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The development dimension or disillusion : The EU's development policy goals and the Economic Partnership Agreements
Report; report; text, Created By Nordic Africa Institute Created By Stocchetti, Marikki and Published By Nordiska Afrikainstitutet; Uppsala published in 2007
The EU and the ACP countries aim to conclude the Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs) by the end of December 2007. All parties agree that these trading arrangements are meant to be first and foremost “development instruments”. However, their positions differ greatly on how the EPAs will impact on theultimate goal of poverty reduction. In this policy note Marikki Stocchetti addresses the key issues of this disagreement.
The Starbucks/Ethiopian coffee saga : geographical indications as a linchpin for development in developing countries
Report; report; text, Created By Nordic Africa Institute Created By Watson, James; Streatfeild, Jeremy and Published By Nordiska Afrikainstitutet; Uppsala published in 2008
A coalition of Ethiopian coffee producers and the Ethiopian Intellectual Property Office (EIPO) set up a programme to acquire trademarks in important export markets, with a view to increasing the profits on these brands for the producers. In March 2005, the Ethiopian government filed its first US trademark applications for three contested coffee names. After 15 months the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) agreed that the name Sidamo was generic and therefore could not be trademarked. This led to an outcry by some commentators, including ...
Situating the EPA negotiations : Issues and unresolved debates in Africa-EU trade relations
Report; report; text, Created By Nordic Africa Institute Created By Goodison, Paul and Published By Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Globalization, Trade and Regional Integration; Uppsala published in 2009
For a long time it has been necessary to move beyond sterile debates for or against Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs). The real issue is: what kind of EPAs will support African governments in their efforts to promote the structural transformation of their economies, so that they can move beyond the production of simple and unprocessed products to the production of a range of higher value products, for national, regional and international markets, and in the process help them tackle poverty and employment issues. This paper seeks to situate th...
The African economy and its role in the world economy
Report; report; text, Created By Nordic Africa Institute Created By Bigsten, Arne; Durevall, Dick and Published By Nordiska Afrikainstitutet; Uppsala published in 2008
In a broad survey this issue of Current African Issues presents a multifaceted picture of the current state of the African economy. After a period of falling per capita incomes that started in the 1970s, Africa finally saw a turnaround from about 1995. The last few years have seen average per capita incomes in Africa grow by above 3 per cent per year on average, partly due to the resource boom but also due to improved economic policies. Africa receives more aid per capita than any other major region in the world and there&...
EPAs and the post-Lisbon Implementation Status
Report; report; text, Created By Nordic Africa Institute Created By Khumalo, Nkululeko; Mulleta, Fantu and Published By Nordiska Afrikainstitutet; Uppsala published in 2009
The negotiations for Economic Partnership Agreements (EPA) between African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) countries and the European Union (EU) were launched in 2000. The talks are carried out in terms of the Cotonou Agreement, which seeks to replace the non-reciprocal export preferences ACP countries have had with the European Community (EC) with reciprocal free trade arrangements. These negotiations have been carried out on a regional basis since January 2008 in order to align the parties’ trade regime with World Trade Organization (WTO) rules. Accordingly, a nu...
Effects of Rules of Origin on the European Union - Africa Economic Partnership Agreements : summary of issues
Report; report; text, Created By Nordic Africa Institute Created By Rios-Herran, Roberto and Published By Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Globalization, Trade and Regional Integration; Uppsala published in 2007
Rules of Origin (ROO) determine the economic nationality of an imported product. Where margins of trade preferences are higher, ROO tend to be very restrictive and even sometimes dilutes the benefits of such preferences. As the ACP-EU Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) negotiations enter a critical phase, the devil of the agreement will be in the detail of the impending EPAs ROO. According to the original mandate, EPA is supposed to be concluded by December 2007 and should be development friendly. Yet, the recent EC ROO offer to the ACP cou...