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Trade, development, cooperation : what future for Africa?
Report; report; text, Created By Nordic Africa Institute Created By Melber, Henning and Published By Nordiska Afrikainstitutet; Uppsala published in 2005
Bi- and multilateral trade relations between external actors and individual African states or regional blocs are becoming ever more decisive. The trade policies of both the USA and the EU are anything but helpful. This is true of the USAs African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA), the EU Free Trade Agreement (FTA) with South Africa and more recently the Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs) negotiated in the Post-Cotonou era of European relations with the South. All these initiatives have a potentially detrimental impact on regional integration. The latter...
Situating the EPA negotiations : Issues and unresolved debates in Africa-EU trade relations
Report; report; text, Created By Nordic Africa Institute Created By Goodison, Paul and Published By Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Globalization, Trade and Regional Integration; Uppsala published in 2009
For a long time it has been necessary to move beyond sterile debates for or against Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs). The real issue is: what kind of EPAs will support African governments in their efforts to promote the structural transformation of their economies, so that they can move beyond the production of simple and unprocessed products to the production of a range of higher value products, for national, regional and international markets, and in the process help them tackle poverty and employment issues. This paper seeks to situate th...
Sexual exploitation and abuse by peacekeeping operations in contemporary Africa
Report; report; text, Created By Nordic Africa Institute Created By Rudén, Fanny; Utas, Mats and Published By Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Urban Dynamics; Uppsala published in 2009
In international peacekeeping operations (PKOs) some individuals are involved in sexual exploitation and abuse of the host country’s population, buying of sexual services and trafficking of prostitutes. Far from being a new phenomenon it goes back a long time, and reports on the issue have increased over the years. All too frequently we read about peacekeepers visiting prostitutes, committing rape, or in other ways sexually exploiting host populations. Some peacekeepers are taking advantage of the power their work gives them, and becoming abusers rather than pro...
Labour migration : a child and youth issue
Report; report; text, Created By Nordic Africa Institute Created By Thorsen, Dorte and Published By Nordiska Afrikainstitutet; Uppsala published in 2008
Considerable policy effort has been made to eliminate child labour and is currently being directed towards job-creation for youth. Most programmatic solutions are premised on education being a key component of childhood and education deficits a major impediment to youth employment. Long-term difficulties of finding work at the end of schooling or vocational training are addressed only as ill-suited curricula and economic barriers preventing youth’s entrepreneurship. Children’s work (below 18 years) is contentious per se, whilst youth’s labour migration receive no attention in&...
Africa's development in the 21st century : Reshaping the research agenda
Report; report; text, Created By Nordic Africa Institute Created By Cheru, Fantu and Published By Nordiska Afrikainstitutet; Uppsala published in 2008
As Africa enters the 21st century, it faces mounting challenges as well as new opportunities. Unlike in the 1980s and the 1990s, however, the conditions for Africa's sustained growth and development are more favourable today than ever before. As a result of economic reforms the overall growth has been in excess of 4.5 percent annually since the mid 1990s. There is greater consensus among Africans now than at any previous time on what needs to be done to accelerate growth, reduce poverty and promote sustainable development. The positive respons...
Africa-China-EU Cooperation in Africa : Prospects and Pitfalls
Report; report; text, Created By Nordic Africa Institute Created By Alden, Chris; Sidiropoulos, Elizabeth and Published By Nordiska Afrikainstitutet; Uppsala published in 2009
Africa-China-EU cooperation is still in its formative stages. It has the express focus of contributing to peace, stability and sustainable development in Africa. The creation of a virtuous circle of growth and development, one which employs the tools of globalisation to Africa’s best advantage, has to be a fundamental aim of any trilateral cooperation. At the same time, the opening up of trilateral dialogue should allow all three partners to give consideration to areas in which conflicting views or interests arise. Indeed, the spectre of a two-way Chin...
The impact of common agricultural policy (CAP) reform on Africa-EU trade in food and agricultural products
Report; report; text, Created By Nordic Africa Institute Created By Goodison, Paul and Published By Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Globalization, Trade and Regional Integration; Uppsala published in 2009
This paper seeks to look at certain fundamental features of the EU food and agricultural sector adjustment process as it manifests itself through the reform of the CAP. It highlights the shift in policy tools, from price support for agricultural products to income support for EU farmers and the shift in policy emphasis from the quantity of agricultural products to the quality of food and agriculturalproducts. It reviews the implications of this policy shift for the EU’s diminishing tolerance of the use of trade policy tools as part of agricul...
African Agriculture and The World Bank : Development or Impoverishment?
Report; report; text, Created By Nordic Africa Institute Created By Havnevik, Kjell; Bryceson, Deborah; Birgegård, Lars-Erik; Matondi, Prosper; Beyene, Atakilte and Published By Nordiska Afrikainstitutet; Uppsala published in 2007
African smallholder family farming, the backbone of the continental economy throughout the colonial and early post-colonial period, has been destabilized and eroded over the past thirty years. Despite the World Bank’s poverty alleviation concerns, agrarian livelihoods continue to unravel under the impact of economic liberalization and global value chains. Can African smallholders bounce back and compete? The World Development Report 2008 argues they can and must. How realistic is this given the history of World Bank conditionality in Africa? This essay explores the produc...
EPAs and the post-Lisbon Implementation Status
Report; report; text, Created By Nordic Africa Institute Created By Khumalo, Nkululeko; Mulleta, Fantu and Published By Nordiska Afrikainstitutet; Uppsala published in 2009
The negotiations for Economic Partnership Agreements (EPA) between African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) countries and the European Union (EU) were launched in 2000. The talks are carried out in terms of the Cotonou Agreement, which seeks to replace the non-reciprocal export preferences ACP countries have had with the European Community (EC) with reciprocal free trade arrangements. These negotiations have been carried out on a regional basis since January 2008 in order to align the parties’ trade regime with World Trade Organization (WTO) rules. Accordingly, a nu...