing on evidence presented to the official inquiry into events at Marikana, it argues that political influence over the police may be exercised most effectively when it is least obvious. Instead of issuing directives, or openly exerting pressure on the police, it is suggested that politicians may secure ...
No Man is an Island: Globalisation and Resilience in the Fezzillij Tradition
Journal article, Created By Shafer, Ann and Published By Taylor & Francis Group in English language
This paper examines the 'island' construct by focusing on one case study of cultural production: zillij tile work in Morocco. This artisanal craft form is a hallmark of Moroccan identity, yet also remains fervently appropriated by the outside world. The goal here is to flush out the complex and often competing forces in such a dynamic. Through interviews with craftsmen and a critical assessment of issues related to expertise and production, we learn that in Morocco this art form is situated in ever-widening zones of influence and investment,&#x...
Nigeria's Shi'a Islamic Movement and Evolving Islamist Threat Landscape: Old, New and Future Generators of Radicalization
Journal article, Created By Gray, Simon and Published By Taylor & Francis Group in English language
The Islamic Movement in Nigeria (IMN) emerged in the early 1980s as the first Shi'a Islamist organization in Nigeria. However, since the early-2000s this organization has become increasingly confrontational and, at times, violent towards the Nigerian state. Through a qualitative analysis of four key theories concerning the causal dynamics of Islamist radicalization, this article argues that contextual and ideological factors, local and global, generated and radicalized the IMN. These include historical factors, the collapse of the First Republic (1960-1966), military rule, Sunn...
Nation-state or Nation-family? Nationalism in Marginalised African Societies
Journal article, Created By Bhandari, Abhit and Published By Cambridge University Press in English language
Scholars have long puzzled over strong nationalism in weak African states. Existing theories suggest that (a) incumbent leaders use nationalistic appeals to distract people from state weakness; or (b) citizens use nationalistic claims to exclude rival groups from accessing patronage and public goods. But what explains robust nationalism in places where politicians seldom visit and where the state under-provides resources, as is true across much of Africa? We propose a theory of familial nationalism, arguing that people profess attachment to a nation-family instead of ...
Monetary Policy and Financial Inclusion in Sub-Sahara Africa: A Panel VAR Approach
Created By Anarfo, Ebenezer Bugri and Published By Taylor & Francis Group
This article investigates the dynamic and bi-causal link between monetary policy and financial inclusion in sub-Saharan Africa using a panel VAR framework. The researcher obtained data from World Development Indicators (WDI) spanning from 1990 to 2014 for 48 sub-Saharan African economies. The findings suggest that a bi-causal relationship exists between monetary policy and financial inclusion. Specifically, it is evident that monetary policy affects financial inclusion, and financial inclusion is also influenced by monetary policy. The policy implication of this study is that ...
Measuring and Explaining Formal Institutional Persistence in French West Africa
Journal article, Created By Berinzon, Maya and Published By Cambridge University Press in English language
Colonial institutions are thought to be highly persistent, but measuring that persistence is difficult. Using a text analysis method that allows us to measure similarity between bodies of text, we examine the extent to which one formal institution - the penal code - has retained colonial language in seven West African countries. We find that the contemporary penal codes of most countries retain little colonial language. Additionally, we find that it is not meaningful to speak of institutional divergence across the unit of French West Africa, as there&#...
Living Conditions and Basic Needs: Evidence from African Countries
Journal article, Created By Clark, Andrew E. and Published By John Wiley & Sons Publishing Company in English language
We here use five rounds of Afrobarometer data covering more than 100,000 individuals over the 2004?2016 period to explore the link between individual self-reported measures of living conditions and access to four basic needs. We not only consider own access to these needs, but also various indices of their deprivation, satisfaction and inequality. We find some evidence of comparisons to those who are better off and to those who are worse off, in terms of access to basic needs, in the evaluation of current living conditions. Overall, however, subje...
Islam in the Interior Of Precolonial East Africa: Evidence From Lake Tanganyika
Journal article, Created By Gooding, Philip and Published By Cambridge University Press in English language
Most histories of East Africa's precolonial interior only give cursory attention to Islam, especially in histories of present-day west-central Tanzania and the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. Most converts to Islam in this context are usually viewed as 'nominal' Muslims. This article, by contrast, builds on recent scholarship on other regions and time periods that questions the conceptual validity of the 'nominal' Muslim. New converts necessarily questioned their social relationships, ways of living, and ritual practices through the act of conversion. On&#...
Investigating Growing Inequality in Mozambique
Journal article, Created By Tarp, Finn and Published By John Wiley & Sons Publishing Company in English language
In this paper, we investigate the long-term trend of consumption inequality in Mozambique. We show that an imbalanced growth path disproportionally benefited the better-off and caused increasing inequality, especially in more recent years, curbing the necessary reduction in poverty. Using a regression decomposition technique, our results suggest that this trend was strongly associated with the higher attained education of household heads and with the changes in the structure of the economy (with less workers in the public and subsistence sectors). The trend was, however,&...
Introduction to Special Issue on: 'Inequalities in the Least Developed Countries? Some Lessons from Africa'
Journal article, Created By Gradín, Carlos and Published By John Wiley & Sons Publishing Company in English language
This special issue comprises six papers analysing different dimensions of inequalities in African countries. Three papers deal with the trend in inequality in consumption in Mozambique, with multidimensional poverty in four sub-Saharan countries, and with the relationship between living conditions and subjective well-being in African countries. The other three are focused on gender issues and are focused on Mozambique, dealing with gender inequalities in the access to contract farming arrangements as well as to employment out of subsistence agriculture, or with the effect ...
Grinding-stone Implements in the Eastern African Pastoral Neolithic
Journal article, Created By Shoemaker, Anna and Published By Taylor & Francis in English language
Les outils de broyage en pierre représentent une source d'informations archéologiques insuffisamment exploitée en Afrique orientale. Leur présence est notée dans de multiples contextes, tant domestiques que funéraires, mais les déductions tirées de ces objets sont souvent limitées. Cet article passe en revue les informations existantes sur les outils de broyage et les bols en pierre provenant de contextes du Néolithique Pastoral (PN, à savoir Pastoral Neolithic, en anglais) en Afrique orientale. Les données sur les divers assemblages sont présentées en mettant l'accent...
Goal Dreams: Conflicting Development Imaginaries in Ghanaian Football Academies
Journal article, Created By Dubinsky, Itamar and Published By Cambridge University Press in English language
Focusing on three Ghanaian football academies, this article examines the role that dreams and aspirations play in shaping development schemes and in determining their impact. Football ignites the hopes and imaginations of entrepreneurs, aspiring players, their parents and supporters, and these aspirations serve as a blueprint for action both among founders and participants of academies. Imagined futures give birth to development initiatives, attracting participants, and providing them with opportunities to articulate their own aspirations. The following examination argues that it is...
Collection's Items (Sorted by Submit Date in Descending order): 21 to 40 of 18471