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The development dimension or disillusion : The EU's development policy goals and the Economic Partnership Agreements
Report; report; text, Created By Nordic Africa Institute Created By Stocchetti, Marikki and Published By Nordiska Afrikainstitutet; Uppsala published in 2007
The EU and the ACP countries aim to conclude the Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs) by the end of December 2007. All parties agree that these trading arrangements are meant to be first and foremost “development instruments”. However, their positions differ greatly on how the EPAs will impact on theultimate goal of poverty reduction. In this policy note Marikki Stocchetti addresses the key issues of this disagreement.
Trade, development, cooperation : what future for Africa?
Report; report; text, Created By Nordic Africa Institute Created By Melber, Henning and Published By Nordiska Afrikainstitutet; Uppsala published in 2005
Bi- and multilateral trade relations between external actors and individual African states or regional blocs are becoming ever more decisive. The trade policies of both the USA and the EU are anything but helpful. This is true of the USAs African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA), the EU Free Trade Agreement (FTA) with South Africa and more recently the Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs) negotiated in the Post-Cotonou era of European relations with the South. All these initiatives have a potentially detrimental impact on regional integration. The latter...
The Starbucks/Ethiopian coffee saga : geographical indications as a linchpin for development in developing countries
Report; report; text, Created By Nordic Africa Institute Created By Watson, James; Streatfeild, Jeremy and Published By Nordiska Afrikainstitutet; Uppsala published in 2008
A coalition of Ethiopian coffee producers and the Ethiopian Intellectual Property Office (EIPO) set up a programme to acquire trademarks in important export markets, with a view to increasing the profits on these brands for the producers. In March 2005, the Ethiopian government filed its first US trademark applications for three contested coffee names. After 15 months the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) agreed that the name Sidamo was generic and therefore could not be trademarked. This led to an outcry by some commentators, including ...
Situating the EPA negotiations : Issues and unresolved debates in Africa-EU trade relations
Report; report; text, Created By Nordic Africa Institute Created By Goodison, Paul and Published By Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Globalization, Trade and Regional Integration; Uppsala published in 2009
For a long time it has been necessary to move beyond sterile debates for or against Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs). The real issue is: what kind of EPAs will support African governments in their efforts to promote the structural transformation of their economies, so that they can move beyond the production of simple and unprocessed products to the production of a range of higher value products, for national, regional and international markets, and in the process help them tackle poverty and employment issues. This paper seeks to situate th...
China in Africa
Report; report; text, Created By Nordic Africa Institute Created By Lee, Margaret C.; Melber, Henning and Published By Nordiska Afrikainstitutet; Uppsala published in 2007
The contributions to this compilation add in various ways to the ongoing discussion on China’s role in Africa. They offer a blend of general overviews on the new scramble for Africa’s resources, the Chinese expansion into Africa and case studies on Uganda and South Africa. They present reflections on and insights to a current theme, which is widely and controversially debated also within Africa.; CONTENTS -- The (not so) New Kid on the Block: China and the scramble for Africa’s resources: An introductory overview. Henning Melber -- Unpacking China’s&#x...
The impact of common agricultural policy (CAP) reform on Africa-EU trade in food and agricultural products
Report; report; text, Created By Nordic Africa Institute Created By Goodison, Paul and Published By Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Globalization, Trade and Regional Integration; Uppsala published in 2009
This paper seeks to look at certain fundamental features of the EU food and agricultural sector adjustment process as it manifests itself through the reform of the CAP. It highlights the shift in policy tools, from price support for agricultural products to income support for EU farmers and the shift in policy emphasis from the quantity of agricultural products to the quality of food and agriculturalproducts. It reviews the implications of this policy shift for the EU’s diminishing tolerance of the use of trade policy tools as part of agricul...
The African economy and its role in the world economy
Report; report; text, Created By Nordic Africa Institute Created By Bigsten, Arne; Durevall, Dick and Published By Nordiska Afrikainstitutet; Uppsala published in 2008
In a broad survey this issue of Current African Issues presents a multifaceted picture of the current state of the African economy. After a period of falling per capita incomes that started in the 1970s, Africa finally saw a turnaround from about 1995. The last few years have seen average per capita incomes in Africa grow by above 3 per cent per year on average, partly due to the resource boom but also due to improved economic policies. Africa receives more aid per capita than any other major region in the world and there&...
African Agriculture and The World Bank : Development or Impoverishment?
Report; report; text, Created By Nordic Africa Institute Created By Havnevik, Kjell; Bryceson, Deborah; Birgegård, Lars-Erik; Matondi, Prosper; Beyene, Atakilte and Published By Nordiska Afrikainstitutet; Uppsala published in 2007
African smallholder family farming, the backbone of the continental economy throughout the colonial and early post-colonial period, has been destabilized and eroded over the past thirty years. Despite the World Bank’s poverty alleviation concerns, agrarian livelihoods continue to unravel under the impact of economic liberalization and global value chains. Can African smallholders bounce back and compete? The World Development Report 2008 argues they can and must. How realistic is this given the history of World Bank conditionality in Africa? This essay explores the produc...
Effects of Rules of Origin on the European Union - Africa Economic Partnership Agreements : summary of issues
Report; report; text, Created By Nordic Africa Institute Created By Rios-Herran, Roberto and Published By Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Globalization, Trade and Regional Integration; Uppsala published in 2007
Rules of Origin (ROO) determine the economic nationality of an imported product. Where margins of trade preferences are higher, ROO tend to be very restrictive and even sometimes dilutes the benefits of such preferences. As the ACP-EU Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) negotiations enter a critical phase, the devil of the agreement will be in the detail of the impending EPAs ROO. According to the original mandate, EPA is supposed to be concluded by December 2007 and should be development friendly. Yet, the recent EC ROO offer to the ACP cou...